A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

(it) Takes a touch - When the ball, often accidentally, takes a deflection off a player to vary its intended trajectory.

(to) Take a touch - Controlling the ball with a permissible part of the body prior to passing or shooting.

1/16 final - The World Cup group stage where 32 teams are often divided into eight groups having four teams each; the top two teams of each group will qualify to play the next round.

1/8 final - The World Cup's Knock out stage, where 16 teams that survive the group stage usually face each other; a single loss in this stage directly eliminates a team from the tournament.

12th man - Also termed as 12th player refers to fans of football teams, which usually has a squad of eleven players. In most football leagues, maximum eleven players per team are allowed on the field at a time, the 12th man refers to the team fans that play a great role in mentally and emotionally supporting the team during any game. Rarely, the term has referred to any people who have a prominent bond to their favorite football team.

2 3 5 - Traditional formation of football famous by Arsenal in 1925, through renowned English manager Herbert Chapman; also termed as W-M and occasionally scheduled as 3-2-2-3.

4 4 2 - One of the most common formations, used by British football clubs, which consists of four defenders, four midfielders, and two strikers.

4 5 1- The combination formed by a football team that includes four defenders, five midfielders, and one forward to play on the field.

4th place trophy - The successful qualification for the UEFA Champion's League by ending at the top four places in the English Premier League.

888Sport

A

A player attempting a bicycle kick - The phrase refers to a player who attempts a bicycle kick also known as overhead kick, in which a player kicks an airborne ball backward in midair.

A player in midair - When the leg of the player moves upwards towards the ball, to strike it above and behind the opponent's head.

A team - A group of 11 people who play for the country or club. In association football, two teams of 11 players each (including goalkeepers) compete against each other, the team that scores maximum goals at the end of the game wins.

Abandonment - When a game is halt prior to the completion of the allotted time and not played out further due to bad weather conditions, security problems, floodlights issues, playing staff or referees concern, etc.

Academy - An organization intended to develop skills for playing football. It is a part of a football club that educates emerging players who might one day become part of the national and international team.

Adidas - Football players use their feet more than any other part of their body for controlling the ball in the field. Therefore, the boots are unarguably the most important tool in their trade. There are TONs of boot's brands to choose from, however, the most prevalent is Adidas, the largest sportswear firm in Europe.

Administration - A legal process where football clubs who are not able to pay its creditors, request temporary legal protection from them. Occasionally some associations of football choose to go into administration when they are not able to pay off debts.

Advance - Moving forward on the field in order to attack the ball and score the goal.

Advantage - When referee made a decision to continue the game, although, a player committed foul as the team that experienced the foul is in a good position than they would have been had the referee stopped the game.

Advantage clause - Also known as, the Advantage Rule, in which the Referee has the task to NOT call a clear foul and stop play at the moment if it would make greater harm to the team that was fouled.  It is enclosed within Law 5 of the Laws of the Game, “The Referee.”Under the Powers and Duties section of Law 5.

Aerial game - Before the football inception in the 1870s, it toyed with aerial lingos as the games integrated wing formations and wingmen, together with the “flying wedge,” a triangular shape of linemen shielding the ball carrier with a tiring phalanx.

Aerial skills - Refers to the ability of a player who is good at heading the ball. Defenders always required good tackling skills, aerial skills and the capability to come out from tight and pressurized conditions in control of the football.

AET - The score in matches or ties applying to extra time are often recorded with the abbreviation a.e.t. (after extra time) generally associated the previous score after regulation time.

AFC - Known as the Asian Football Confederation, which is the governing organization of association football in Asia and Australia. It includes 47 countries member, mostly situated on the Asian and Australian continent.

After extra time - If match becomes tie at the end of regular time, it usually go into extra time, which consists of two further 15-minute periods, however, if the score still tied after extra time, the teams go on for penalty shoot outs to find out the winner.

Against the run of play - This phrase is used to depict a situation when a team scores a goal when they don't deserve it. In general, if a team scores a goal against the run of play, they score it when the opponent has been playing superior or had more possibilities to score.

Aggregate or aggregate score - Most of the club competitions in association football are played on a knockout basis. A draw is performed to select the pairings. Paired clubs need to play each other twice, home-and-home. The winner is determined by adding the scores of both the games -- the aggregate score. In-case, there is a tie at the aggregate score, then the winner will be the club that scored more goals on its opposing field.

All seater - The football stadium, which has enough seats for all the audience and no standing, places.

All ticket - Denoting any football event, for which home and away audience must buy tickets in advance. Top level games are always all ticket, which is available at authorized outlets and at touts selling too.

Amateur - Someone engages in a football as a pastime rather than as a profession.

Anti football - When players instead aiming to score a goal for their team, puts complete efforts to prevent the opposing team from scoring.  

Apertura and Clausura - Football league tournament based on split season format. It is innovation for lots of Latin American football leagues in which the conventional season from August to May is split in two sections per season, each having its own champion.

Appearance - The way that player dressed and looks during a game.

Arena football - A game is similar to American football, which is played on a 50-yard field between two teams including eight players each. It is known as faster-paced game and there are approx 100 points scored between both teams on average.

Armband - A fabric band that player wear round their upper arm in order to show their position in a team.  Generally, a captain of the football team wears the armband that distinguishes him or her from the other players on the team.

Artificial surface - A surface created by the use of synthetic fibers, which look like natural grass. London football club Queens Park Rangers in 1981 installed an artificial surface, later followed by more clubs in the mid-1980s.

Artistry - The proficiency and spark of some players can be depicted as artistry.

Assist - A pass or a cross, received by a player from their teammate that helps to score a goal. Most commonly, it is given to a player who can pass or cross the ball to the goal. Some systems might provide an assist to a player who wins a penalty kick or a free kick for another player to hit a goal.

Assistant referee - The new authorized name for a linesman. During a match, two assistant referees always present who run up and down outside the sidelines, rather than around on the playing field. They often make a decision whether a player is offside or the ball has gone out of play.

Association football - Commonly known as football or soccer, a game which is played on a rectangular shaped field that has two net goals one on both ends of the field. Two teams having 11 players each (including one goalkeeper each) play this game on the field.

At the end of the day - The most common phrase used by footballers in interviews, which means everything is considered and done by their end.  For e.g. the clubs will closely follow all the players of the team because, at the end of the day, there's lots of money they have invested in.

Attack - When a team forcefully moving towards the opponent's goal to score a goal.

Attacker - Refers to a player, who is moving forward to score a goal. The player having a ball is the first attacker. The player who is one pass away is referred to as the second attacker and the player more than one pass away referred to as the third attacker.

Attendance - The number of people presents during a football match.  Undoubtedly, every team has its share of excellent fans, so attendance remains quite high during their favorite team match.

Awareness - The extent to which players are aware of a game. It is the most important skill every player should master as it defines their capability to make better decisions on the field.

Away - When one team goes to the venue of other teams to play the match.

Away goals rule - The process of breaking draws when teams face each other twice at their home ground. According to the away goals rule, the team, which scored maximum goals "away from home" wins, in-case when both the teams have equal goals.

Azzurri - Refers to the Italy national football team who played their first match in 1910. The team was under the international authority of FIFA and was governed in Europe by UEFA, later the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) was formed for Italy.

B


B team - Refers to the "reserve" team in the Spanish football league system.  Reserve team often comprises of a combination of rising youth players and first-team squad players. These teams are different from a club's youth team that includes players under a particular age and plays in an age-specific league.

Back door - The region on the reverse side of the goalmouth from where a cross or corner kick is taken.

Back heel - When a player usually uses their heel to push the ball back towards a teammate. It helps in misguiding the opponents by facing one way and passing the ball in the other direction.

Back line - Refers to the defensive players measured as a unit. The defenders positioned in the center of the back line (recognized as central defenders or center backs), usually the taller and stronger players of the team since they more often have to prevail the ball in the air.

Back pass rule - The regulation does not permit the goalie to control the ball in most cases when it is passed to them by their team-mate. Goalkeepers are generally permitted to control the ball within their own penalty area, and once they control the ball with their hands, opposing team players cannot challenge them for it, but the back-pass rule disallows this if the ball has been deliberately kicked or throw into them by their teammate.

Backheel - Striking the ball with one's heel and make it move behind another player. It simply means the pass between the team members, in which one player utilizes their heel to push the ball at the back to another player.

Bafana Bafana - The nickname entitled to South Africa men's national football team by their fans. It generally means "all of the boys" including the team and management and the audience.

Ball - The spherical shape object made of synthetic leather, typically polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride sewed around rubber-like bladder used in the sport of association football. The standard size of the ball lies in the range of 68.6 cm to 71.12 cm and weight lies in the range of 14 oz to 16 oz.

Ball boy - Someone, whose job is to pick up the football during a game and gives them back to the players.

Ball control - An offensive strategy employed by a team for keeping possession of the ball as long as possible and restricts the chances of an opponent to score.

Ball distribution - Goalkeeper skill to pass the ball from one side to another by kicking, punting, or throwing it.

Ball holding - The term describes keeping control of the ball.  A player must be capable enough to hold on to the ball particularly when it is played upfield so that the teammate can join the attack.  

Ball skills - A special ability to play the ball (for e.g. dribbling) that develop through continuous training and practice.

Ball wasting - Refers to an outstanding scoring opportunity missed by the player because of the wrong move.

Ball watching - When a player looks at the ball and not at the player, that means the opponent can play freely on the field.

Ball winner - Refers to a player who gets the ball's possession from an opposing team player.

Ball - A round object uses to play games. Football is the most popular ball game that has numbers of participants and spectators in the world.

Ballon d'Or - An annual award offered by France Football to the best-voted player in the world. Started from 1956, and continue until now this award is given on the basis of football journalists voting regarding the best male player in the world.

Balloon ball or shot - Refers to the kick of the ball that is intended to score a goal.

Banana kick - An off-center kick that causes the ball to curve or bend before dropping on the ground.  It is useful for players who are awarded a free penalty kick, as the goalkeeper has a very less chance of blocking the shot.

Barras bravas - Refers to the violent supporter's group of Latin America's football teams. They stand throughout the game, singing, jumping, throwing firecrackers, playing bass drums and waving flags, for supporting players of their favorite team, even sometimes become offensive, throwing objects to threaten referees and opposing players and supporters that creates violence and riots during a game.

Barrister - Law personnel who put a light in football cases, mainly work for managers and coaches; well linked to key individuals.
Bash     Generally refers to a backside sweep. The full flat surface attack permits offenses to run ideas where the offensive players have the choice to attack downhill or extend to the sideline, using the complete field. These particular acts are referred to as Bash concepts, or “Back Away.”

BBC - Acronym for the British Broadcasting Corporation, the state TV channel in the UK that shows the entire football fixtures, results and live scores for all leagues and tournaments. BBC has got one another meaning in the Champions League final's weekend such as Real Madrid Fan called it Bale, Benzema, and Cristiano while Juventus fans refer it Barzagli, Bonucci, and Chiellini.

Beach football - Association football's variation played on a beach or some form of sand.  This game started on the sandy beaches of Rio de Janeiro, and give emphasis to skill, quickness, and accuracy in striking at the goal.

Behind closed doors - Refers to the matches played where fans are not permitted in the stadium to watch. It implied as a punishment, in cases, when any team found guilty for earlier misconduct, or stadium safety issues, or preventing possible harmful clashes between rival and supporters.

Belt - Refers to a strip made of leather or other material worn around the waist, so that the jersey might not be pulled over a player's head during a game

Bench - The reserves seated throughout a match. Reserve player brought on to the pitch during a match in a swap for an accessible player. It happens due to tiredness or injurious of an existing player, who is not capable to perform on the field.

Bend - When players are skilled enough to curve the flight of the ball into the net by imparting a spin to the ball. It usually happens due to the aerodynamic forces on the ball. The player who has this skill is referred to as free kick taker, as they are capable to bend the ball around walls while striking hit at goal.

Between the legs tackle - When the ball has been pushed between the legs of the opposing team player.

Bicycle kick - Refers to a kick, in which a player jumps toward the back into the air and then hit the ball when it is over their head.

Blast - Refers to the powerful shot, usually executed by a blocking fullback, the running back takes a rapid handoff from the quarterback and strikes a gap among an offensive protector and a tackle.

Blind side - When an attacking player without the ball running outside a defender's field of vision to receive a pass openly. It creates lots of scoring chances as goals always come from the continuous move and creativity of the players who run continuously, getting the ball in areas of the field where they can pass or set up a scoring opportunity for a team-mate.

Block tackle - Players use the inside of their foot to get possession of the ball. This tackle is highly effective when the attacker comes directly on the way to the defender, especially when gaps are limited as in a packed penalty area.

Block - When a player obstructs a shot initialize by an opposing player. For e.g. goalkeepers can use their hands and arms to block within the goal area.

Bobble - When players drop or almost lost a ball that they are trying to hit or stop as it moves in an irregular and uncontrolled way.
Body swerve     Refers to close control, dribbling trick intended for running at and defeating defenders, and creating gaps to hit or pass the ball.  Its aim is to imitate the defender into moving the incorrect path.

Booking - The process of announcing the offense committed by the player.  To indicate serious or repeated offences, the referee shows the colored cards to the player.  When the player has been booked once, he or she received a yellow card warning, while the second time, the red card is shown.

Boot boy - The term uses to describe the role of a young professional football player who generally cleans the boots of the superior players on a team.

Boots - Pair of footwear worn by the player when playing a game. From plain and modest design, football boots have gone through several changes and now become subject to research, growth, sponsorship, and marketing for boot making industry.

Bosman ruling - Refers to the verdict given by the European Court of Justice, regarding the transfers of players from one club to another. It allows professional football players in the European Union to join another club after their existing contract with no need of giving transfer fee to their old club.

Bottler - The term refers to a player who primarily plays well but makes massive errors like missing a penalty, not converting an easy chance, losing temper and getting sent off during a game.

Bouncing - This term describes the ball move, rapidly up, back, or away after hitting the surface. When a player gets a bouncing ball that comes up at their chest, their arms must be out and away from the body, so that they did not receive a call of handball, keeps defenders away and make a good balance.

Box - Also called "the penalty area or 18-yard box ", located alongside the goal line, where strikers aim the ball to score a goal. This area lies among the offensive attempts, about five yards deep, which includes the defensive linemen and linebackers.

Box to box - Refers to central midfielders who have great skills to perform best at both defending and attacking positions on the field. These players can consequently track back to their own box for making tackles, blocking shots, and running towards the opposing team's box for scoring.

Brace - This term is used to describe that a player scored two goals in a single game. It is an old English term,  means a “pair” of something that was killed.

Brave - A player who is tough and aggressive for good reason as both these things are required in order to play well on the field.

Break - A time when a defending team earns possession of the ball in its own half and attacks promptly into the half of other teams.

Bribe - Trying to make players do something for you on the field by offering them money, gifts, or something else that they want.
British Championship    Also referred, as the Home International Championship, a football competition contested annually between the four national teams i.e. England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland of UK. The tournament started during the 1883–84 season and continued until the 1983–84 season.

British Sports Writers' Association - A union of football journalists and reporters who writes for English newspapers and agencies. It gives the Footballer of the Year Award to the most outstanding players. For e.g. Bobby Robson, a former international football player, and manager of many European clubs and the England national football team received British Sports Writers' Association Pat Besford Trophy for Outstanding Achievement in 2001.

Bukta - An English sports clothing brand formed in 1879 in Stockport, Cheshire, England. Many football teams like Arsenal, Leicester City, Manchester United, Port Vale, Watford, etc. have worn kits produced by Bukta

Bundesliga - A professional association football league in Germany that have the highest audience ratio from worldwide. It is the primary football competition in Germany consisting of 18 teams and runs on a system of promotion and relegation. The winning team of this league directly qualifies for the DFL-Supercup.

Bung - A payment made to managers or players to influence them to remain unfair during a game. For e.g.  Eight Premier league managers are suspected to got illegal payments, referred to as 'bungs' during their careers.
By line    Another term used for Touchline. The lines, which run at both ends of the playing field. Attacking teams attempt to get the ball to the byline as it opens up gaps and makes it hard to defend.

Byline - The line between a goalpost and a corner flag. The football field is marked with white lines, which help players, the referee and spectators to easily understand the game. The lines, which run at each end of the field, are known as the bylines. Attacking team always attempt to take the ball to this line as it opens up the gap and become difficult to defend.  

C


CAF - The organizational and controlling body for African association football is known as The Confederation of African Football or CAF. This administrative body signifies the national football associations of Africa, runs continental, state, and club contests and manages their prize money, policy, and media rights.

Calcio - Another word for Football, generally used in Italy. The word Calcio exactly interprets to kick, however, sometimes referred to as Pallone, which means ball.

Cap - The symbolic term used for the appearance of a player in an international game. In an international match of association football, awarding a cap to every player is a significant step in the United Kingdom. Earlier, when the trend of each team wearing a set of matching shirts had not been generally approved, so each side distinguish from each other by wearing a particular sort of cap.

Cap tied - The term used to describe a player who is ineligible to appear in a cup competition for a new team as he/she was already played for another team earlier in the season.

Capacity - The maximum amount of audience that football stadium can contain.

Captain - A teammate elected to be the on-pitch leader of the team, also known as the skipper. The captain is often distinguished on the field by his armband. They have the responsibility to act as intermediaries between their fellow players, coaches, and referees. The captain is elected on the basis of their leadership skills, experience and capability to lead the team both on and off the field.

Caretaker manager - Someone who is looking behind the position until someone else takes over that means the position of caretaker remains temporary. For e.g. after Sam Allardyce resignation from England, there was need of someone to take charge of the team for further matches then Gareth Southgate was appointed as caretaker manager of the national side and will look forward to that team.

Carry - A statistical phrase in American and Canadian football equivalent to a particular rushing play. It is also called a rushing attempt that means yards per try quickening the ball.

Catenaccio - Extremely defensive style of play adopted by the Italians that includes engrossing pressure from a team playing impressive football and gaining a freak winner by a penalty attain by diving, pretending an injury or paying the referee.

Caution - The warning issued to the player for misconduct or any offense. Generally, the referee shows a yellow card to point out that a player has been formally cautioned. The details of the players are then documented in a small notebook.

Central defender - Refers to one of the two defenders playing in the center of the pitch. The full-backs must fill up their place when they move to an advanced position.

Centre - This term can be referred in two ways i.e. A player playing in the middle of the forward line or the action or an occasion of passing the ball from a wing to the middle of the pitch.

Centre back - Refers to a defender playing in the middle of the defense.

Centre circle - The circle is noticeable in the center of a football field.

Centre half[back] - The player who plays in a central position and has the responsibility to stop the opponent, mainly the strikers from scoring, and bringing the ball out from their penalty zone.

Centre spot - The solid white circle in the center of a playing field, from where the kickoff takes place.  The ball is always placed on this mark before the start of a match.

Champions League - Most impressive football competition where top clubs from all the major European leagues battle with each other to win the title.  In 1955, the Union of European Football Associations first organized this competition, therefore known as UEFA Champions League too. However, it is not reserved exclusively for clubs that win a home league title; rather, multiple clubs from several home associations are entered, with the number determined by UEFA's association ranking, which evaluates the strength of each European league.

Chance - Signifies a shot, whether on target or not. A perfect shot and a pass create a chance to score a goal. It simply means any pass, which leads to a shot, referred to as a chance created.

Change of pace - Accelerating speed from a defender. For e.g., after players move to get around the defender or made the defender off balance, it's important to create separation with a sturdy change of pace to finish the move.

Channel - The name refers to certain areas of the field, formed by the gap between players and groups of players. Channels are of two types vertical and horizontal. The vertical channel lies between full backs and their nearby center back and horizontal channel lies between defense, midfield, and attack.

Charge - The act of finding a gap using physical contact within playing distance of the ball with no use of arms or elbows. It is illegal to charge an opponent in a careless or reckless manner and with excessive force.

Cheating - Refers to getting an unlawful reward for dishonest means or breaking of rules to gain unfair advantage in a competitive game.

Chest - The upper front part of the body used to control a ball out of the air. When the ball is in air and about to make blow with the chest, the player needs to slowly exhale so that the chest could form a trapping cradle by emptying the air out of the lungs.

Chest save - Refers to a skill used for any shot, which is 12 inches higher and is toward the goal.

Chip - This term is used to describe a shot in which the player kicks the ball from below with precision and minimum force. Their target is to keep the ball into the air so that it can pass over the opponent's head and score a goal.

Clausura - Refers to the structure of two football competitions employed in many Latin American countries for determining the best team in the country for that particular season.

Clean sheet - Refers to a condition of any team, which is unable to score goals against the opponent. In simple terms, it is described as a condition where defense or goalkeeper of any team prevents their opponent to score any goals during a match.

Clearance - Kicking the ball away from own goal, maybe to stop the opposition chance of scoring.

Clockwork Orange - Refers to the Dutch teams led by Johan Cruyff and lovingly called as ‘The Clockwork Orange’ as they initiated a new style of play with accurate passing that was referred to as ‘total football’.

Close down - The term refers to marking or moving towards an opponent team member in order to stop him or her running with the ball, creating, or getting a pass. It simply means putting pressure on an attacker or the attacking team with the aim of restricting passing and striking options.

Club - An organized or incorporated organization with a leader, board, and a set of rules accountable to play football tournaments and competitions. The first football club was built in the early 19th century.

Club side or team - The team at which players generally play for, contrary to the national side.

Co ownership - Refers to a system in which two football clubs own the agreement of a player together, although the player is only eligible to play for one club.

Coach - Someone whose job is to train, guide and categorize a football team. The responsibilities of a coach in association football usually vary based on the level they are coaching at and the country they are coaching in.

Coaching staff - The non-playing team members such as the coach and masseurs.

Coin toss - Throw (a coin) into the air in order to determine which team starts with the ball, what direction teams go for scoring, and which end region team get to defend.

Combination - It was a league played during the beginning period of English football. First, the competition ran from the 1888–89 season in which teams across Northern England and the Midlands participated then second run from the 1890–91 season in which teams from North West England and later Wales participated.

Comfortable on the ball - A player who does not panic once they first trap or receive the ball and have good skill moves or good 1st touch and 2nd touch leading into the pass.

Commemorative match - Refers to the match played to tribute a historic football event.

Competition rules or regulations - The guidelines or instructions along with the directives or law enforced in a particular country in order to control the way the football competitions are held in the ground.

Competitive matches -  The matches played in a league season or tournament.

CONCACAF - Refers to the association football continental governing organization in North America, including Central America and the Caribbean region. CONCACAF's main purpose is to arrange competitions for national teams and clubs and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying competitions.

Conditioning - The term used to describe the intentional attempt for improving physical attributes. Players must work on improving their strength and condition to reduce the risk of injury and increase the performance on playing field.

Confederations - An organization that includes different groups of countries to work together for football events or tournament.
Confederations Cup    A football tournament, organized by FIFA for men's national teams, at every four years.  

CONMEBOL - Among six continental confederations of FIFA, the South American Football Confederation, commonly referred to as CONMEBOL, is the continental governing body, which is responsible for organizing major international tournaments for South American Football.

Consolation match - A single game of the knockout tournament played between the losers of the two semifinal matches for knowing the third and fourth-place team.

Continental European - Refers to the European mainland that is different from the various offshore islands such as Britain, the Canary Islands, Sicily, and the Greek islands.  English Football Club formed in 1874 in Germany i.e. "Dresden" known as the first continental European team.

Control - The strength to influence or direct football moves. No matter what position the players play in, he or she might have the ability to control a moving football.

Copa América - Known as CONMEBOL America Cup, an international football tournament for men played between national teams from CONMEBOL. This competition gives the continental champion of South America.

Corner arc - Refers to a quarter-circle with 1-yard radius situated at each of the four corners of the field on a corner kick, the ball should be strike from inside this arc.

Corner flag - To mark the edges of the playing field, flags are placed in each corner of the pitch. These flags are useful for referees to know whether the ball crossed the touchline or the end line.

Corner kick - The process to restart play when the football goes out of the field i.e. over the goal line, without scoring a goal, and without being touched by a player of the defending team. The kick strikes from the corner of the field nearest to where the ball went out. It creates a good goal scoring opportunity for the attacking side, apart from penalty kick or a direct free kick.

Corridor of uncertainty - This phrase used to describe a cross or a pass, which is delivered into the region between the goalkeeper and the last line of defense. It creates uncertainty among the opposing team as both the last defender and the goalkeeper become mystified whether they should go for the ball or leave it for the other player to clear.

Counter attack or counterattack - An attack used to stop or oppose the shot made by opposing team player. The key to executing this attack is speed and a long switch or diagonal pass that cuts out several defenders.

Cover - Taking a position nearer to an opponent for challenging his or her efforts. The defender must cover the opponent player all over the field until the end of the match.

Cramp - Sore contractions or muscle's spasms usually take place due to fatigue, water loss, or by improper stretching, or warm-up during football practice or competition.

Craque - The term refers to the football player who is tough, powerful, and impressive! For e.g. Diego Forlan is the Craque of the World Cup held in 2010.

Creativity - Player's ability to invent new techniques on the field to score a goal. The creativity and practical brilliance of the goal matter more for qualification.

Cross - A medium-to-long-range passes from a broad area of the ground towards the center close to the goal of the opponent team. Specifically, the aim of a cross is directly taking the ball into the box from an angle that permits the offensive forwards to aim goal more accurately with their head or feet.

Cross pitch or cross field - A kick or pass of the ball, which goes from one side to another side of a playing field during a game.
Crossbar - The horizontal bar of the goal post.

Crowd - An audience, especially one at football tournaments.

Crowd barriers - Physical barriers that restrict the entrée and prevent riot or crowd fights during football tournaments or competitions. They are vital equipment to play any game without a fuss.

Cruciate ligament injury - In football, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is considered as the most dramatic events that take place more often during a match.

Crush barriers - Erected barriers used to divide sections of big crowds in order to stop crushing.

Cruyff turn - A proficient skill (named derived from Dutchman Johan Cruyff) in which a player uses the sole or heel for dragging the ball backward between their legs with the aim of turning it away from a defender.  

Cuauhtemiña - The signature move of legendary Cuauhtémoc Blanco. He secures the ball with both feet and jumps between the two players who are defending him, which is completely effective and unique. He did this move at the World Cup and kept using the same since long.

Cup - An attractive trophy typically made of gold or silver, including a stem and two handles, given to the winning team as a prize in any football competition.

Cup competition - A global football contest in which national or international teams compete for the winning cup or trophy.  For e.g. FIFA (Intercontinental competitions), AFC (Asian competitions), CAF (African competitions), CONCACAF (North American, Central American, and Caribbean competitions),  CONMEBOL (South American competitions), OFC (Oceanian competitions), UEFA (European competitions) and more.

Cup run - A sequence of winning in a cup competition, generally be relevant to the teams from the lower division.

Cup tied - Refers to a player who has come out for a football club at some point in a knockout cup but then transfers to different club become disqualified to play for the new club in the remaining matches of that competition. Such a player is referred to be cup-tied i.e. fixed to their real club for the period of the cup tournament. They will be for the new club in the next season.

Cupset - The term describes a situation in a football competition in which a lower league team defeats a team from a higher league and wins a CUP trophy.

Curl - Spinning on the ball, that changes its direction, known as a 'screw shot' in the 19th century. The inside or outside of the foot is used to kick and curl the ball. It may happen in free kicks, shots from the outer surface of the penalty area and crosses.

Curled ball - Another term used for a curve ball, a ball kicked in way that it takes a bent or curved course.

Curva - An Italian term used for seating location (as it looks like curve or form bending shape) at football stadiums, particularly in Italy. It is generally placed behind the goals in the particular stadiums and has the most vocal fans seating inside them, often called Ultras.
Curved ball    When players kick a ball that moves in a bent path in the air.

Custodian - Another term used for ‘goalkeeper’.  The main positions of association football are handled by the goalkeeper, whose main job is to prevent the other team from scoring

D


Danger zone - The term describes a location anywhere in the box where a player can possibly score a goal.

Dangerous ball - One of the most subtle situations where players did not catch the ball well and it lies within the penalty area.  

Danubian style - Conventionally most famous football formation that is similar to the 2-3-5.

Dead ball - A situation when the ball is stationary (generally not in play) in case of throw-in, corner kick, goal kick, free kicks, and kick off time.

Dead kick - When players kick long and the ball falls outside the field, in such situation the play is considered dead.   Any points gained before the dead kick is added up into the final score of the team.

Dead leg - A situation where a leg of a player is severely numbed, stiffened or cramped due to deliberate or accidental kick during a game.

Deep - Refers to the location of a player (for e.g. the defense or midfield) who is generally playing nearer to their own goal than usual. A defense might drop deep next to a team with attacking players, to lessen the amount of gap behind the defense for quicker players to break into.

Deep lying - Refers to the extremely esteemed midfielders who can fit into any formations and systems easily,  offers an additional dimension, and edge to attack while rarely carry out the hard work in defense.

Defence - The act to stop other team players from scoring. When the opposing team has the ball, it's the responsibility of the defense to stop them. Defenses also attempt to get the ball through a turnover like mishandling or interception.

Defend - Resisting an attack made by the striker to score a goal.

Defender - Someone who defends. An outfield player, allocated to a defensive position. This player tries to stop the opposing team from scoring goals. Defenders are of four types such as center-back, sweeper, full-back, and wing-back.

Derby - A match played between two teams, which are rivals or located in the same region. Games between two competitors which are located in the region of close geographical proximity are often referred to as a local derby, or simply called a derby. The term is generally associated with association football and the media and followers will often refer to this contest as Derby Day.

Designated player rule - This rule permits football clubs in the US to acquire an overseas player for a higher amount or pay them more than the normal limit.

Direct free kick - A free-kick from which the possibility of the scoring goal increases directly as no other player touches the ball.
Dirty work    Firm defending that simply means not attacking the goal of opposing team. For e.g. Young, one of the good players does all the dirty work, by allowing the midfielders pushing higher up the pitch.

Disallow - When referee declares that a goal is invalid due to a violation of rule or foul.

Discipline - The practice of making football players obeys rules or standards of behavior and punishing them in-case when they do not. A disciplined player can play amazingly on the football field.

Dissent - Violating the laws of the game, whereby a player uses insulting language or signals towards authority. In extreme cases, this might result in yellow or red cards.

Distribute - When goalkeeper moves the ball from one side to another, that means, he/she "distribute" the ball by kicking, punting, or throwing it.

Dive - Falling deliberately on the ground when opposing team player tries to tackle you so that the referee awards a foul and the player gets the free kick to score a goal.  

Diving - An attempt by a player to get an unnecessary benefit by falling to the ground and perhaps pretending an injury that creates the impression of foul committed by opposing team member. It is executed to gain free kicks or penalty kicks that provide scoring opportunities or yellow or red card to the opposing player.

Divisions - Simply a pointer that shows the quality of the football team, playing under different level. The major football playing countries have a number of divisions in which teams usually play each other twice a season and the one who remains at the top gets promotion and while at the bottom gets relegation.

Doing a Leeds - The phrase used in English football that signifies the potentially terrible consequences for home clubs in financial mismanagement. It occurs after the quick turn down of Premier League club Leeds United F.C., who spend a lot in the 2000s to achieve domestic and profitable European success, which was capped by a single appearance in the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League.

Double - This term describes the accomplishment of winning the domestic league and a primary cup in the same season. It simply means defeating a home and away team in the same league season, an achievement often addressed as doing the double over the same opponent.

Draw - A match's result in which both teams have scored the equal number of goals also called a tie.

Draw lots - Deciding which team will progress to the next stage by using lots thrown or drawn as both the teams' ends on a draw in all their group matches.

Dribble - When a player moves the ball forward at their feet and surpasses one or more defenders, typically in a twisting run. A successful dribble can create good opportunities to score a goal.

Dribbling - The skill of the player to take the ball past an opposing team player while being in control, whether by executing a sequence of simple taps or incredible moves around a foe.

Dribbling game - The game mainly focuses on dribbling skills i.e. players move a ball along the ground with frequent small taps or unbelievable moves around an opponent, without losing ball control.

Drop back - This term means backing away from the scrimmage line i.e. for some time period when players play very close to their own goal than usual e.g. for defending against an attacking move or for defending a lead.

Drop ball - A process of beginning a football game again that includes the referee dropping the ball between players of both the team who must contend to get the ball after it hits the field.

Dubbin - A leather protector, which has been used by footballers on their boots before adding polish. Generally, a wax material soften, condition and protects the leather from water.

Dummy - The trick used to mislead the opposing team into thinking that you are playing the ball, however, in reality, you allow the ball to go without touching it. It is a clever move executed by a player receiving a pass from a partner.

E


El Clásico - The name entitled to any matches between violent rivals Real Madrid and FC Barcelona. Initially, it referred only to those contests, which generally held in the Spanish championship, but today the term has become broader and involve every single match between these two clubs, for e.g. UEFA Champions League, Copa del Rey and more. Apart from the UEFA Champions League Final, it is referred to as one of the leading club football games in the world that grab most audience as compared to other annual sporting events.  

Elevator team - More commonly known as a yo-yo club, a sporting side which is regularly promoted and relegated. The phrase is used for referring promotion and relegation from the Premier League.

Elimination - Defeating a team so that it cannot continue more in a competition. Generally, Knockout Stage is a single-elimination round in which teams play with each other to decide the clear winner, as there is no possibility of draws; extra time or penalty kicks.
Equaliser    A term used to refer goal which brings the scores level.

Euro - European Football Championship - Also known as, the UEFA European Championship, the main association football contest organized for the senior men's national teams who are the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) to find out the continental champion of Europe.

Europa league - Since 1971, UEFA organizes a yearly football club contest for qualified European football clubs. Clubs usually meet the criteria for the competition on the basis of their performance in the national leagues and cup competitions. After UEFA Champions League, it is considered as the second-tier contest of European club football. In this competition, group stage consists of 12 groups with four teams each (in a double round robin), with teams ending on the top two spots in each group move ahead. Later four rounds of two-legged knockout rounds and a one-off final held that decides the real champion.

European Champion Clubs' Cup - A competition conducts yearly by UEFA for the clubs who win the UEFA Champions League. It is also called as the European Cup, earlier than being renamed for the 1992–93 season onwards.

European Champions League - Introduced in 1955 and now known as the UEFA Champions League (shortened as UCL), a football competition arranged by the UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) that is held between top-tier European Clubs.  Initially, it was started as a straight knockout tournament only for the champion club of each national championship, but later in 1992, it was opened for multiple entrants from specific countries.

European Cup Winners' Cup - Now it is known as UEFA Cup Winners' Cup organized yearly by the new winners of all European domestic cup competitions. Its first competition was held in the 1960–61 season and the final competition took place in 1998–99, later than which it was engrossed into the UEFA Cup.

European night - A night when champions league games i.e. European football competition are played on the ground.
European Super Cup     Now, known as the UEFA Super Cup, an annual competition played between the UEFA Champions League winner and UEFA Europa League winner at the beginning of the domestic season.

Exhibition match - A football match, which is not part of any contest, but instead plays a big role in evaluating the skills of all the players.

Expulsion - The penalty from a foul in which player must leave the game and cannot be replaced.

Extra time - An additional period of 30 minutes included after the game when both teams have an equal score or goalless. This period is divided into two halves of 15 minutes each and still, if there is no result, then the match is decided through a penalty shootout.

F


F.A. - The governing organization of association football in England, the top needs of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. It appeared in 1863 to supervise all parts of the amateur and professional game in its country.

F.A. Cup - Commonly referred to as The Football Association Challenge Cup, is a knockout football contest that takes place annually in men's domestic English football. The first cup was held during the 1871–72 season and it's still continuing.

FA Cup - One of the oldest football contests in the world. The Football Association Challenge Cup (FA Cup) was first organized in the 1871–1872 season and continues until now. It is a knockout contest with teams chosen arbitrarily in a 'draw' that is shown live on television.  It determines which team plays at their home field and which one plays away. In this cup, if the scores of both the team are level after 90 minutes, then match is usually played again at a different stadium and still, there is no result, the lottery of a penalty shoot-out decide which team goes to the next level.

Fair play rule - A new tiebreaker rule implemented in the group stage of FIFA World Cup 2018.  In the group stage, teams usually play just three games and it's not possible to have ties amongst the group. In such case, FIFA implemented a series of tiebreakers, when both the teams have equal points, equal goal difference, and scored the same number of goals in an ongoing match; their result would be on the basis of a number of yellow cards issued to both the team. According to the fair play rule, any team having less number of yellow cards will win the match.

Fairs Cup - A European football competition (started at 1955 and ends at 1971), was organized to endorse international trade fairs. Friendly games were frequently played between teams comes from cities which hold trade fairs and later become open for more countries.

False nine - Refers to a player who begins in the position of a striker, usually wears the number nine shirt, instead of running, stays where he is or moves backward; so play a midfield role and fool the opponent by pretending he is an attacking player.

Fan - A generic football admirer who doesn't really follow any special club or league, but plays a major role at times when major tournaments or games like the World Cup, Champions League, etc. take place by supporting their favorite team or player all around the world.

Fan park - Big open spaces where people can watch the live football event on a big television screen. This area remains away from grounds, most probably in the city centers where large television screens are placed for fans to watch big tournaments like the World Cup.

Fans - Someone who admires and supports a team or player. The 12th man in football is referred to fans, as these people cheers for their favorite team or players, make noise to increase motivation among them and supports them in every condition.  

Fans' favourite - Refers to a player who is extremely popular among fans of a club or nation.

Far corner - The corner of the playing field extreme away from where the ball is.

Far post - Goal post farthest from the player in possession of the ball. To aim for the far post, players need to strike across the goalkeeper.

Far side - Refers to the opposite side of the playing field where the player is located with the ball.

Fast surface - The term refers to the pitch surface that allows more roll. The speed of the surface usually influences how the ball plays. Players often prefer a natural surface over artificial as it offers better ball controlling and playability.

FC - Initials for “football club”.  It is most often used in European soccer leagues. For e.g. The Manchester United F.C. is known as the top football clubs in the English Premier League from decades.

Feeder club - One of the football clubs whose responsibilities include offering the first-team experience to younger players with a formal or informal contract in which the successful players can move on to the bigger club.

Feign injury - The dramatic behavior in which players started screaming and hurling themselves onto the ground, no matter how slight the body contact is, it forces referees to make a decision against the opponent and they get a free kick reward.

Field of play - The playing surface for the game either natural or artificial whose proportions and markings usually defined by Law 1 of the Laws of the Game.

FIFA - Fédération Internationale de Football Association known as FIFA, in short, is the international federation governing association football.  It was formed in 1904 as the governing body of football, beach soccer, and futsal. The association headquarters works from Zurich, Switzerland and is in charge of organizing and promoting many international tournaments like the World Cup and the Women’s World Cup.  Initially, FIFA were seven member countries that include France, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland, but now, there are 211 member nations.

Fifty fifty - When players of both the team run for the ball at the same time and have the equal possibility of winning the ball.

Final - The end of a tournament or series of the tournament.

Final match - The last game of the football tournament, which will decide the winner or champion.

Final tournament - Last competition in which teams play a series of games to determine an overall champion or winner.

Final whistle - When the referee blows a whistle that depicts it's time to end the game.

Finishing - When a player playing up close to the goal and converting most of the passes from his/her teammate into a goal. It does not matter whether you are a defender, a midfielder or a striker, every football players must know the skills of beginning a good finisher.

First Division - The top-level division in the EFL (English football league system). The major football playing countries have a number of divisions where teams usually play with each other double in a season. Those at the peak get promotion and those at the bottom are relegated.

First eleven - Refers to the 11 main players selected in a professional football team.

First half - Refers to the initial 45 minutes of a play, followed by a break.

First team - A best team of any football club which has eleven players on the field and the substitutes.

First time - Transferring the ball to a team member with one single touch when a player received a pass.

First touch - When a player quickly gets the chance to touch the ball with their foot, body or head. The game becomes faster with the time that demands more speed from the player. At this level, the requirement for first-time passes and precise first touch on the ball remain extremely high.

Fixture - Refers to the matches, which are scheduled, and still to be played.

Fixture congestion - The situation in which a team needs to play many matches in a short time-frame. This is due to bad weather that usually postponed matches, causing fixture congestion, where the team needs to play extra matches to fill the postponed match's gaps in a short period of time.

Fixture list - The term refers to a list of the games that a football team is scheduled to play.

Flag - A yellow cloth used in American football by the referee to discover and sometimes mark the spot of penalties or infractions that take place during normal play. It is also called a penalty flag.

Flat back four - A set of four defenders who reside in a straight line across the playing field.

Flexibility - The term used to describe wider ranges of motion i.e. the ability of a player to use power through the complete range movement of a joint. It reduces injury chances, improves agility, and increase the field's performance.

Flick - To move or hit the ball with a short sudden movement. The player's ability to use their foot to 'flick' the ball into gaps so that he/she might run onto the ball.

Flick on - Refers to the skill that involves passing the ball to the teammate with only a single touch. Instead of stopping the ball, the player gets the ball and with a fast, single motion, passes it to the team member either by redirecting the ball or giving it extra momentum.

Flighted ball - Refers to a ball that floats through the air over everyone else.

Floodlights - Wide-rays high-intensity non-natural light that is often used to light up football stadiums when a game is held during low-light conditions.

Fluke - This term describes that something in the game has only occurred due to luck for e.g. a lucky shot or pass that turn out to be in the favor of the team or player.

Flying kick - Striking the ball from where it is free under position other than its having been located there or dropped from the hands of a kicker to be hit. This kick is invalid in American football, however, can be used in Canadian Football.

Folha seca - A freekick technique. The name generally means “dry leaf” in Portuguese and refers to brutally swinging knuckle-ball freekicks in football history.

Football - An extended inflated rubber bladder tapers to a point at every end and used for playing games (soccer). Although often being called as a pigskin, a football is in fact covered with pebble-grained leather or cowhide. To get a better grip, white laces are sewn on one side of the football.

Football Association - The governing organization of association football in England. Its responsibility is to oversee all facets of the amateur and professional game in its country.

Football club - An association of players, managers, owners, or members connected with a particular football team.

Football League - Football clubs association, which organizes games between member teams of an equivalent standard. The association also known as English Football league (EFL) was founded in 1888 featuring proficient football clubs from England and Wales.

Football League Cup - After Premier league and FA Cup, it is counted as the third top-tier domestic football competitions in England.  It is also called The EFL Cup as organized by the English Football League annually.

Football programme - A planned series of football events or games. The acquisition of a football programme has long been part of the custom of making a presence in every football matches in Great Britain, with a pint and/or a pie.

Football pyramid - The term used for an English football league system in which a series of consistent leagues for men's association football clubs in England, with five teams from Wales and one from Guernsey, compete against each other.

Football Writers' Association - An organization of football reporters and journalists writing for English newspapers and agencies. It provides Footballer of the Year Award, the oldest and most illustrious award presented in the home game.
Footballer    Someone who professionally plays football games.

Footballer of the Year - An award offered annually to the player who is deemed to have been the best player of the whole season.

Footwork - The way in which players move their feet in football.  It is a clever movement with the feet used to avoid opposing team players or dribbling the ball.

Foreign - A player who is playing for a different country or club team, rather than his or her own country. The main reason behind player attraction towards the overseas team is the higher level of play and the amount of money associated.

Foreign players - Players involved in the team from two different countries. The clubs always look to strengthen their team to become more successful, thus, doors are always open for foreign players, who have great physical and mental ability to play and win a game.

Form - This term refers to either a player or a team’s current performance. A key characteristic of the idea of form is that it influences potential success.

Formation - This term describes the positions of player on the field. Many variants are possible on both sides of the ball, it all depends on the strategy the team follows. The most admired formation is four defenders, four midfielders and two on an attack.

Forward - The position of the player who plays closest to the goal of opposing team and has the responsibility to score goals. The forward advanced position and partial defensive roles give them a chance to score more goals on behalf of other players in their team.

Forward line - Forwards consisting primarily of "strikers" and "wingers" who play cooperatively on the field to score maximum goals.

Foul - An unfair or unacceptable play, especially one involving intervention with the opposing team member. Simply, it means the violation of the Laws of the Game; players who commit fouls are penalized by the referee and the opposing team get a reward such as a free-kick or a penalty.

Foul throw - If the players fail to throw the ball as per the necessary process or deliver it from a mark other than where the ball left the football pitch, the throw-in is granted to the other team which is commonly called as a "foul throw".

FourFourTwo - Refers to a football magazine, which is an issue and publish by Future group every month. The magazine name is derived from the football formation of the similar name, 4-4-2.

Fourth division - Formed in 1958 and discontinued in 1992, the fourth-highest division in the English football league system. The twelve best teams of all regional leagues in 1957–58 went into the Third Division, and all other became founder members of the Fourth Division.

Fourth official - Someone who helps the referee in different tasks, and can be called upon for replacing another match official. Their main responsibilities include administrative functions, managing substitutions, look out technical areas, maintaining decorum in the teams and assisting referee all time.

Free kick - An opportunity to kick the ball freely i.e. no player from other team gets involved. It usually takes place when a player from the opposing team has broken or not followed one of the fundamental playing rules.

Freestyle football - The art of performing various tricks on a football by any part of the body. It has no restriction. Everyone has a free spirit to do whatever he or she wants with the football.

Friendly - Match competed between two teams without any competitive value (no obligation of rules), such as a player's memorial or a warm-up game before a season starts.

Friendly matches - The term used for football matches that are not competitive fixtures. These matches are held for different reasons like for settling a challenge, for entertainment, for promoting football, for remembering an anniversary of a famous player or for charity purpose.

Front block tackle - When the defender meets up the opposing player face to face and then blocks the ball with the inside of the foot.  It is one of the useful ways to deal with an attacker, who carries the ball directly on the way to a defender.

Frozen pitch - Refers to the hard pitches of ground. Playing on a frozen pitch can cause significant injuries to any part of the body, however, mostly affect ankle foot, knees, and back.

Full blooded drive - A kick on the ball with great commitment and enthusiasm.

Full international - Refers to a player who plays the complete span of an international game.

Full side - The term described the setting up of all eleven team members on the playing field. In a full side game, the coach has three to five practically enthusiastic defenders to include into the defensive tactic.

Full team - Refers to the group of 11 players (including the goalkeeper) playing for a country or club.

Full time - The end of a football match. Usually a match is played between two halves of 45 minutes each (total 90 minutes), however, a 15-minute half-time break is there between halves.

Fullback - This term refers to a player on the attacking team whose place is behind the quarterback. Typically, fullbacks are superior to halfbacks and in most attacking plans their responsibilities are split between control runnings, pass catching, and blocking either the quarterback or the other running back.

Futsal - A variation of association football, which is played on a hard court (mainly indoor), whose pitch remain smaller than a football pitch. The two teams having five players each, including one goalkeeper competes against each other. Infinite substitutions are allowed in this game. With the minute nature of the pitch, the players need to pay much more close control and have good technique on the ball to win the league.

G

Gaffer - British slang used for a manager of a football team.

Game - A match played between two teams of 11 players, trying to move the ball into the opposing team’s goal. The team that scores maximum wins a game.

Game 39 - A projected additional round of matches in the Premier League that are played at neutral locations outside England.

Game of two halves - Refers to the condition when one team plays superior in each half of the game. For e.g. In the Champions League Final in 2005, AC Milan scored three goals in the first half and looks like they were going to win, but, in the second half, Liverpool scored three goals and force extra time and finally attain win on penalties which is termed as a game of two halves.

Gazza - The nickname entitled to Paul John Gascoigne who was born and raised in Gateshead. He was a former English professional football player and manager who received 57 caps during his career.

Ghost game - The term used as a part of match-fixing, as gamblers understand that it is easy to create a dishonest fixture that doesn’t live as compared to paying players for a fixed result. Illegal people seeking to cheat the betting industry and its customers essentially link to this act.

Ghost goal - Refers to the doubtful goal, usually relating improbability whether a ball exactly crossed the goal line or not. It might be wrongly awarded to the team without the ball ever crossed the goal line and, on the other hand, the term might be in the condition when the ball crosses the goal-line, but the referee unnoticed it.

Giant killing - The thrilling experience of lower-ranked clubs beating the elite opposition in knockout competitions. This joy of a 'giant-killing' is extremely anticipated by fans and audience.

Give and go - The most essential passing combination, which involves two teammates and two passes to get around, for beating a single defender.  Generally, the player having the ball dribbles at the defender closely, then passes it to a teammate who has come in the direction of the defender, receive the pass immediately and return it to his teammate.  

Gloves - A covering on the hands of goalkeepers, having separate parts for the thumb and each finger that provides warmness and complete wrist protection.  Gloves offer a better grip on the ball, defend and cushion goalkeeper's fingers and palms, and help them block, catch and punch the ball.

Go ahead goal - A goal at last minutes of a game that puts one team ahead of an opponent team (breaking a tie condition).

Goal - The specified area where every team needs to focus on, whether it's defending or scoring! It's a designated region, between the "goal line", the "goal posts", and the "crossbar", that players try to propel the football in order to score maximum points. The goal is the only way of scoring in association football. Any hit on goal is called a "shot".

Goal aggregate - The total goals count from teams that play each other once at home and once away. This is generally used in the knock-out stage of a contest, such as UEFA Champions' League or UEFA Cup. The team scoring maximum goals over two matches will go to the next phase.

Goal area - A place for the goal kick to be taken and a defense zone for dropped balls and for other teams indirect free kicks inside six yards of the goal.

Goal average - The total number of goals scored by one team divided by the total number of goals scored by another team, earlier it was as a process to decide the position of teams with the equal number of points.

Goal box - Specifically, the goal area also referred to as a 6-yard box, which sets the limit for the player to take a goal kick.

Goal celebrations - The practice of enjoying the moment after scoring a goal. The celebration is usually carried out by the player who scores goal along with his teammate,  manager or coaching staff and/or the fans of the team.

Goal difference - Refers to a type of tiebreaker, use to grade football teams, which ends on equal points in league competition. It means the amount of goal scored by one team against others, which decides the position of teams having the same number of points.

Goal hanger - Refers to the player who always stands very nearer to the goal of opposing team and waits for an opportunity to score.

Goal kick - A kick hit by the goalkeeper when the player of attacking team kicked the ball above the goal line.
Goal line    The line at both ends of a playing field on which the goal located or which the ball must pass for scoring a goal or touchdown.

Goal line clearance - A method of resuming play again. A goal clearance is given when the complete ball passes over the goal line, either on the ground or in the air, with the last touch by a player of the attacking team, and a goal is not scored according to the Law 10.

Goal line technology - The use of electronic aid for determining whether a goal has been scored or not. It is used by the referee to make the right decision by checking whether the ball has totally crossed the goal line in between the goal posts and beneath the crossbar.  

Goal net - A wide frame (approx. 6.4 meters) with a net fixed.  Football players only play with an aim to pass on the goal net and score a point for the team.

Goal of the century - One of the unforgettable goals scored by the legendary Diego Maradona in the 1986 World Cup over England. This goal can be watched repeatedly, and no players or fans get sick of it.

Goal poacher - Refers to a player having a great ability to score goals, particularly while maneuvering around the opposing team's penalty area. The players have good scoring skills and their instincts permit them to take a scoring chance that most other players wouldn’t even attempt.

Goalkeeper - Player positioning on the goal-line and in the penalty region. The goalkeeper main function is to prevent the opposing team from scoring- they can use their whole body to stop the goal.

Goalmouth - The region just in front of the goal. This region of the football field always turns out to be the scene of desperate defending.

Goalmouth scramble - When defenders of any team are desperately attempting to clear the ball and attackers are equally trying hard to put the ball in the goal. In such a situation, no one has complete control over the ball; therefore, it bounces awkwardly, bounces off other players or posts, and cannot be restricted.

Goalpost - One of the two vertical posts, usually eight feet tall each, with a bar along the top or across the middle, that form the goal structure.

Goalpost[s] - The two perpendicular posts located 24 feet distant that extend 8 feet elevated, forming goal sides and supporting the crossbar.

Goals against - The number of goals scored against the team by their opponents.

Goals for - Refers to the goals scored by a team this season.

Goalscoring - The act to score goals in a game. Each team focuses on scoring at one end of the field, while also keeping their opponent away from scoring to their side. Nets are often fixed to the goal frame to catch goal scoring balls.

Goalside - The area right away beside the goal on a playing field. The main aim of being goalside is creating difficulties for the opponent to score a goal.

Gold Cup - The CONCACAF flagship competitions organized for national teams. The Gold Cup initially started in 1991, and later CONCACAF Championship replaced it. It is held every two years with a 12-nation field including three from North America, five from Central America, and four from the Caribbean.

Golden Generation - The term refers to a group of skillful football players of the same age who attain success or predicted to achieve success for their country. Sometimes called a golden team which is an extremely gifted group of similar age players, whose achievements already surpass or will definitely surpass the level of success achieved by the previous team of the same country.

Golden goal - In certain football games, the first goal scored by a player in additional time, which wins the game for his/her team. Football’s lawmakers wanted implementing a way to make the additional time more thrilling and less defensive-minded, thus in 1993, a new concept Golden goal was introduced that defines the first team scoring in extra time would immediately win the particular game.

Governance - The action or approach of governing football organizations, matches, etc. It comprises the method need to stable the powers of the associated members and their main responsibility of promoting the event.

Governor or Guv'nor - Refers to someone who is in a position of authority over the team.

Greasy surface - The football playing surface covered with water due to heavy rainfall.

Great Britain - An island lying off the western coast of Europe includes four constituent countries i.e. England, Scotland, and Wales often termed the United Kingdom (UK). Here association football is organized separately as they all have a national football association accountable for the whole management of football within their own country. The UK has no national football team.

Groin - The inguinal part between the stomach and the thigh on both side of the pubic bone. Groin pulls are common in football players, as they have to do a lot of running and jumping on the field.

Ground - Refers to an area of land, often with connected buildings, used for playing football matches.

Groundhopping - The activities of supporters who are going to watch all football games played at different stadiums and grounds around the world.

Group - A set of eleven players who play for one team.

Group of death - In the initial stage of a football cup competition, a group consists of more than a few best teams, not all of whom can go onto the next level.

Group phase or stage - In association football, the first division of a cup competition played in which teams are divided into groups and each group play against each other. The winners of every group then pass onto the next part of the competition.

Group play - Dividing the participating teams into different groups and playing games against a group team.  Three points are given to a winning team and 1 point in case of a tie.  There is no extra time or shootout take place in group play.

H

Half - Two equal parts of full time. Football matches generally played in two halves and each half is 45 minutes long, between the two halves, there is a 15-minute long interval, which is not included in the total playing time i.e. 90 minutes.

Half back - An attacking player who positioned behind the front line and running with the ball.  Also termed as “midfielder" standing between the forwards and the defenders.

Half time - The term refers to the two 15 minutes interval given between the football match. At this time frame, players get a chance to rest and seek guidance from their coach, also it gives chance to the referees for reviewing cautions, dismissals, the official scoring and talk about the first half of play.

Half volley - One of the ways to hit football. It is a complex skill in which the player needs to hit the ball just after it hits the ground. If the player performed the half-volley correctly then it becomes difficult for opposing team to stop the shot as it is hit with extreme power.

Halfway line -  A line across a football field, which divides the playing area equally in two parts and have equidistant from both the goals.

Hand of God - This term refers to a goal scored by the legendary Deigo Maradona, during the 3rd quarterfinal of 1986 WC. There was a match between Argentina and England, where Maradona scored the first goal after 51 minutes by using his hand and it was said to be the "Hand of God goal".

Handbags - This term is used to depict a condition where two or more players are approaching and pushing each other, more often after a terrible tackle. The slang "It’s only handbags" means that the dispute or argument is not severe and it will not become violent for sure.

Handball or handball - A deliberate act of a player, except the goalkeeper of the team, making connections with the ball with the hand or arm.  In such a situation, one team screams for a penalty, while the others claim it was an accident.

Hard man - Refers to the bustling, high-energy player who has the character for playing extremely physical and, often, injury-inflicting defense on the field.

Hat trick - The term describes the achievement of a player who scored three goals in a single game. According to official record-keeping rules, penalty-kick goals are considered but goals in a penalty shootout are expelled from the tally.  In an international game, the first hat-trick was against England on 2 March 1878 by a Scottish player John McDougall. In the FIFA World Cup, Bert Patenaude an American player Bert got the first hat-trick against Paraguay in the opening event.

Head on - Striking the ball with the head; Heading techniques are very crucial in football when the match is played near the goal.  
Head to head    Direct competition between two same level football teams.

Header - When players made a shot or pass with the head.

High foot - The term used when two players are in the equal stage to get the possession of the ball, however, one of them moves up his/her leg above the waist.

Hold - A penalty charged when a player of one team grabs the player of opposing team in order to gain an advantage.

Hold up the ball - When a player playing in a forward position, controls, and shields the long ball (received from the teammate) from the opposing team, with the aim of slowing the play and allowing teammates to join the attack.

Holding midfielder - The midfielder who stays close to the defensive team, while others might go onward to attack. This player has the responsibility to create short and simple passes for the more attacking players of their team, however, at some point even try difficult passes according to the situations.

Hole - The playing area between the defense and the midfield, which is used to create confusion among the opposition. It is usually the area behind the striker where the playmaker uses the gaps to attract defenders and open the striker.

Hollywood ball - A pass kicked from a long way that has very less chance to reach the intended player.

Home and away - Football is often played between two teams, in which one is the home team (playing in its home city) and other is the away team (from a different city).

Home field - This term describes the advantage that the home team is supposed to get over the outsider team. This advantage has been recognized to emotional effects of fans on the opponents or referees; to psychological or physiological benefits of playing in familiar conditions.

Home International Championship - A former yearly competition founded in 1884 and discontinued in 1984, was played between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, the national teams of United Kingdom.  

Home countries or nations - Refer a group of countries that includes England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland along with the whole island of Ireland.

Home truth - A significant truth about a team or player that is objectionable to acknowledge.

Honours - Refers to the observances of admiration. A reward, prize, or title that players or team received publically.  For e.g. Football Players of the Week, Three Stars of the Week, etc.

Hooligans - Fearless supporters who are well known for being aggressive and destructive during a match. It is simply a disorder, violent or destructive behavior committed by spectators during the championship organized by association football. It usually involves argument between gangs also referred to as football firms in English, whose main aim is to threaten and physically attack the supporters of opposing teams. Many clubs have rivalries with different clubs since long and hooliganism make it more severe during the game.

Hospital ball - A weak or inaccurate pass, which can be easily received by a player from either team, increasing the risk of the players being injured.

Host - A country or an organization/club that offers the venues and other necessary things for playing football tournaments. Since inaugural World Cup in 1930, seventeen countries have hosted FIFA World Cup yet.

Howler - This term describes a horrible mistake committed by a particular player during a match. Due to the stupidity of a single player, the team loses the game. It doesn't happen due to bad luck or poor play but happen through complete unprofessional hopelessness shown by that particular player.

Hug the post - When goalkeeper directs his defender at the near goalpost to fill the space between the defender and the post.
Icy pitch    Pitches that need a considerable increase in the temperature to unfreeze.

I

IFAB - The organization founded in 1886 that establish the Laws of the Game of association football.  It consists of members from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and 4 representatives from FIFA.

In form - Refers to the player or team who is in good form.

In play - Competing against an opposing team in a game.

Indirect free kick - Refers to a free kick from which a kicker cannot score a goal until at least one player other than him has touched the ball.

Indomitable Lions - The nickname offered to the team Cameroon, known as the biggest football power of Africa.

Infringement - Refers to violation of laws of the game, generally considered as a foul when committed by a player (not a substitute), on the playing field, and committed against an opposing team.

Injured - Refers to a player who is physically harmed. Football players always at the risks of some common injuries during a game i.e. ankle sprain, jones fracture, anterior cruciate ligament (acl) tear, meniscus tear, adductor strain, and hamstring strain.

Injury - Physical harm to the player's body caused by mistakes or other team's attack. There is always a risk of injury while playing a football match, no matter how good a player you are. You must be aware of the risks and know what steps to be taken to play as safely as possible.

Injury time - Extra time included at the end of each half to fill up the time loss (match is stopped) during the games due to fouls, injuries, time-wasting, or technical issues.

Inside forward - Position of an attacking player (inside right and inside left) near to the center of the field. They usually support the center-forward, running and making gaps in the defense of opposition and create passes as the passing game progress. Their role is generally equivalent to the "hole" or second striker position.

Inside left - Refers to the position of an attacking player close to the center of the field, to the left of the center-forward.

Inside right - Refers to the position of an attacking player close to the center of the field, to the right of the center-forward.

Inspection - Careful examination of everything related to football tournament or match, for e.g. make sure the pitch is secure, playable, the nets are safely fastened. It is useful to make a full inspection of the field and discard anything that might be unsafe.

Instep - Refers to the topmost surface of the football boots, for e.g. the laces.

Inswinger - A kick that bends in the direction of the goal. It's either a free kick from the wing or a corner kick that curves in toward the goal.

Intention - An idea that players plan to execute. Football players must train with the clear intention of playing best on the field and winning a trophy for their club. It is important to play with a focused mind.

Intercept - To seize or stop a pass made between two opposing team members.

Interchange positions - When two or more player exchange with each other.

Intercontinental Club Cup - An official international football competition formed during 1960 to 1979, authorized by the UEFA and CONMEBOL was played between these representative clubs, which are generally the winners of the European Champions' Cup (now called as the UEFA Champions League), and the South American Copa Libertadores.

Interfere - Refers to an old-time term that means preventing a defender from tackling your ball carrier in open space.

International -  A game or competition between teams representing different countries on the field. The first international football match was played between England and Scotland on 5 March 1870 at the Oval under the rights of the FA.

International break - Time frame set aside by FIFA for planned international matches according to the calendar.

International clearance - The term describes the need for clearance from foreign or overseas football associations when the transfer of a player takes place from national or international borders.

Internet news groups - A discussion about football events, tournaments, competitions, awards, etc. comprises of notes written to several Internet sites and spread everywhere through a worldwide network of news discussion groups.

Interpretation - An explanation or meaning of any football rules, for e.g. there has been a major discussion in the international football association about the interpretation and application of the Offside rule. FIFA has distorted how to interpret “purposeful play” and has been changing the interpretation and circumstances evaluation.

Intertoto cup - The European clubs disqualified from major UEFA contests, the Champions League, the UEFA Cup, and the Cup Winners' Cup played the Intertoto cup known as a summer football competition, however, it was stopped after the 2008 tournament.
Into touch    Refers to hit an opponent with the foot or move the feet and legs abruptly and violently against them.

J

Jab kick - A quick and strong kick from the outside foot to pass the ball.

Jersey - A knitted piece of clothing having long sleeves, worn over the upper body. Every football team has its own jerseys that distinguish them from the opponent team. Different clubs and teams follow different concepts and design in their Jerseys.

Jockey - This term refers to the one-on-one strategy employed by the "first defender" to handle and control the "first attacker" on the field. To “jockey”, players usually wish to position themselves between the ball carrier and the goal.

Journeyman - Refers to a player who has played for numerous clubs during his career. He is the one who can never be a part of one club a long time and shifted to different clubs frequently.

Jumpers for goal - When people play football in the park without having any physical goals, jumpers are positioned on the ground to represent goal posts.

K


Keeper - Refers to the goalkeeper, a designated player, whose responsibility is to stop the opposing team from scoring by cutting off shots at goal.  Goalkeeper generally moves into the path of the ball and either catch it or direct it away from the area of the goal line. Usually, special rules are applied to them that do not relate to other players. Like within the penalty area goalkeepers can use their hands and wear different colored kits from their teammates.

Keepie uppie - The ability of the player to juggle football without allowing it to touch the ground by using feet, lower legs, knees, chest, shoulders, and head. It is also known as keep-ups or kick-ups.

Keepy uppy - Refers to the act of keeping a football off the ground by bouncing it frequently on a foot, knee, or head except using hand or arm.

Kick - Hitting the ball forcefully with the foot. With no chance to use hands or arms (except goalkeepers), kicking creates a way to pass the ball from one place to another and score a goal. Mastering the different kick style may be a great weapon during a game.

Kick and run - When a player kicks the ball and everyone runs to get its possession by little bit passing or ball control.

Kick and rush - This term refers to a move in which a player kicks the ball far down the field without necessarily aiming at a team member. The player’s team member will then sprint towards the ball in order to gain its possession.

Kickoff - Starting or resuming play in football by a placekick taken from the center spot. It is used to begin each half of play and is applicable for extra time period too. The kick-off started when the referee blows the whistle. Initially, the ball remains stationary until it is put into play by being kicked. The player who has initially kicked the ball cannot touch it again until another player has touched it.  The ball is placed on a tee at the 35-yard line of the defensive team, and the kicker tries to hit a shot as far as possible.  

Kickoff time - Refers to the period to start or resume play by a placekick (opening kick to begin or restart play).

Kit - Refers to the set of a shirt, shorts, socks, specialized footwear, and gloves for goalkeepers and other standard equipment required by a football player. Also called as a uniform or a strip.

Knockout competition - A football competition in which teams are eliminated gradually.

Knockout phase or stage - Refers to the single-elimination round in which teams play against each other, and no draws or extra time and penalty kicks are utilize to find out the winner.

Kop - Name designated to the terrace stands in stadiums, especially those directed at the back of the goals, generally connected with Liverpool F.C.
 

 

L


Laces - One of the different parts of the foot used to kick a ball. When players use the top surface part of shoes, just before the laces start, for striking the ball with power.  

Last man - The term describes a situation where an attacking player is having a ball, with only one opposing defender between the ball and the goal. If the defender commits any misconduct or fouls on the attacker, the referee often shows a red card.

Last minute goal - The term refers to a goal scored at last moment in a game, usually one that completely changes the outcome of the game. It is score either in the final or penultimate minute of allotted time or additional time. It helps the scoring team either to get the lead or to equalize.

Late tackle - A mistimed effort to take the ball from an opposing team that causes contact among players of both the team and not with the ball.

Laws of the Game - Refer to the codified rules in football. The laws refer to the number of players a team should have, the length of game, field and ball size, fouls criteria, etc. It's the responsibility of the referee to understand and implement the Laws of the Game during a match.

Lay off -  A short smooth pass into a gap that another member from the same team can run onward into, then move ahead with the ball or strike towards the goal without being slow down or stop.

Lay off pass - Refers to a short pass, generally lateral, played precisely into the gaps immediately ahead of a teammate, who is running fast to catch this pass and then creating scoring opportunity with a first-time shot.

League - A group of football clubs which play together over a period for competition. Most countries have different football leagues, usually with a sponsorship and regulation model where the top and worst teams lift up and down consequently each season.

League Cup - Knockout competition held yearly in men's domestic English football, also known as the EFL Cup or the Carabao Cup as per the sponsorship. Any club inside the top four levels of the English football league system and the three divisions of the English Football League's own league competition can participate in the League Cup.

League play - A sequence of interconnected leagues for men's association football clubs in England, including six teams from Wales also contending. This system has a hierarchical format with promotion and relegation between leagues at different levels that permit even the least club to reach the top of the system. Additionally, to regular league play, lots of Interleague and international tournaments are included which fans enjoy throughout the year.

Left [full]back - This term refers to a defensive player located on the left side of the field. The main task of Left fullback is to cover the space along their entire flank.

Left footed - This term refers to a player who can play easily with his left foot. They usually made a good shot or pass with the left foot. For e.g. at present Lionel Messi is considered as the best left-footed player in the game.

Left wing[er] - Refers to a position, which focuses on one side of the pitch on either the left or right side for most of the game. In some cases, a wing is placed on the side of their leading foot i.e. a left-footed player placed at left wing.

Libero - The term also referred to as sweeper, defines a more flexible center-back who "sweeps up" the ball if a challenger manages to break the protective line. This spot is quite more fluid than that of other defenders who man-mark their selected challenges. Libero often moves ahead to join the attack and plays in front of the defense.

Libertadores Cup - An international football cup competition played yearly by top South America's clubs. Now top clubs from Mexico are also competing for the cup. The Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL) usually organize this tournament.

Line up - A group of eleven players (a team) that have been gathered together to play a football tournament. The starting lineup players are usually referred to as starters, whereas the remaining are substitutes or bench players.

Linesmen - An earlier term used for the assistant football referee. In general, there are two linesmen present during a game, who closely scrutinize offsides and throw-ins and help the chief referee in making the right decision.

Lion of Vienna - One of the legendary footballers "Lofthouse" earned this title On 25 May 1952 by scoring his second goal in 3–2 victory of England over Austria.

Lisbon Lions - On 25 May 1967, the Celtic team who defeated Inter Milan by 2-1 and won the European Cup at the Estádio Nacional near Lisbon referred with the term Lisbon Lions.

Live coverage - A broadcast of a football competition on a radio or television channels while the game is happening. The system will have live coverage of the whole match.

Loan - When a particular player plays temporarily for other clubs than the one he is recently contracted with. Loan deals might last from a few weeks to all season-long and can keep on for numerous seasons. A club may take a player on loan if they have fewer transfer funds but can pay wages, or as a temporary alternative for injuries or suspensions.

Lob - Hitting or throwing a ball in a high arch. Football players need to master the lob shot so that they can shoot over the keeper and defenders; sometimes pass to their team member for a header or a volley.

Lofted kick -  A long, powerful, kick anticipated to hurl the ball in the air over the defender's heads to a teammate.  Also known as the lofted pass, the lofted drive, or the lofted ball, one of the best skill used by a player to deep attack, defense clearance, corner kicks, crosses, goal kicks, and free kicks.

Long ball - An attempt made by the player to travel the football a long distance down the field through one long aerial kick from both a goalkeeper and a defender directly to an attacking player, with the ball usually evading the midfield.

Long ball game - Refers to the style of playing football in which one team sends a series of long high passes towards a tall or extremely fast forward, instead of passing the ball along the ground field.

Loss - The process of losing a game. Loss happens if teams don't show commitment, remains lack of focus, weren't confident, or couldn't work on their earlier mistakes. Possibly their own fault becomes the reason of opponent's win.

Lost the dressing room - This term is used to describe a situation where the manager of any team lost the confidence of his players and is on the edge to lose his job soon.

Lout - Violent and aggressive game supporter.

M


Macca - The short name for a former English footballer Steven McManaman who played as a midfielder for Liverpool, Real Madrid, and Manchester City.

Magazines - A publication with a paper cover, issued frequently (weekly or monthly) that consists of articles, stories, photographs, and advertisements related to football teams, coaches, venues and matches.

Magic sponge - The term refers to a wet sponge, which is used throughout a football game to cure an injured player. It has a magical power to make the injured player move and play the normal game instantly.

Magical Magyars - This term is used for referring the Hungary national football team of the 1950s. It is linked with numerous important matches like the "Match of the Century" against England in 1953, and "Battle of Berne" against Brazil and many more.

Man of the match - The award offered to the excellent player in a particular match. The player can be from either team, however, mostly he or she is from the winning side.

Man on! - A player for alerting the teammate, when an opponent is approaching them to tackle, uses this term. This shows pressure is on and he/she need to pass or move the ball fast.

Man short - This term is used in reference to a team that has one player less due to a send-off.

Man to man marking - A defensive technique used during a match, in which defenders are allotted a particular opposition player to mark rather than covering an area of the playing field.

Manager - Someone responsible for running a football club or a national team. The manager's responsibilities include selecting the best team, planning the strategy, motivating players, deciding the staff roles, facing the media in pre-match and post-match meetings.
Maracanã     A short reference to the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil that was built to host the 1950 World Cup.

Mark - In man-to-man coverage, generally, the defender is supposed to mark the attacker, rather than guarding. As close as he plays to him, as tight as the marking remain; if there will be a long distance, the marking will be looser.

Marking - The action of staying nearer to an opponent in order to stop them from playing or getting the possession of the ball.

Massive - In association football, English people usually refer it huge, as in a huge game.

Master - A class for the competitors over the common age for the top level of contests.

Master class - Refers to a perfect shot taken by a player, who has great playing skill.

Match - A contest or a game where two teams compete against each other. The team who has scored the most goals in a match wins the game.

Match conditions - The term refers to the particular (past or present) situation of the match.

Match fit - When players attained a level of fitness that can only be developed by playing matches against different teams.

Match fixing - Fraudulent activity to ensure that one team wins a particular match anyhow.  Fixed matches are played to an entirely or partially pre-determined result, infringing the game's rule and law. The main reason behind this act is getting a heavy payoff from gamblers, and players intentionally perform poor during a whole match to lose the game.

Match observer - Someone who is responsible for closely observing or monitoring a match including incidences occurred, players activities and more.

Match of the day - The principal football programme highlighted by the BBC. Typically, BBC, one longest running shows telecast on Saturday evenings at some point in the English football season. It shows the highlights of the matches played in English football's top division, the Premier League.

Match presenter - Someone who presents a broadcast of live matches on television.

Match sharp - This term describes a skillful, quick, and intelligent player who performs well in the matches.

Mazy run - Refers to a long dribble, an exceptionally executed run with the ball, which creates confusion among the opposing players and allows the player with the ball to go past them easily.

Measured ball or pass - Well-calculated ball moves, which reach its preferred target, also referred to as measured shot.

Metatarsal  bone - In the forefoot, the five long bones connecting the toes to other foot bones, which bear the major weight of the body. Football players usually have broken metatarsal injury due to the constant stress, twist, improper boots, or a direct hit to the foot.

Metodo system - The term refers to the (2–3–2–3) formation that depicts the player's position on the field. Vittorio Pozzo  (former coach of the Italy National Team) developed the Metodo system as a derivation of the Danubian School. In this system, two of the forwards are pulled just in front of the midfield, created a 2–3–2–3 formation that makes stronger defense and allows effectual counter-attacks.

Mexican wave - When each football fan in the stadium stands up and puts their arms in the air following the fan sitting on their left or right side which creates a continuous wave-like motion.

Mickey Mouse cup - A subjective term used by larger Premier league clubs for English Football League Cup. Manchester United supporters first invented the term as a way of disapproving the success of Liverpool who is their consistent rivals.

Midfield - The central part of a football field. Generally, the playing pitch is divided into three parts: the back or defensive third, the midfield, and the attacking third.

Midfield anchorman - Refers to the position of a player who plays in the region between the midfielders and defenders. This player has the responsibility to foresee and cut off potential moves of opponents.

Midfield general - Refers to the central midfielder. It is an old term linked with the prehistoric 4-4-2 and fall into the holding midfielder category.

Midfielder - A player playing on the middle part of the field, between the forwards and the defenders. This player always active in the midfield, and often play offensively and defensively both.

Midlands - The area in the central part of England that plays football. Some of the cities included are Birmingham, Coventry, Nottingham, and Derby.

Minutes - An official record of the football events.

Mistimed tackle - Trying to tackle an opponent before or after they have the ball which usually leads to foul and can be shown a red card or yellow card by the referee.

Mitropa Cup - Refers to be the first international major European football cups held for club sides, but it is not continued after 1992. It was replaced by Zentropa Cup in 1951 after World War II, however, the Mitropa Cup restart again with a different name i.e. Danube Cup but only for one season.

Motty - The nickname entitled to the John Motson who hosts the quiz comedy show called "The Full Motty" based on the subject of his World Cup knowledge on the eve of his seventh World Cup.

Movement - Refers to the change of position of ball or player from one place to another.

Movement off the ball - It is a key concept for offense and defense both that defines good teamwork. A movement or run towards the ball must be like creating 2v1 situations or pulling defenders out of position. It allows a player in possession more time and choices with their planned action. The attack and movement off the ball must be at a similar speed to catch opposing team by surprise.

Multiball system - Refers to the practice with lots of balls, any of which promptly replaced when the ball went outside the playing area during a game.

Mundiale - The Arabian word uses to refer FIFA World Cup.

Mundialito - An international football competition held in 1980 in Uruguay, to remember the 50th anniversary of the World Cup.

N


Narrow the angle - A move executed by goalkeeper where he/she goes nearer to an attacker or moves to a particular spot in order to limit the angle the player can shoot at the goal.

National side or team - The group of football players that represent a country in international competitions. Remember, only a particular country's citizen can be played into the national team.

Near corner - The corner nearby to the place of the ball.

Near post - The goalpost adjacent from which a cross is made.

Near side - The term refers to the player on the left side.

Net - Frequently used alternative for "Goal", exactly refers to the corded matter attach to the goal structure which captures the football.

Neutral ground - A playing field where no team has home field advantage as both are playing away.

Neutral venue - Refers to the playing field or stadium which is not home to either of the competing team.

Newspapers -  A frequently printed document that comprises of large sheets of paper folded together, containing news, reports, contents, images, and advertisements related to football games, etc.

Nike - The sports apparel giant. Nike has become a leader in the football world that player flock to for best-performing soccer boots. The company design best football boots that are known for traction, power, and agility.

Nil - The term uses to describe score "zero" that means no goal in a game.  In the UK, if none of the team scores a goal, then it is counted to be: nil-nil or nil-nil draw.

Nod - Refers to heading the ball without huge force.

Non league football - The unprofessional football league played externally apart from the top leagues of a country.

North - Football came to North America in the 1860s, and by the mid-1880s unofficial matches had been held between Canadian and American teams. North American leagues and tournaments saw a combination of qualified players in 1967, starting with the comprehensive importation of overseas teams to represent American cities, a year later, the North American Soccer League (NASL) was formed. It is a professional soccer league for men whose headquarter is in New York City.

Not fit - The player who is incompatible for the match due to his/her health condition, injury or any other reason.  

Nutmeg - When the player put the ball through legs of an opponent while either dribbling or passing. The player is said to be ‘nutmegged’ or ‘megged’ when the opposing team player effectively dribbles, pushes, rolls or passes the ball easily through his legs. An effective nutmeg draws out praise from supporters while demoralizing the confidence of an opponent. However, an unsuccessful attempt often keeps down the momentum of their team.

O


O.G. - Acronym for "Own Goal", in which a player makes a goal on their own side rather than the opponent team. It is an embarrassing blunder happen due to the defensive strength of opponent or by an accident.

Obstruction - Impeding the movement of an opponent, although the ball is not within the reach of both the players.  It happens in every football match where an opponent teammate stands in the way of other team players, touching him from side-to-side and make sure the ball is protected.

OFC - Acronym for The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) that supervise the football events in Oceania. The confederation includes members of Island nations such as Tonga, New Guinea, New Zealand, Papua Fiji, and other Pacific Island states. It endorses the matches in Oceania and permits the member nations to be eligible for the FIFA World Cup.

Off season - The time frame of the year during in which games are not played. It is often between the completion of one season and the beginning of the next.

Off the ball - The activities take place away from the football pitch. Most of the activities on the football field carried out near the ball when players are handling the ball, passing it, striking or tackling, but at times there are some actions goes on away from the ball which is called ‘off the ball‘.

Official match - Football matches played after the approval or authorization of a governing authority.

Officials - Someone (usually the main referee and 2 assistant referees), who is in charge to ensure that the players follow the laws of the game.

Offside - Codified in Law 11 of the Laws of the Game, this law suggests that if an attacking player is offside when the ball is passed to them, they don't have to violate the rules by being closer to the goal than a defending player.  Being in an offside position is not a foul, but a player reached such place when the ball is played by a team member, it can be reviewed guilty of an offside offense if they become "involved in lively play", "obstructing with an opponent", or "gaining an advantage" by being in that position.

Offside law - This law, codified in Law 11 of the Laws of the Game, affirm that a player will be offside when he/she are in the opponents' half and any part of their body i.e. head, body or legs is nearer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent.

Offside trap - A move used by the defending team to puts an attacking team player in an offside position. Defenders usually step higher up the playing field at the correct moment, sending-off attackers in an offside position just prior to their team member pick out a pass to them.

Olympic Games - A significant international event held every four years, that features summer and winter sports. It is known that in 776 BC, the first Olympic Games were organized. Association football has been taking part in every Summer Olympic Games as a competitive sport for men, excluding 1896 and 1932. Women's football was added to the official line up in Atlanta 1996.

Olympic goal - A goal attains directly off a corner kick without being touch by another player. This exclusive goal was named after Cesareo Onzari’s (renowned Argentine striker) corner kick that turns right away into the goal in a 1924 friendly against Uruguay.  This kind of goal rarely occurs as it needs a perfect position, perfect ball rotation and a little bit of luck.

On the ball - Players who are alert, informed, and aware of what is happening in the game.

On the day - Refers to the activities take place during a particular period for the team or player or match. For e.g. On the day of the AFL Grand Final, the best player will be awarded the Norm Smith Medal.

One club man - The term refers to the player who has played the entire professional games for only one club. Players must have served a minimum of ten years in a single club, to be listed in this category.

One on one - Refers to a defense strategy. Football is a low scoring game and a defense of team often determines their success. Defending is generally a cooperative effort; however, every player must know how to hold their own one-on-one for the squad to play perfectly. One-on-one is not an easy defense, players need to learn fundamental aspects such as tackling, positioning, and stance, to become perfect.

One touch - The term describes a fast-moving play in which players manage to control and pass the ball with the primary touch of the foot.

One two - A technique in which a player passes the ball to his team member and expected to get it back again right away. It is usually employed to get past other team players in a triangular movement.

Onion bag - Refers to the net hanging off the goalposts in association football.

Open goal - A part on a playing pitch, that generally has two posts with a net fixed at the back of them, where players attempt to pass the ball in order to score points or goal.

Opposition - Any football club that plays against your club.

Oriundi - The term is an Italian and Spanish noun that depicts an immigrant of resident ancestry. It derives from the Latin verb oriri (orior), "be born", and is linked to Orient.  This term has been used in Italian football since the early 1950s and divided the native and foreign players at a time until the 1970s.

Out of play - When the ball reached out beyond the boundary of the playing area.

Out of form - Refers to the player who is not playing or performing well as per his/her caliber.

Outfield player - Refers to all the players in the playing field except the goalkeeper of the team.

Outside forward - The player who plays as the advanced forward on the right or left wing, normally as part of a 2–3–5 formation or one of the same variants. With the development of modern football tactics, wingers become midfielders, so the outside forward term becomes abolished.

Outside left - The player playing on the outside left wing of the pitch. Stanley Matthews or Jimmy Johnstone renowned wingers used to be categorized as forwards in conventional W-shaped formations and were officially called as "Outside Right" or "Outside Left.

Outside right - Position of an attacking player on the right of the playing field. In generally this players plays on the outside right wing of the pitch.

Outswinger - A ball kicked into the air that forms an outside curve due to sidespin. This kick is generally hit from the corner, to curve away from the goal or the center.

Over the ball tackle - Refers to a tackle in which a player lunges at the other team player and not the ball that means he/she goes over the ball and hit the opposing team player. This kind of tackle usually draws a red card.

Overhead kick - Like an acrobatic hit where a player kicks a ball backward in the air and above ground. It is attained by throwing the body back up into the air and, prior to touching the ground, making a cutting motion with the lower limbs to get the ball-striking leg facing others.

Overlap - When a football player passes the ball to his teammate and then further run beyond that player to get the ball again.
Overlapping fullback    Refers to the fullback who sprints the whole length of the playing field.

Own goal - When the player accidentally scores a goal for the opponent team. It generally takes place due to a strong defense of an opponent or by some misfortunate.

P

P.K.  Shortened form of 'penalty' - An Acronym for a penalty kick which refers to the process of restarting the game by taking a single shot on the goal and defended only by the opponent goalkeeper.

Pace - The skill of a football player to move rapidly with the ball.  When the player plays on the right wing and has pace along with the right skill then chances of winning increases.

Panenka - A technique used during a penalty kick in which the ball is softly chipped (propel high into the air for a little distance) into the goal following the goalie who has dived to one side of the goal because of confusion created by a kicker during a shot.

Parachute payment - Refers to a series of payments extend over a period of four years that the Premier League provided to football clubs who moved down to a lower group at the end of a season.

Paralympic football - Association football for players having a physical disability.  The games are played according to the   International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) rules, with a change to the field of play, tools, numbers of players, etc.  to ease the condition for the physically challenged athletes. Its two most recognized versions are 5-a-side football for visual impairments players and 7-a-side football for cerebral palsy players.

Parking the bus - When the team shows a clear intention of defending, the game and all the players play defensively. This term was first invented by José Mourinho (Chelsea Manager) referring to Tottenham Hotspur when his team is playing against them in 2004.

Pass - Kicking a ball towards a teammate. Passing the ball is crucial to keep possession of the ball under your own team. Moving the ball on the ground between all the players is possible via the pass.

Pass and run - When midfielders play forward passes into the center forward and then run eventually to support. The game expands the progress of the center-forward and their capability to hold the ball and bring teammates into the match.

Pass back - An intended pass toward the back to the goalkeeper.

Passing game - A game, which needs one player throwing the ball to a teammate; "the coach then passes it on third and long". Its main focus is to change the attacking point, and running and passing time.

Passive offside - In association football, a time when a player staying in an offside position is not penalized for being offside as he or she does not run to get the ball's possession.

Pear shaped - This phrase is used to demonstrate that the outcome of a plan was not perfect. For e.g., When a plan of Chelsea to win the league has gone wrong as Mourinho was sacked and many players have become discontented, it is said to be Pear-shaped.
Pen.  Shortened form of 'penalty'    A punishment imposed for violating a law, rule, or contract of a match. In such a case, a free kick is awarded to an opponent due to an infringement of the rules by that team or player.

Penalty - A sanction entitled against a team for violating the rules on the field. Referee primarily indicates penalties by showing a yellow or red card (based on the severity of the offense) onto the field toward or at the place of a foul. Many penalties consequences moving the football in the direction of the offending team's end zone.

Penalty arc - The term describes 10-yard circle drawn in the penalty spot region outside of penalty box on the field. It is used to divide the penalty kicker and other players on the penalty kick position.  

Penalty area - The rectangular part of the playing field close to the goal within which the goalkeeper is permitted to use their hands for controlling the ball.

Penalty kick - A free kick awarded to the attacking team from a mark within the penalty area due to the foul committed by the member of the defending team. The free kick strike from 12 yards from the goal and only goalkeeper is allowed to face the kicker.

Penalty shootout - A way to determine the winner of the match that cannot be ended in a draw.  When the score of both the team remain equal even after the extra time, the penalty shoot-out is executed, where each team strike at goal from the penalty mark and only goalkeeper from the opposing team is there to cut it out (stop the goal).

Penalty spot - A point inside the penalty area and approx 11 m from the goal, from which a penalty kick may be taken by the player.
Perfect hat trick    When a player scores three goals in a match one with the right foot, another with the left foot and the last one with the head.

Phantom goal - The term refers to a doubtful goal where it's difficult to know whether the ball crossed the goal line or not.  Also known as, ghost goal that might be wrongly awarded without the ball ever crossing the goal line and, on the other hand, it is unnoticed by the referee.

Phoenix club - A new parent club, which is formed after an existing club, has failed in business terms or stopped operating. This club often has a similar name, logo, and playing uniform to the real club.

Pinching - An act to make lose temper and attentiveness of opposing player in the game.  Pinching, provoking, or pushing around is something that happens frequently during competitive football matches.

Pitch - An area of ground that is distinct and used for playing a football match.

Pitch condition - Pre-state of ground to ensure, it is safe enough to play a game. Pitch condition must be inspected between 24 and 48 hours before kick-off times.

Pitch invasion - When a group of people or individual watching a football game run onto the field for celebrating or protesting a win or loss. Such a situation can cause fine or jail.

Pivot kick - The player who plays between the defense and the mid-field has the responsibility to initiate the attack, protect the defense, and stop the attacks of opposition in the midfield. He/she utilize the instep of the kicking foot to surpass and to collect the ball when catching it.

Place kick - A kick in which the ball is positioned on the field before kicking. This kick is used in American and Canadian football to get kickoffs, extra points, and field goals.

Placement - Refers to the positioning of the ball on the ground for a place kick

Play acting - Behavior where a player creates an impression that a foul has been committed by opposing team player, however, they do not really have. It is to gain an undue advantage by falling to the ground and perhaps feigning an injury.

Play in - The term describes the condition to continue the game.

Play on - A term describes that a referee permits a game to continue as he believes there is no foul and stopping a play would be beneficial for the offending team.

Play the ball - This means when a player is under pressure from behind, he/should not try to turn or play a complex pass, instead just play the ball reverse where it came from – as in the way he/she is facing.

Play the man - This term describes aiming an opposing team player, usually with the intention of putting them out of charge, rather than running towards the ball and playing their own game.

Play to the whistle - Indicates the play must continue until the referee blows his whistle to stop the game.

Player - Someone who plays football. Every football team has eleven players in which one remain a goalkeeper. Whether it's an offensive or defensive team, the responsibility of every player is to score a goal for the team and stop the goal of opposing team.

Player eligibility - The criteria that decide whether the player is qualified to represent a particular country informally recognized international competitions and friendly matches. Generally, FIFA is accountable to maintain and implement these rules.

Player of the Year - The award for the best player of the league, also known as Most Valuable Player in the United States. Players receive this award on an international and national level both.

Player release - Each player has bounded to the Club for the complete seasonal year and compelled to the full financial commitment. A request for releasing a player from the program during the season year does not proceed until the financial obligations are fulfilled to the Club.

Playmaker - The term refers to a player whose responsibility is to create scoring opportunities for the teammate.

Playoff - Refers to the series of matches at the end of the season for determining clubs, which are promoted and/or relegated, determining fixed league positions or determining qualifiers for continental competitions. Playoffs are also used for determining the season's champions of some league.

Points deduction - The way to punish clubs by reducing their number of collected points during a league season as they violated the tournament rule. Points deductions can take place due to offenses like going into administration, monetary irregularities, fielding disqualified players, match-fixing, or brutal behavior amongst club staff or supporters.

Points system - This term refers to the process used in league competitions in which teams are rewarded with points after each game i.e. winning score three points, draw score one point, and a loss score no point.

Pools - Refers to the betting pool based on forecasting the outcome of top-notch matches, which will take place in the upcoming week. The pools are usually inexpensive to enter, with the possibility to win a very large sum of money. Entries were often submitted via the post or collector agents, however, now it becomes available online.

Pools panel - The board, which decides the result of, postponed matches, for the sake of the football pools results.

Position - A place where players are located. In football, each team has 11 players that play at a particular position on the field. A team includes one goalkeeper and ten outfield players located at defensive, midfield, and attacking positions based on the arrangement deployed.

Positioning - A place on the field where the player is located for a strategic purpose. Each team has 11 players, allocated to a particular position on the field. There are one goalkeeper and ten outfield players, assigned to defensive, midfield, and attacking positions on the basis of arranged formation.

Post[s] - Refers to the vertical parts of the goal structure, underneath the crossbar.

Pre season - Activities that take place prior to the start of the main football competition.

Preliminary match - A match conducted to find out the team to qualify for the next stage of a tournament.

Premier League - One of the top football leagues in England, where 20 clubs compete against each other to win elusive Premier League medal.  Overall, 38 games are played in the league and each club plays with other twice during the season (once at home and once away). Whichever team earns the maximum points at the end of those games, is the champion. The most well-known clubs play in this league are Manchester United, Liverpool, Chelsea, Arsenal, Tottenham Hotspur, and Manchester City. It is considered as the toughest league in the world.

Premiership - The group of the top-notch English football teams who are competing against each other in a league.

Pressing - Refers to the technique used by football club managers. On many occasions when a player losses the possession of the ball, he/she attempt to sort out by falling back and then try to get the ball back. This is the time when pressing comes into play.  Factually the player who just gets the ball from the opponent will look what to do next with that ball, at that moment, this player will be weak, and coaches press the team to attack at this time.

Pressure - Refers to a situation when attacking players are moving forward and getting nearer to score a goal and the opponent have to work hard to stop them from scoring.

Primera Division - In Spanish it refers to the first division, however, generally it refers to several top-division football leagues and other sports.

Professional Footballers Association - The trade union for professional association footballers in England and Wales which include 4,000 members, working to protect, progress and negotiate the circumstances, privileges, and status of all professional players by combined negotiating agreements.

Professional foul - A deliberate act of foul play anticipated getting an advantage for the performer's team. These fouls are generally committed to stopping an opponent from scoring.

Promedios - Relegation system depends on a point per match average over many seasons. The Argentine First Division uses this system first time, from 1957 to 1966 and from 1983 until now, according to the average performance over several seasons.

Promotion - In football leagues, generally, teams are transferred between several divisions according to their performance in the whole season. The lower division best-ranked teams are promoted to the top division for the upcoming season, and the higher division worst-ranked teams are relegated to the lower division for the upcoming season. Throughout the season, teams, which performed top in the league table lies in the promotion zone, and those, not performed well lies in the relegation zone.

Protect the ball - Keeping the ball away from the defender. For protecting the ball, the player should shift it to the foot furthest away from the opponent and, if the opponent is nearby, get ready for a "Shoulder Charge" by bending the knees, bracing himself, and strengthening the arm nearby to the opponent.

Puma - Footwear is the main instrument of a footballer's gear.  Puma is a German multinational company that design and produces sports and casual footwear, clothes, and accessories. Well-known international footballers such as Sergio Agüero, Hector Bellerin, Olivier Giroud, Luis Suárez, David Silva, Marco Reus, and many more are branding Puma football boots.

Punt - The act of kicking the ball before it hits the ground, nearly in a similar way like a dropkick. The punter receives the ball and drops it towards their foot to kick it down the field to the opposing team.

Purple patch - A period of achievement or good luck for the team or player. It is considered as an excellent period where nearly every strategy goes in the right direction and enhance the level of performance.

Push and run - One of the techniques used in association football in which player quickly pass the ball off to a teammate and running past the marking tackler for collecting the return pass. It is a successful way to move the ball at rapid speed, with positions of player and responsibility being fluid.

Pyramid - This is rather planned hierarchy of leagues. Formally, for professional football, there are three levels on the pyramid and informally, there are many other leagues further down which ranges from strictly amateur to semi-pro also called as “divisions” or “tiers.”

Q


Qualifying or qualification match - Refers to successfully finishing a match that will take your team to the next round. For e.g. England needs to win qualifying match held tonight to go forward to the next round of the competition.

Quarter final - Refers to the deciding matches played between four teams to know the semi-finalists of the competition.

Quick - Moving fast or kicking a ball in a short time. The easiest method to become quick on the soccer field is by working on improving strength. Strength training helps in increasing speed.

R

Rabona - Striking the football by covering the kicking foot around the standing leg. It is done for creating confusion among defending player, or simply showing off his own ability, as it is considered a skillful trick at any level.

Rankings - The official list of the best team or players in a football category.

Re election - A process used until 1986 in which the worst positioned clubs of the league needs to again apply for their position in the league whereas non-league clubs could submit an application for a league place. Non-league side had this single opportunity to enter the Football League until direct promotion and relegation were set up from the 1986–87 season onwards.

Rebound - When the ball bounces off the goalkeeper while trying to save and the ball remains in play.

Red card - Refers to a signal that a player received from the referee due to some serious offenses committed in the game.  This card is issued after two cautionary yellow cards that were shown to the particular player already during the game. After receiving a red card, the player will be sent off and cannot return to the field, nor can wait on the sidelines. Players can also be shown red card earlier than the opening kickoff, right through the halftime break and even after the end of match until the referee leaves the playing field.

Reducer - The player making a huge slide tackle in a match while other players are brought to the floor. This player's capability is always challenging for top players of the opposing team.

Referee - An official who control a football game. The referee is responsible for enforcing the rules and maintaining the conduct of the game. They are usually dressed in a black-and-white striped shirt, black pants along with a black belt, and black shoes.

Referee's assistants - One another name for the linesman.  He/she is among one of the two officials who assist the referee to make the right decisions during a game.

Referee's whistle - The signal given by referees to stop, start or restart play during a match. When the referee blows the whistle in any such condition for controlling the game.

Reflex - The term used to describe an instinctive or usual action that the goalkeeper does in response to the ball coming quickly to the goal. He instantly takes action without even thinking about it. Football goalkeepers have to give the quickest reactions in the sporting world as it makes a difference between success and failure.

Reflex save - A rapid save by a goalkeeper done with the instant instinct.

Regulation time - The 90 minutes standard time-span of a football match that is split into two 45-minute periods and a half-time break.

Regulations - The rules made by an authorized association football organization in order to control the game and the team.  For e.g. players cannot touch the ball with their hands or arms intentionally, except the goalkeeper.

Relegation - A process in which teams are transferred in the lower divisions based on their performance for the whole season. If a team is relegated, it has to participate in a lower division in the next competition, due to their worst performance in the higher division.
Representative matches    Matches played between the clubs at the local level. In 1984, the first authorized representative matches including International football rules were played, and still, they are held each October.

Reserve team - A team composed of players who are not in the first team, but generally play in a league against reserve teams from different clubs.

Reserve[s] - A member of a football team who plays in the position of another player if they are injured etc. Reserves are always in the squad of every team.

Result - Outcome arrived after playing a match. The match is played into two halves of 45 minutes.  The result often depends on the final goals achieved by any team more than an opponent does in a 90-minute playing period.

Retired number - Refers to the squad number which is not more used as a form of identifying an individual player's trustworthy service to the club. Occasionally a number is retired as a tribute after the player's death.

Reverse pass - A pass executed by the player in which he/she needs to run in the opposite direction of that pass.

Right [full]back - Refers to a defender, playing mainly in a position on the right of the pitch and its responsibility is to defend the right-hand side of his team’s goal.

Right footed - Refers to the players playing on the left side of the field. For e.g. Ronaldo who is a right-footed player usually plays on the left side.

Right half[back] - This term refers to a midfielder located on the right side of the field.

Right wing[er] - Refers to the midfielder who plays beside the right-hand side of the pitch and often carried out offensive tasks.
Rival    A team competing with opposing team for the winning cup or title.

Round of 16 teams - The knockout phase of the World Cup that played between 16 remaining teams between the 32 participants.  These 16 teams ranked according to their group stage performance and by their possibility to become the world champion.

Round robin tournament - A contest in which each competitor meets all other competitors in turn also called as an all-play-all tournament. It is the fairest method for finding out the champion among a known and fixed number of competitors.

Round robin play - This refers to a tournament in which all the competing teams face each other at least once.

Rounding the 'keeper - The term uses to describe an attacking move in which a player tries to dribble the ball around the goalkeeper with the hope of leaving an open goal.

Route one - Refers to a direct attack where the player kicks the ball high and long towards the goal. It is usually employed by teams, which have strong built player but light on skill.

Row Z - The term referring to the line of seats in a football ground which are far away from the field, especially to highlight that a shot on goal has moved out high into the crowd.

Roy of the Rovers stuffor - Refers to incidence during a game in which a player or team have to conquer some sort of severe misfortune before victory, or secured win in a clearly stunning or remarkable manner, especially when other team looks more "stronger" on the field. This term is derived from the Roy of the Rovers, one of the long-running football-themed English comic, in which such events were described clearly.  

Rules - Set of instructions that tell players what they are allowed to do and what they are not allowed to do in or off the field. General football rules include the field must be 120 yards long and 53 ½ yards wide,  there must be the goal lines at every end of the field, the extra 10 yards at every end refers to the end zone,  at the start of each game, the football must be placed on or between the hash marks.

Running off the ball - When players run without having the ball.

S


Safe hands - The term describes that the team has been playing with a skilled and professional player and will not be loose.

Safety - Refers to defensive support that plays in a deep position. When players are tackled in their own end region, the defense scores two points.

Satellite television - Football events broadcasted to the people by using satellites television services.

Save - When the goalkeeper cut off a shot or else it would have entered the net and scored a goal.

Scissors kick - Another term used in place of the bicycle kick, a move done by throwing the body in airborne and kicking the ball with the foot.

Score - The number of goals achieved in a game by a team. There are several ways to score in football; however, the most common is field goals and touchdowns. Touchdown gives 6 points, extra point - 1 point, Two-point conversion - 2 points, Field Goal - 3 points, and Safety - 2 points.

Scorpion kick - A kick attained by diving or throwing the body ahead, placing the hands in the ground and grabbing the back heels, so as to strike the incoming ball.  Its name derived from the resemblance of a player to a scorpion's tail while applying the kick.

Scrimmage - Sort of practice session that consists of a real game. A series of play started with the placing of the ball, on the field, with its highest axis at right angles to the line of a goal.

Seal dribble - Refers to a form of dribbling which is executed by flicking the ball up from the ground over the head, whereby the player then run fast to pass opponents, whilst bouncing the ball on top of his forehead, replicating a seal.

Season - A time-period in a year, in which a series of football matches, performed in one place.

Seats - An object to sit on in a football stadium. The best place to sit in a stadium is about halfway up the stand and parallel to the halfway line on both sides.

Second Division - Refers to the second top division of a league and will frequently have promotion and relegation with divisions beyond and underneath.

Second half - The last 45 minutes of a football match, in which both the team tries their best to win the game.

Second season syndrom - The phrase is used to describe a downturn in luck for a football club in its second season after they have promoted to the Premier League of English football. In general, the club performing poorly two seasons after getting promotion to the top division.

Seleccion - The Spanish word represents "Selection" in English, the act of choosing teams or players.   

Selection - The process of picking the most suitable player for the vacant position in the team. It is the process to assess the potentials, skills, and commitment of any player to be selected in the team.

Self goal - Refers to the condition when a player makes a goal on their own side of the playing area rather than the side of the opposing team. It is due to the defensive strength of opponent or happens accidentally.

Selling the dummy - The term refers to an art form, where player let the ball go around a defender then too circling the opponent, rather than following the direct path of a pass. It is intended to form a distraction among opponent by showing like the dummy receiver is going to play the ball, generally by going toward the ball, and then let go the ball between his legs or just to one side, permitting the ball to go on on its path to the real receiver.

Semi finals - One of the two matches in a tournament which take place to know the competitors of the final.

Sending off - An occasion when a referee orders a player to leave the playing area during a game due to the offensive conduct or foul.

Senior team - A group of 11 most experienced player playing football matches for the country.

Serie A - Refers to a league competition intended for the best teams in the Italian soccer system. This competition was first organized in 1939 and become the second best league in the world. Italy has a status for producing the best teams. Their clubs have bagged more than 12 titles. The league competition is made up of 20 teams, which play 38 matches with each other (once at home and once away in a round-robin format). The team having maximum points after completing all the matches wins the title Scudetto.

Set piece - An intelligent and extraordinary piece of play that football team players have planned and practiced well before the game.

Set piece or play - The term is used to describe a condition when the ball is come back to open play, for e.g. following a stoppage, mainly in a forward area of the field. It generally refers to free kicks and corners, at times even throw-ins. Many goals occurred from such positions, whether scored directly or indirectly.

Setanta Sports - Sports media group based in Dublin, Ireland. The group was started in 1990 to assist the broadcasting of Irish sporting events to global audiences.

Shape - Players ability to retain the formation of a team during play, especially on defense. A team usually try to cover preferred areas of the field, where the ball is actually placed. When they are capable enough to cover these areas, it means a team is retaining their shape or is in balance mode.

Shelter the ball - Protecting or shielding the ball from opposing team player. For e.g. Atkinson makes a great effort to shelter the ball away from the Phoenix Striker.

Shepherd - The term refers to the player who influences the movement of their opponents. It is an approach and expertise defines in Australian Rules football. Shepherding is the activity of formally pushing, striking, or blocking an opponent from gaining ball's possession or reaching the competition.

Shield the ball - The phrase used to describe the player's skill to keep the ball at their feet for a long time that simply means guarding the ball against an opponent. Every player must learn how to shield the ball in order to become a valuable player.

Shielding - Crucial dribbling skill often used to keep possession of the ball in tight gaps. Shielding takes place when the player having the ball positions himself or herself between the ball and their opposing teammate making a wall with their body. The player then uses their body as a shield and creates distance between the ball and the defender.

Shin guards - A necessary piece of protecting equipment players wears on legs while playing football. It is always important to take extra protection on legs so that you can try different football skills comfortably and play with extra confidence.

Shin splints - Rigorous pains in the front part of the lower leg (shin), which happens especially to the football players due to continuous running on the field. The pain occurs at shinbone (tibia) due to muscle, tendon, or bone damage.

Shirt names - Name printed on the back of football t-shirt or Jersey. It adds great personality and defines your favorite players who are either playing or no longer with their clubs.

Shirt numbers - To recognize and differentiate players those are on the field. Numbers were initially used to indicate the position of player as 1–11, however, now they have no significance in the modern game except the players' favorite numbers.

Shirt pulling - Refers to the players pulling the shirts of opponents during corner kicks and free kicks.

Shirts - A specific piece of clothing that players wear on the upper part of the body (representing their country), commonly known as Jersey, in which player's name or number is printed on the back.

Shoes - Piece of footwear worn for playing football. Comfort, high traction, good stability for fast accelerations, stops, and turns are some of the main features that football players want from their shoes.

Shoot - Trying to score points for the team by kicking, or throwing the ball straight away to the goal.

Shoot out - A competition in making goals that decides who will win a game when both the teams having the same number of goals even after the end of extra time. Each team usually gets five penalty shots during a shootout.

Shoot Magazine - In 1969, this was the first football magazine published in the UK.  Earlier it was published weekly, later became monthly, and now available as an interactive application.

Short passing game - Passes that may irritate a defense as they are generally less than 5 yards. If any player plays a short passing game, he/she need to move the ball around to draw opposing player out of position and enter the gaps left open.

Shorts - Pants whose length lies to the knees or thighs. Football players always wear shorts made up of lightweight fabric with an elastic waist.

Shots - A kick or throw of the ball executed by a player to score a goal for the team. Shots are of two types, first the ground shot, in which the ball roll and lay on the ground, Second, the volley shot, in which player kick the ball out of the air, often straight from a pass.

Shots off target - A statistic indicating the number of shots, which are unlikely to score the goal.

Shots on target - The number of goals attains by a player or team when the opposing team had not got in the way.

Shoulder charge - A type of tackle used to get the possession of the ball.  This tackle should not occur from behind, cannot be aggressive or unsafe, and must be a shoulder to shoulder with the intent to get possession of the ball.

Show the ball - To make it possible for the ball to be seen on video replays in-case when the referee has any doubt regarding the decision like whether the ball crosses the goal line or not etc.  Goal line technology has now applied at the professional level to guarantee the right call.

Shut down - Generally refers to the discontinuity of playing a further game.  

Sicknote - This term refers to the player who is continually off play "sick", usually faking it as he/she is simply too lazy or irresponsible to play on the field.

Side - A place to the left or right on the field.

Side foot - Kicking the ball by the side of the foot. Side-foot passing is for precise, small, rapid passing all the way from one box to the other.

Side netting - Refers to the exterior part of the net at the sides of a goal.  

Sideline - Either of the two lines (white or colored lines), running parallel and remain vertical to the goal lines,  bounding the longer sides of a playing field.

Signing on fee - This is a payment the player receives when joining a club, although this might differ, depending from league to league.

Silky skills - Refers to the player who can move smoothly across the field with great technique, enthusiasm, and the passion to go forward.

Silver goal - In any football tournament, when a player scores a goal in a full half of extra time that is played in case match is drawn. This goal calculated as the winner if it is the single goal scored in the full half or full extra time period.

Silverware - A slang idiom for the trophies the team receives after winning football competitions.

Six a side football - Match played by two teams including six players, not the standard eleven players. The playing region is bounded by a wall, not lines, and the match doesn't pause for throw-ins, corners, or goal kicks.

Six pointer - The term used to depict a game between two teams with equal positions in leagues, which utilizes "three points for a win" system. In a six-pointer game, the outcome remains decisive since the winning team rejects three points to the opponent instead of securing three points for themselves.

Sixth forward - Refers to a player who was not playing in a forward position earlier, but due to the recent circumstance of game, he/she takes a charge and plays in a forward position, therefore referred as sixth forward.  The forward is the most noticeable position in soccer that plays in the offensive half of the pitch and has the responsibility to score goals.

Skills - An ability to play football perfectly. Several technical skills such as precise dribbling, passing, and shooting require to play football, however, skills of every player vary from one position to another, as a goalkeeper require different skills than a field player.

Slick - When a player gives a quick and smooth pass without much effort, which is converted into the goal.

Slide tackle - Refers to an effort to tackle the ball away from opposing player while sliding on the ground.

Sliding tackle - Players attempting to tackle the ball away from opposing team player by sliding on the ground. A sliding tackle is legal if it is done safely.

Slip - Refers to unintentional sliding and losing balance on the football field.

Smooth - Having a flat and regular surface; no observable projections, lumps, or indentations. The surface of the football playing area remains flat, smooth and non-abrasive. Matches may be either played on natural or artificial surfaces, however, the color of artificial surfaces always remain green.

Snap shot - An unexpected fast shot at goal. The player takes the shots immediately while seeing an opponent is in attacking mood.

Soccer - In the United States, the game of football is known as soccer, in which two teams of eleven players compete against each other. This game is played on a large grass field with a goal at both ends. Players aim to hit the ball into the goal of opposing team. Except for goalkeepers, no player can touch the ball with their hands, they can only kick, knee, or head the ball to pass it and score a goal.

Socks - Piece of clothing wear at the foot, the lower part of the leg. It is usually made from wool, cotton, or nylon. Nowadays, some players wear additional socks to improve the grip on the feet that directly enhance their performance and comfort.

Solicitor - Someone from the legal profession capable to deal with legal matters of football clubs/teams or players. A solicitor might train barristers and stand for clients in lower courts of law.

Song - These are tons of songs devoted to football associations or composed for clubs or players. From the national hymn to the crazy songs made by the fans, everyone becomes a bit crazy, sentimental and patriotic when all come together for major football events.

South American Championship - A top rank international competition between South American teams representing their own countries or professional football clubs.

Speed - The rate at which player moves in the field. Speed plays an important role in football, as players need to run around the field for the majority of the game.

Spin - In association football, curl or bend is generally a spin on the ball that changes its direction. It is also known as a 'screw shot' in the 19th century. Once the player starts spinning, they can stop and charge forward at any point throughout the spin.  It becomes difficult for the defender to predict what direction the player will be facing when stop.

Split the defence - When players get an incentive for creating defense-splitting passes to their team-members during a match.
Sponsor    The act of supporting football competition financially or through the provision of brands or services. Sponsorship is different from advertising and provides required equipment for players or team, create awareness, and brand building.

Sponsors - Organizations, which pays for or contributes to the costs involved in producing a football tournament or competition in return for advertising their product or services.

Squad - A group of 11 players selected in a team for a football match.

Squad numbers - Numerical markings on jersey's of a player to differentiate individual player during a match. It was first used in 1928 to differentiate positions in a formation, later it is linked with individual players, irrespective of their position on the pitch.

Squad rotation system - The strategy used by a coach or manager to frequently replacing players in a team with other players from the squad.

Square ball - When a ball is played square i.e. sideways not usually forward or backward. Simply it means, passing between team members sideways, across the playing field.

Squeaky bum time - Mainly, an exciting part of the game, especially the final moments of a close match or season. For e.g. with ten more remaining matches in the season, its squeaky bum time for the coach, who cannot afford any loss more.

Stadium - A place or venue where football matches are played. It consists of a field or pitch either partially or entirely bounded by a tiered formation that allows the audience to stand or sit and view the game.

Stanchion - Horizontal or diagonal extensions to the goalposts in association football that avoid the goal net from drooping.
Stand    Most of the English Football stadiums are in sections known as ends (following the goals) or stands.

Starting appearance - Also called as Caps that means a player has been played for the national football team once.
Statistics    A part of math where numbers are collected and sorted and football is considered as a game of numbers, which are used to determine the success or forecast future results.

Stepover - An attacking player uses this skill by moving their foot over the ball without contacting it. The intent is to confuse a defender and make him/her believe that you are moving with the ball in a particular direction.  

Stewards - Someone who plays a role of peacemaking and preventing fans from getting into the playing field during the game. They are noticeable with their luminous, neon-colored uniforms.

Stockings  see "socks" - Pair of tight-fitting coverings for player's legs that keep great comfort over long distance run-in.
Stoppage    When a game is stopped for a short time due to the player injury or bad weather. The referee might add some additional time at the end of the game due to this incidence.

Stoppage time - Extra time included to the end of a game because of the time wasted for a goal score celebration, argument with referees, substitutions, free kicks, corner kicks, red and yellow cards events, etc. that usually take place during a match.

Stopper - Refers to a player playing between the Fullbacks and Midfielders, stopping attacks straight toward a goal, related to a Defensive Midfielder. Their work is to slow down the attack so Midfielders get time to pick up and help defender.

Straight red - This term refers to the penalty announce by the referee in order to punish the player for a serious offense that is considered more worse than booking and results in instant disqualification of a player from the field.

Street football - An unofficial football game played in the street by adults or children.

Stretcher - A long piece of canvas made from two poles with a cover of soft material extended between them, used for carrying players who become ill or injured during a football match.

Striker - A player who plays closer to the goal of the opposing team. They are also called forwards who are well known for scoring most goals in the game.

Strip - This term describes a situation when a defensive football player drags the ball away from a nasty ball mover, causing a fumble. The aim is to force the player to fumble the ball that creates an opportunity for a defensive player to turnover.

Studs - The pointed object on the football player shoe's outsole to aid grip. Studs are stuck out in the bottom sole so that players can get more stability on the playing field.

Studs up tackle - When a player attacks into a tackle with a leg or both legs outspread revealing the soles of their shoes. Referees are expectant to at the extreme least caution (yellow card) players who usually attempt such challenges.

Subbed - Replacing a player with another teammate during a game. Withdrawn player referred been subbed or subbed off when substituted by other player and a replacing player called as being subbed on.

Substitute - A player who brought on to the pitch as an alternative for an existing player during a match. Substitutions are usually made for replacing a player who becomes exhausted or injured or performing badly on the field.

Substitution - The replacement of any player by another, which is recognized as having the same set of skills and playing capacity as the previous player. The substitute player's name must be provided to the referee earlier than the start of the match.

Sudden death - The method of rapidly deciding the winner of a game when the scores of both the teams are equal.  The first player or team to score a goal after a particular time will win the game in a sudden death situation.  In many games, when the score is tied after the full 90 minutes, the result must be a draw; however, at some situation, one team must be eliminated, so the tie-breakers occur in two 15-minute halves of extra time. Unfortunately, still there is no result, the IFAB, the world lawmaking body of the sport, brought the new rule i.e. the golden goal rule in which after scoring a goal at a particular time, the game stop and the opponent losses, they don't get further attempt to make the goal for their team within the remaining time.

Sudden death goal - Refers to the rule that suggests the first team scoring in extra time wins the match when the scores of both the team remain equal after 90 minutes. The game ends when this golden goal is scored.

Summer tours - Football tournaments held abroad in summer.

Sunday shot - Desperation shot from long out that converts into a goal. It usually refers to a strike that a player would approximately miss, but incredibly goes into a goal in spite of all previsions.

Super Cup - A competition held on a national level between the knockout cup winner and the league winner of the previous season. There are furthermore continental super cups, like the UEFA Super Cup, which is played between the top- and second-tier UEFA competitions winners.

Super Eagles - This term refers to the Nigeria national football team, representing Nigeria in international association football and managed by the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF). They are three-time winners of Africa Cup and were ranked fifth in the FIFA rankings in 1994.

Super Hat trick - When one of the team players scores four goals in a single match.

Supporters - People who want their favorite team to win and might show it by going to watch their play everywhere.

Survive - When a struggling team achieved an adequate number of points that secured their position in a league for the next season.

Suspension - When a player is sent off at some stage in a match, he or she will afterward have to miss more games as an additional penalty. Yellow and red cards are used as a way to control players for misbehavior during the game. Generally, one red card consequences an automatic suspension of one to three games, moreover, getting several yellow cards all through the season can also consequence a suspension, usually depends on the league or tournament.

Sweeper - Refers to a player whose place is behind the other defenders. He/she has a responsibility to stop goals from being scored by the opposing team.

Sweeper system - The systematic placing of sweeper in the field as he/she is a key player who plays in the defensive backline and in charge for opposing any opponent player who might get past the defenders of their team.  The sweeper system needs a team to bring a seventh defender into the back line.

Swerve - This is a great skill in which player suddenly turns with the ball to one side while moving forward. A swerve attempt is the worst nightmare for the goalkeeper as he/she will never be capable to foresee the path of the ball.

Swiss bolt system - During the early 1930s, Rappan (former Australian Footballer and the Swiss national team coach) developed a strategic system in which positions and duties of player can be changed according to the game's pattern.

Swivel - A coupling tool, which permits free turning of the parts, fixed to it.

Swivel kick - When a player is moving to the left or right on their way down in a swivel motion. This skill is the best way to get your players passing and moving around your training pitch. This skill required good ball control.

T

Tackle - Way of a player to get the possession of the ball from an opponent, either by using a leg to wrest control from the opposing player, or performing slide tackle to knock the ball away. If opposing player is kicked before the ball during a tackle, the referee will punish the attacking team by either a free kick or penalty kick, also sometimes result in a yellow or red card.

Tackle from behind - A tackle that put the opponent in danger. While trying to take the ball from other team players, an attacking player taking hold of them from behind or sidewise and making them fall on the ground.  

Tackling back - The term uses to describe a move by which player takes the ball off from an opponent who just took it off from him.

Tactics - Refers to the way in which a manager of the football team wants his players to play in a match. Tactics can be used in defensive or attacking formations both and changes according to the methods of play.

Target man - Refers to the striker, who is tall, strong, and possess good heading ability, capable to control or attack balls in the air. Target man provides the forward line diverse choices regarding attacking the goal, and are often employed to hold up the ball or play layoff passes to their team members.

Taylor Report - Refers to the document regarding the Hillsborough Stadium disaster inquiry whose progress was supervised by Lord Justice Taylor. It explains the causes of the tragedy and makes suggestions regarding the terms of safety at sporting events in the future because, in April 1989, Hillsborough disaster causes approx. 96 Liverpool F.C. fans death.

Team - Group of players chosen to play together in the game of football. The match is played between two teams having eleven players including one goalkeeper each on a rectangular field.

Teamwork - The process of playing collaboratively in order to achieve a goal and winning a match. In football, each player plays an important role in the success of the team, so understanding and trusting teammates is crucial in on and off the field.

Technical advisor or consultant - Someone who makes detailed notes of a match including tracking the time of events, incidences occurred and assists the team by showing them video analysis portion.

Technical area - An area occupied by a manager, other coaching personnel, and substitutes during a match. It involves the dugout, bench, and a marked zone nearby to the playing field.

Technical skills - Player's ability to control the ball, pass the ball, receive the ball, run with the ball, turn with the ball, dribble, header, mode of attack, mode of defending and comprehend positions and formations during a game.

Technical trainer - The term used in Continental Europe and Latin America in reference to the coach of the team.  In the U.K., however, "trainer" usually has been employed for staff, that look after the physical fitness of players.

Technique - Refers to the skills of the player to control the ball, ability to shoot, ability to pass, ability to backpedal and defend. Good techniques are essential for successful play.

Telstar - A football made by Adidas, first brought in as the Telstar Elast for the European Football Championship held in 1968. This ball is based on the work of Eigil Nielsen, thus have the 32-panel design, which makes it iconic in different media.

Ten men -  When one player of the team sent off due to illegal offense on the field, the team will have only ten players who will play the rest of the game.

Terrace - Unroofed tiers around a football field on which the audience stand.

Testimonial match - Refers to the friendly match organized in respect of a player who serves more than 10 years at a single club.
The player in the centre is dribbling.    The phrase is used in reference to the center forward player whose job is to dribble the ball well and get it past the goalkeeper.

The Poznań - Refers to the celebration in which fans turn their backs to the field, join arms, and jump up and down in unity. This name is derived from Polish club Lech Poznań, whose fans first celebrated in this way.

Third back - The term refers to fullback or running back.

Third division - The major football playing countries have a number of divisions where each team play each other twice a season, and those at the top gain promotion and those at the bottom gain relegation. This is the third-highest division of a league.  

Third division south - Refers to a level created in 1921 in the English football league system. It ran in equivalent with the Third Division North with clubs selected to the League or relegated from Division Two allocated to one or the other on the basis of geographical position. Some English Midland's clubs transferred between the Third Division South and the Third Division North on the basis of their composition of the two leagues in any one season.

Third division north - A level in English association football, started at 1920-21 season with 22 teams elected mostly from the Southern League to restore the balance.

Third man running - When a player is going for an attack, his teammate "off-the-play" (i.e., a third player other than the passer and receiver) should run and support the receiver. The "third man" in such a situation plays a role of receiver or an alternate receiver and the real passer become the "third man" after passing the ball.

Third place match - A match played between the two losing semifinalist of a knockout tournament to determine the third position team.

Three lions - Refers to the song made for English Football team who hosted European Championships in 1996. The Lightning Seeds' Ian Broudie, with comedians David Baddiel and lyricist Frank Skinner, who hosted the football-themed comedy show Fantasy Football League, compiled its music.  

Three points for a win - In many football leagues and group tournaments, three points are given to the winning team (rather than two) and no points are given to the losing team. In case of a tie, each team gets one point.

Through ball - A pass kicked forward between defenders of an opposing team. The pass is aimed towards a team member, who after initially being cautious to be in an onside position now the ball is passed, sprints to get the ball in the open gap.

Throw - Propel the ball with power through the air by a movement of the arm and hand.

Throw in - Process of restarting play when the ball goes out of play along the sidelines of the field.  It engages a player from the team to whom it was granted using both left and right hands to throw the ball back in the pitch.

Ticket - A small portion of paper or card provided to supporters, usually to show that they have paid for football competition or event.  
Tie - When both the team scored the same number of goals or no goals during a game.

Tifo - Refers to a visual display of banners, signs, and flares, from the team supporters at the starting of a match. This word is derived from Italian word Tifosi (means fan) that signifies the unique, majestic parts of football fan culture around the globe.

Tights - A piece of clothing that covers the legs, hips, and bottom. During cold temperature, football players usually wear tights beside their skin under their normal padded elastic, tightly fitted pants.

Tiki taka - A Spanish style of play in football distinguished by short passing and progress, running the ball through diverse channels, and upholding possession. Essentially, the main thought with tiki taka is always keeping the ball away from an opponent and then delivering that pass for scoring a goal. It is all regarding passing and moving not including the ball and making the game easier. No matter what position every player play, including the goalkeeper, they must have a superior first touch and know how to keep the ball and then surprise opposing team with the final goal by killer pass.

Time - When players have no pressure, so they do not panic or rush during a game.

Time added on - Generally known as stoppage time or injury time that added on at the end of each half on the basis of the length of delays in the game. These delays might be due to injuries, time lost during substitution, general time wasting, etc. Stoppage time can be essential for losing teams to balance or even win.

Toe punt - The way of kicking the ball by using the toe end of the shoes (tip of the foot) instead of using the instep or laces.

Too good to go down - Refers to be relegated that means one of the teams who has lots of good players, a big budget, a successful history goes down and relegated to the lower division.     

Top corner - The two 90° angle part of the goal where the crossbar and posts interconnect.  

Top flight - The league at the peak level. Since the formation of the Football League, around 64 teams have played minimum one season in the particular top flight of English football.

Total Football - An attacking playing style invented by the Dutch national team of the 1970s, in which players didn't play on any fixed positions and anyone can join in the attack and score a goal.  

Total football system - An attack-oriented tactic where players have no specific position, except the goalkeeper. Any player can play anywhere on the field. Coordination, spacing, and player association are the main elements of the total football system.  

Touchline - Refers to the line at the side of the playing field whose length is 120 meters according to professional standards. It is also termed as a sideline.

Tour - A trip made by a football player or a team, in which they compete or play in several different places around the world.

Tournament - A football competition having a large number of competitors, playing several matches to win the title. The most crucial international tournament of Football is The World Cup organized by FIFA in every four years. Around 190 to 200 national teams compete against each other to qualify and win this tournament.

Toyota Cup - The conventional name for the championship in which the local champions play against each other to determine the best club side in the world.  There is always a team from Europe or Latin America associated with the cup.

Track - In association, a wide, circular path for competitive running.

Tracksuit manager - Refers to a football manager, who generally wear tracksuit that consists of a sports top and trousers, instead of wearing a formal suit during a match.

Trainer - Someone who plans a session and explain a drill or actions to the players. The players have the responsibilities to perform the activity as per the prescribed direction provided by the trainer.

Training - Developing a playing skill to a preferred standard by instruction and thorough practice. The base of any effectual football-conditioning series is strength training.

Transfer - Refers to the action when a player under contract moves from one club to another.  The details of such player transfer from one association to another, therefore the term ‘transfer’ being used. More often the selling club gets an amount of money from the purchasing club as a compensation for the loss of player and their services, which is termed as a ‘transfer fee’. Generally, the players can only be transferred via a transfer window and on the basis of the rules set by a governing body.

Transfer fee - Players generally move from one club to another through a transfer window and on the basis of the rules set by a governing organization, also there is some sort of compensation payments for the right of the player, which is referred as a transfer fee.

Transfer window - The period in which players can transfer from one club to another club. The transfer process is completed after the registration of the player into the new club via FIFA. The media use the informal term "transfer window" for describing the "registration period".

Trap - This term refers to gaining control over the ball with the feet, thighs, or chest. It can involve stopping the ball totally or redirecting it in a controlled way. It is the main skill for any football player to master.

Travelling army - This phrase is commonly used by commentators while referring to fans who traveled long to watch the match and support their team. Even they are called the 12th man.

Treble - This term describes the achievement of a club team who wins three trophies in a single season.

Trialist - Refers to a young football player, who recently linked with a club for a short time interval so that the club can evaluate their ability and make a decision whether to provide them a permanent contract or not.

Trip - The term might be used in reference to the players/teams or supporters i.e. a journey in which players or team go away to play or a journey in which supporters go to the location of the match for a short time, and come back again.

Turnstile -  A mechanical barrier located at the entry point of a football ground. It has metal arms that need to push round to go through them and make an entry on the ground.

Two footed - Players who have equal prowess on both their feet. For e.g. the world's best player, Cristiano Ronaldo scored 214 goals from the left and 209 from the right side of the pitch that signifies he has great prowess on both sides of the wings.

Two footed tackle - n illegal tackle where the player jumps or slides forwards with both legs extended towards other team players.

U


UEFA - The governing organization of football in Europe is referred to as the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).  The term recognized by the Confederation to distinguish the competition under its management from other international tournaments held in Europe between 1960 and 1990.  UEFA works to endorse, guard, and expand European football across its 55 member associations and for organizing some of the most popular football tournament, including the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Women’s Champions League, the UEFA Europa League, UEFA EURO, etc. in the world.

UEFA Cup - The competition organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). The term was recognized by the Confederation to distinguish the contests under its organization from other international competition held in Europe between 1960 and 1990.

Ultras - Football fans well recognized for dedicated support. The term first invented in Italy but later accepted worldwide to describe fans that use flares, display banners, provide vocal support to the team. These supporters create an encouraging atmosphere for their own team and scare opposing players and fans. However, their activities are sometimes extreme and may be inclined toward particular political ideologies.

Umbro - Special eternal boots supplier brand for football players. Their boots are known for their strength as made from pure leather. It makes sure that when player contacts with the ball, be it a shot, pass or any movement, it doesn't felt on feet.

Under 21 - The age criteria for the football player to select in the team.  In football, players are qualified to play under 17/18/21. For e.g. in the U21 Euros qualifier stage, only the players aged under 21 can take part in the qualifiers.

Under 23 -  A competitive age group within football. All soccer clubs need to check the birth year for determining what age group a player plays in.  

Under the cosh - This term describes a great deal of pressure put by the opponent on other teams. Simply a team that is straggling by a considerable margin with not enough time left in the game.

Underdog - Refers to the team who is commonly expected to lose. In case, if the underdog team wins, it turned out to be upset for supporters who place a bet on their favorite team.

Ungentlemanly conduct - A foul or offense committed by the player that violates the rules defined by the governing body. These acts are considered ungentlemanly conduct, thus penalized by the referee.

Unofficial - Any action or event which is not organized or approved authorized group or committee.

Unplayable conditions - The term used to describe the condition of some countries which are unfavorable to play football that means it can get so hot or so cold that playing must be deferred or discarded; also, matches cannot be played on venues over 2,750m (9,022 ft) as per the rule by FIFA.

Unsettled - A problem, which is not solved successfully. For e.g. any player who is unhappy at a club and wish to move somewhere else, he is called as unsettled.

Unsportsmanlike conduct - Unsporting behavior or a foul/offense that violates the commonly accepted rules of sportsmanship and members conduct.  In football, the referee penalizes fouls and misconduct committed by the players instantly.

Upset - When the team commonly predicted to win (the favorite), either loses or draws/ties a game with an underdog who was predicted to lose, challenging the conventional insight.

Use the ball  -  Refers to the right way to play strike, curve, pass, long ball or chip during the game. For e.g., once the player makes a good space then it's time to use the ball in the region directly in front of them.

Utility player - Refers to the player who has the ability to play in different positions or perform different roles surpassing the conventional division of outfield players into defenders, midfielders, and strikers.

V

Vanishing spray - A material applies to a football pitch as a temporary visual marker, which helps referee for indicating the minimum distance that the defending team may place themselves from the ball while a direct free kick, and indicating the spot from where the kick is taken.

VAR - Acronym for video assistant referee that is exactly a group of three people (video assistant referee, his assistant, and a replay operator) who sit together to review particular decisions made by the head referee by watching video replays of the related incidents. They are located in a video operation room that is basically a bank of monitors providing different camera angles. VAR usually reviews four types of decisions such as doubtful goals, red cards, wrong player selection while showing a yellow or red card, and penalties. For a verdict made on the field to be overturned, it might be a "clear error".

Venue - The place where football competition held. One or more contests take place at a single venue and converted into a comparatively short time interval.

Verrou sytem - Karl Rappan (former Australian Player and Switzerland Coach) invented a system in which four players play in defense and one among them is used as a "security bolt" following the other three. The system suggests that players can switch positions and duties according to the pattern of the match.

Versatility - Players having many different skills that means a player can play in more than one position effectively.
Victory international    This term signifies two international football match series played between England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales national teams at end of the First and Second World Wars to rejoice the Victory of the Allied Powers.

Video - An electronic mode to record, copy, playback, broadcast, and display of a game. Videos are helpful for analyzing gaming techniques of any player and determining the close decisions like whether a ball crosses the goal line, using immediate replays offered by television cameras.

Video replay - Video footages saw by the referee to make the right decisions. Video assistant referee (VAR) generally evaluates the decisions made by the main referee by using video footage and a headset for communication.

Video technology - Refers to the technique in which Video Assistant Referee uses video footage to reviews whether the decisions made by the head referee is correct or incorrect.

Violent conduct - When a player uses excessive force or brutality against the opposing team member or a team-mate, spectator, match official or any other person, he/she might be guilty of violent conduct.

Volley - A kick made on the football before it touches the ground. Player usually directs the ball in an inclined direction before it reaches the ground.  It is extremely difficult to aim and needs good foot-eye coordination and timing.

Vuvuzela - Refers to a long horn blown by supporters in order to cheer their favorite team or players during football matches in South Africa.

W

W M formation - The system describes the position of the players on the field. Herbert Chapman of Arsenal formed it in the mid-1920s to counter a change in the offside law in 1925. According to this formation the number of opposing players that attackers required between themselves and the goal-line reduced from three to two.

Wall - It is a defensive strategy, which involves placing a line of players before an opponent taking a free kick. The arrangement of a wall of players can cut off the angles created by the opponent while attempting a goal or passing to a partner. The wall has to be positioned at approx. 10 yards away from the free kick location.

Wall pass - Refers to the movement executed by passing the ball to another player and sprints onward to get the rapidly played return.  This is a combination pass also called as a one-two pass in which the wing player passes the ball from the exterior of the field to a team member located toward the central part of the field and who acts as a wall and rapidly passes the ball back in front of the wing player.

Want away - Players who publically announce their intentions to leave their existing club.

War chest - Fund offered to a manager by a chairperson of a football club to obtain new players for the team.

Wartime international - This term is used for international footballers throughout World War I and II; During these wars,  no authorized international matches were played.

Wasted ball - The term refers to an outstanding pass that a teammate receives inadequately by leaving the ball or playing it wrong. It is generally a good chance missed by the player.  

Water logged pitch - When a large amount of rainwater accumulated on the pitch and it becomes difficult to play the game. In such conditions, the referee decides whether the match can be held or not.

Websites - A set of data and information about football events, tournaments, clubs, players, winners, awards, etc. that is available on the internet.

Webster ruling - In the UK, a legal verdict came out in 2006 that permits a football player to leave a club after a fixed period yet if it is less than the period written in their contract. Andy Webster was the first player to take advantage of the updated transfer regulations of FIFA, which allow players to leave from a contract after a fixed time, in spite of the duration of the contract itself.

Weighted ball - It is a size five ball which is weighted on the basis of age groups.  The main idea and belief behind it, are to get children at every age group playing with size five footballs, which are generally much lighter than average size of five balls.
 
Wembley - Refers to a football stadium in London. It was opened in 2007, since then the stadium has been hosting major football matches along with England national football team home matches, and the FA Cup Final.

Wembley Wizards - The nickname was given to the national football team of Scotland who won against England by 5–1 at Wembley in the 1928 British Home Championship.

Whistle - An object holds on the lips of the referee that blow through in order to give different signals to the player.  It is crucial to understand what the signals of the referee mean so that while playing, the players must know what is happening.

Win - A successful result in any football competition.

Winded - Refers to the condition when player becomes unable to breathe due to the continuous running on the field or a forceful blow to the abdomen.

Wing - As from the viewpoint of a defender, the two "wide" regions of the pitch (extreme sides) are referred to as the left and right wings.  

Wing half - Refers to the position of midfielders who played close to the side of the playing field. It became outdated as fullbacks have become nearly a part of the defense.

Wingback - Refers to the player playing close to the edge of the field and capable to perform attacks and defends.

Winger - An attacking midfielder in a wide location on the field. Wingers are generally players who have the great pace or dribbling ability that make them capable of cut-backs or crosses from which strikers can score. Their main work is to support attack from the wings.

Wingless Wonders - This phrase is used by the press when Ramsey (an English footballer and Manager) set up a new 4–3–3 system which relies on stamina-based midfielders rather than natural wingers

Winter break - al or continental seasons suspended in half.

Withdrawn - Refers to the player who plays a role of forwarding or attacking midfielder rather than their conventional positions. A forward or attacking midfielder who goes down deep may be depicted as playing in a withdrawn role. Even it is used for referring the player who has been substituted.

Wizard of the Dribble - The nickname offered to Sir Stanley Matthews, CBE who was an English footballer played in the era of 1915 - 2000. He is one of the best players of the British game, who first won the European Footballer of the Year and the Football Writers' Association Footballer of the Year awards.

Woodwork - A general explanation of the posts and the crossbar. For e.g. A shot at goal hit either the post or the crossbar and continue in play. Though goals are no longer made of wood, however, the phrases like "the ball came back off the woodwork" is still widely used.

Work rate - The amount of effort made by the team or players to get possession of the ball when they do not have it during a match.
World Club Championship    An international association football competition for men, organized by the FIFA to formally allocate the world title. In the year 2000, this competition was first played with the name FIFA Club World Championship.

World Cup - Refers to a quadrennial tournament that decides the world champion of football. World Cup officially known as FIFA World Cup is the biggest event that draws millions of television viewers. The first contest for the cup was organized in 1930 by the FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association), and was won by team Uruguay, later, it was held every four years. The World Cup teams are not restricted to players of a definite age or amateur rank, so the contests remain between the best players in the world.

Worldy - A Pro FIFA player Matt Barnard in Gloucester originated this term first in 2010 that refer to a goal which is considered as world class.

X

X rated challenge - The term refers to cruel tackle when a player has prospective motivation to harm an opponent.

XI - Refers to the number 11, usually the present players on the pitch. It is used in a reference like “A team has a powerful starting XI but their bench is shit.”

Y

Yellow Card - Signal used as a way to discipline players for misbehavior during the game. If players committed any of six offenses such as unsporting behavior, dissent by action or word, continuous breach of laws, interrupting play restart, not standing the needed distance, entering or re-entering the field he or she can get a yellow card. A player receiving a yellow card may keep on playing the game, however, receiving many yellow cards all through the season can also result in a suspension, based on the league/tournament.

Yo yo club - The term used for a sporting side that is frequently promoted and relegated. This phrase is common in the United Kingdom association football, particularly in reference to promotion and relegation from the Premier League.

Youth - The time-frame between childhood and adult age, when an individual plays a football.

Z

Zona mista - Strategic theory in which any outfield player can concurrently use defensive individual marking linked to catenaccio, the zonal games, and nonstop attack on the spaces traits from total football.

Zonal marking - A defensive technique in which the defenders cover an area of the field rather than marking a particular opponent. A crucial strategy ensures no spaces are left in the defensive coverage.

 
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