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0-9
19th hole -  A slang phrase for a restaurant, bar, or pub, which are on or close to the golf course, too often the clubhouse itself. A normal round of golf has only 18 holes of play. On miniature golf courses, there is a 19th hole wherein if an ace is scored, one gets a free game.

A
Above the hole -  The golf ball position with regard to the hole, once it is on the green.
    
Ace - When a golfer hits the ball straight from the tee into the hole with just a single stroke. It is also known as a hole in one.

Address - The position, which the player assumes when looking to hit a ball. Generally, the player takes a stance and located the clubhead at the back of the ball, and looking to make hit on the ball.

Adjusted Gross Score - The gross score of the player when reduced based on the Equitable Stroke Control rule or any particular local circumstances when accepted by an authorized body.
   
Aerosol - A player who not often strikes the ball in a constant line.

Aggregate - A score achieved over more than one round of play, or by 2 or more players playing as allies.
   
Aim - Usually, the direction wherein the target of a player lies and the direction the player aim for the ball to go.

Aiming - The act of line up the clubface to the aim.
   
Air shot - No golfer wants this shot as it simply refers to a swing and a miss. The player generally walks toward the ball, took his posture and addresses spot, swung the golf club with the aim of hitting the ball, but missed it completely. Generally, made no connection with the ball.

Albatross - This term denotes three under par, however, the double eagle synonym is just a continuance of the aviary idea of good scores. The albatross is exceptional, as is a three-under-par.
   
Alignment - In relation to the target line of the ball, the position of a player’s body is referred to as alignment.

All square (AS) - This term describes the scoring of match play; generally indicate that either players or teams have gained the same number of holes and the match is tied at present.
   
Alloy - This is a blend of special metals combined to gain advantages from the blend of the two substances.

Ambrose - A system of team play, allowing each player to take a tee shot, after which the good ball position is selected. All the players of the team then take a shot from the new position and move on. It is also called the Texas Scramble.

Angle of approach - The angle whereat the club head hit the ball. This is usually described with the phrase i.e. descending blow, which means the clubhead is moving downward at the point of impact.

Approach shot - When players strike the ball with the aim of landing it into the green.

Apron - The grass plane on the perimeter of the green, which separates it from the adjacent fairway or rough. It is also called frog-hair, or fringe.

Artisan - A membership class of a golf club that has restricted rights because of a low cost.

Attend (the flag-stick) - When a golfer holds and removes the flag-stick for another golfer.

Austin - Any ball, which lands off of the ground yet still on an abstract line passing through the flag-stick.

Away - The person farthest away from the hole and the initial to play.

Axis - A straight line, which the upper body revolves around in the route of the golf swing.

B
BIGGA - Is the specialized association in the UK, which generally deals with all subjects of golf management from a point of view of greens-keeper.
   
Back - This term either refers to the last 9 holes of a golf course or a tee position, which makes the hole longest.
    
Back Foot - This refers to the foot of the player, which is far away from the aim when addressing the ball.
    
Back Nine - The last 9 holes of an eighteen-hole golf course.
    
Back Tees - Also called the tips, generally refers to the outermost set of tees from the hole on each hole.
    
Back weighting - Generally present in woods to support a higher trajectory and constancy, or in mallet putters to support a good roll of the ball and a more steady club.

Back-swing - The golf-swing first part is known as the backswing which generally begins with the club-head straight away behind the ball and finishes when the club-head travels back at the back of the player's head.

Backspin - A backward spin, which takes place when a player hits the golf-ball. The spin results in the ball to stop rapidly or spin backward after landing on the ground.
 
Bag - A container that holds the club covers, balls, tees, golf clubs,  rain gear, umbrella, divot tool, club brush, and many more required items.
    
Bag Stand - A stand holding a players golf bag when they are practicing on the driving range is called Bag stand

Balance - The proper sharing of weight both at the address and all through the swing.
    
Balance point - The precise spot on the golf shaft where the clubhead end of the golf club and the grip end of the club balance when located on a fulcrum.
    
Balata - A rubber-like material, used as a wrap substance for golf balls. It is rare to find pure balata, manufacturers generally use a mix or synthetic material. Many players favor balata or balata-like covers as it offers a softer feel and enhanced spin.
    
Ball - A small sphere-shaped object which is used to play golf. The ball is aimed to be struck by a golfer swinging a club. Balls are made of different materials and generally remain white with dimples.
    
Ball In Pocket (B.I.P.) - When a golfer has picked up his ball and does not aim to finish a hole with a legal score
    
Ball Mark - The depression, which a ball makes when it hits the ground.
    
Ball Marker - Any object, which is used for marking the position of a ball on the green.
    
Ball retriever - A device used to collect the ball from out of depth places like water regions. They are usually telescopic and made to fit in a golf bag.
    
Ball-Washer - A device set up on many tees to clean golf balls.

Ballooning - When a player tries to get excessive climb or lift in a shot beyond its normal trajectory. It causes the shot to fall short of the planned distance

Banana - A shot or slice, which curves powerfully left to right.

Banana-ball - The severe slice, which forms a trajectory like the shape of a banana. Also called an extreme slice.

Bandit - This term describes someone who plays golf better than their handicap suggests.

Bare Lie - When the golf ball lies straight on solid ground with no grass to buoy the ball up, means there is no grass making a space between the ball and the ground.

Baseball Grip - A way to hold the club by keeping all ten fingers on the grip with no overlying or interlocking fingers

Beach - Refers to any sand-filled hazard

Belly putter - A putter, which is longer than a standard putter, whereby the club’s butt rests on the player’s torso, which is utilized as a pivot point for the club to travel around.  They are usually more than 40 inches long.

Below The Hole - The low side of the hole, the ground which lies downhill of the hole.

Bent Grass - An extremely flat, fine-bladed grass generally utilized for putting greens.

Bent shaft - A kind of shaft, used with some putters to get a different range of offset and get clear visuals too.

Best ball - A kind of team plays generally two-, three-, or four-person teams. On each hole, the score of a team is the lowest score attained by one of the team members.

Better Ball - Refers to the most excellent score for a team

Biarritz - A putting green featuring a swale or deep gully, intersecting its middle.

Birdie - 1 under par score on a hole is called Birdie.

Bisque - It is a kind of handicapping utilized in private match play games. The superior handicapped golfer is permitted to select on which holes they get their handicap allowance of "free shots". The bisque match is not documented by the golf rules.

Bite - A ball having enough backspin is said to bite, as it remains quite near to where it landed or even spins back toward the player.

Blade - Regarding putters, this term is used to denote one with a narrow clubhead from front to back. Regarding irons, this term denotes the striking area of the club but also can be a type of iron, which is conventional in shape and has no cavity back.

Bladed Shot - Called a skulled shot, which takes place when the golf ball's top half is hit with the iron's bottom part that causes a low-running shot.

Blast - A shot which removes a huge amount of sand or earth with the ball, since from a buried lie in a bunker.

Blast shot - A shot utilized mainly in bunkers, which targets to hit the ground under the ball at an exact depth so that the ball is not straight hit by the club, but somewhat move with the sand or other material.

Blind - A shot, which does not let the player see where the ball will land.

Blind Shot - A shot whose landing area cannot be predicted by the player.

Block - A swing wherein the rotation of the forearms is late or prevented all through the hitting area, usually producing a hit, which flies to the right of the target.

Bobbing - The act to raise and lower the swing center in the route of the swing.

Bogey - This refers to a score, which is 1 over par on a single hole.

Bogey golfer - Refers to a golfer whose handicap lies in the range twenty to twenty-four

Bore-Through - A way to fix the golf shaft to the clubhead.

Borrow - Refers to how far to one side of the hole you have to target to account for the angle of the green.

Bounce - The angle measurement from the front edge of a sole of the club to the point, which lies on the ground when addressing the golf ball. With relates to edges, a bounce is a sole angle where the back edge of the sole remains lower than the front edge, which keeps them from digging very deep in sand or being stopped by soaring grass.

Bounce Back - When a player scores a birdie or better on a hole quickly after a bogey or worse.

Boundaries - Boundary markers are present along the fairways to indicate the field of play. Usually, out of bounds areas are marked by white posts.

Bowed - The wrist position at the top of the backswing wherein the top wrist is bent a little inward.

Bracket - Taking extra clubs i.e. one higher and one lower — than the club you think you have to hit a particular shot.

Break - The putt ball’s tendency to roll left or right of a straight line. This deviation occurs due to various factors such as a grain of the grass, uneven surface, how tightly the putt is struck, etc. In the UK, it is even called a borrow.

Breaking wrists - Many teachers support the use of stiff wrists when chipping or putting, which means the hands should not remain at a steady angle to the forearms.

Broomhandle - A putter having an additional long shaft, which is made to be held at the club's butt with the left hand and lower down with the right hand.

Brush (Club) - This refers to a device, which has special bristles for cleaning dirt and debris from the channels on the clubface of all clubs but the putter. Usually, players carry the club brush in their golf bag.

Buggy - This refers to an electric car, which is used to carry players and their tools around the course.

Bullarding - Playing consistently beyond your regular handicap or frequently failing to get in competition play. It is the reverse of sandbagging.

Bump and run - Refers to a low-trajectory shot, planned to get the ball rolling along the fairway and up onto the green. It is like a chip shot, except it is played from a greater distance.

Bunker - An area on the ground generally bore of turf and made as a risk by filling it with sand or a similar substance. The bunker’s lip is not covered in grass and is also considered an element of the bunker.  Certain rules relate when playing from bunkers, which are different from the usual play.

Bunker Fairway - A bunker situated on or in the fairway

Bunker Green-side - A bunker beside or even in green.

Buried Elephant - A particularly high mound or hump, often used while referring to the surface of a putting green

Butt - The last end of the club on the side where the grip is placed. Usually, on the top of the butt, there is one hole.

Bye - When the foremost match finishes early, a short game is played over the leftover holes as one player or team has won by a big margin.

C
COR Coefficient of Restitution - Refers to the energy transfer efficiency from one object to another. Regarding drivers, COR is the efficiency of the clubhead in terms of transferring energy to the ball.
   
Cabbage - Vegetation off the fairway or deep rough is referred to as Cabbage.
    
Caddy - An attendant, who comes with you around the course, generally with good local course knowledge. Caddies often provide advice and are likely to carry and clean your clubs during the round.
    
Calcutta - A wager, usually supporting one team to win a tournament. An auction wherein people bid on golfers or teams in a tournament.
    
Call Up - Generally on par 3 holes the group A signals for group B for playing their shots when group A contacts the green rather than waiting for them to end the hole. It is carried out for improving the pace of play.
    
Carpet  - Nickname is entitled to the region of shorter grass such as the fairway or the green.
    
Carry - This refers to the distance, which a ball travels from contact to hit the ground.
    
Cart / Buggy - This refers to a small electric vehicle, generally used to carry people around the golf course.
    
Carve - This term is used to describe shaping or bending a shot to fit a territory of hole or curve around something
    
Cast - This refers to the process of making a clubhead by pouring molten metal into a cast. This is the simplest method to mass-produce golf clubs as compare to forging.
    
Casting The Club - When the wrist of the player unbalances very early in the downswing that causes a loss of clubhead speed.
    
Casual water - A temporary increase of water outside of a water hazard, which is noticeable before or after a player takes their position
    
Cavity back - Irons having a hollowed-out region at the back of the club. This is because the weight taken out can be reallocated in another place. The weight redistribution then makes a more forgiving club.
    
Centre Shafted - Most putters trait a shaft, which enters the putter head in the direction of the heel of the club. A center-shafted putter fits directly into the center the head close to the sweet spot.
    
Centre of Gravity CG or COG - This refers to the position in space where the mass of the clubhead is centered. It perhaps positioned either on or off the club head and is usually misunderstood as the sweet spot.
    
Centrifugal Force - The movement in a rotating body that is likely to move mass away from the center. Generally, the force which player experience in the downswing that pulls the clubhead outward and downward, widening the arms and supporting to take a circular path.
    
Champions Tour - The name was utilized by PGA Tour Champions from 2002 through 2015.

Chapman - The name of a two-player team competition format. Both players strike the tee shot, then play the other's ball for the next shot. Players choose the better of the second shot and play an alternating shot into the hole.

Check - Another term used for backspin.

Chicken Wing - This term describes the follow-through action of a player, generally, a slicer of a ball, in which the right-handed player’s bent his left arm in such a way that it resembles a chicken wing.

Chili Dip - When a pitch shot or short chip is strike fat or chunked that causes the ball to go a much smaller distance than projected

Chip - This refers to a short shot, which is usually played from very near to and around the green, generally projected to move through the air over a very small distance and revolves the rest of the way to the hole.

Chip Out - Hitting a comparatively small chip shot to get out from trouble, when a longer shot is required but hindered

Chip-Off - A way to break a tie by seeing who gets a chosen chip stroke nearer to the hole

Chip-and-run - When a golfer makes an attempt to play the golf ball down the ground like a chip, even though from a larger distance.

Chip-in - A chip shot that directly put the ball into a hole.

Chipper - A club especially made for chipping the ball. They are generally an aid for players who find difficulty while chipping with other clubs.

Choke Down - Holding the club’s grip lower down than normal.  Simply it means moving hands more down the grip.

Chunk - A swing, which results in the club-head striking the ground prior to the ball that causes a large chunk of the ground being taken as a divot. Even known as a fat shot or chili-dipping.

Claggy Lie - A British phrase for a muddy or wet lie.

Claw Grip - An unusual way of gripping the putter, famous by PGA Tour player Chris DiMarco, in which bottom hand fingers curl over the top of the club’s grip instead of usual i.e. under the grip

Cleek - Refers to a golf club with a metal head and little loft. As good as 1 or 2 iron a modern set of clubs.

Clone - This refers to the golf clubs that look similar to more notable brands. Clone golf clubs resemble budget brand golf clubs characteristics without violating any patents

Closed face - With regards to the target-line, when the club-face is angled in the direction of the golfer’s body, i.e., angled left for right-handed players.

Closed stance - When a golfer's front foot is set nearer to the target-line. It is useful for drawing the ball or preventing a slice.

Club -

  1. An instrument utilized by a golfer to strike a golf ball. A golfer is permitted to carry up to 14 clubs during a round of golf.
  2. A controlled group of golfers, generally owning or running a golf course.
  3. The sum of a golf facility that includes club-house, practice areas, course, pro-shop, etc.

Club Head Speed - The club head’s velocity, generally measured as the top speed gained at impact with the ball.

Club Path - Refers to the swing path i.e. the path the clubhead is traveling

Club Professional - A golf expert associated with the functioning of a golf facility, particularly as opposed to a Touring professional golfer.

Club length - Refers to the length from the sole of the club to the grip butt’s end. Generally used when measuring the region wherein you can drop or tee a golf ball.

Club-face - The club-head surface prepared to hit the golf ball. Hitting the ball with the middle of the clubface maximize distance and accuracy.

Club-head - The club’s part used to hit the ball.

Clubhouse - A building on a golf course that provides various facilities to the players such as a bar, offices for club officials, changing rooms, restaurant, and notice boards that include details about local rules, the conditions of the course, forthcoming events, etc.

Cock Wrist - A motion, which is used in certain golf shots. When a player holds their hands with palms touching in front, it is the movement in their wrists that brings their hands up and closer towards them.

Coefficient Of Restitution - This term describes how much of the new kinetic energy remains after a collision of the clubhead with the golf ball.

Coil - When a player turns the body away from the aim in the backswing

Collar - Refers to fringe, apron, frog hair; the short grass, which splits the putting green from fairway or rough

Come-backer - A putt needed after the preceding putt went past the hole.

Commit - Maintaining spine angle all through the shot and not lifting head and shoulders, refers to the commitment towards the shot. It is even used to denote a complete follow-through, particularly in a chip or putt.

Committee - Group of people who are in charge of the competition or the course

Component - Refers to any parts of the golf club for example shaft grip, the clubhead, or ferrule.

Compress - Hitting the ball with a little downwards angle of attack of the golf club.

Coefficient Of Restitution - This term describes how much of the new kinetic energy remains after a collision of the clubhead with the golf ball.

Coil - When a player turns the body away from the aim in the backswing

Collar - Refers to fringe, apron, frog hair; the short grass, which splits the putting green from fairway or rough

Come-backer - A putt needed after the preceding putt went past the hole.

Commit - Maintaining spine angle all through the shot and not lifting head and shoulders, refers to the commitment towards the shot. It is even used to denote a complete follow-through, particularly in a chip or putt.

Committee - Group of people who are in charge of the competition or the course

Component - Refers to any parts of the golf club for example shaft grip, the clubhead, or ferrule.

Compress - Hitting the ball with a little downwards angle of attack of the golf club.

Compression - The measurement to express the rigidity of a golf ball, usually 90 compressions.

Concede - In a game, a player might concede a shot or the match whenever he likes. This is usually done on the putting green when a player concedes his challenger’s very short putt. No matter where the conceded shot takes place, it is considered holed.

Condor - This term refers to a very rare score on an individual hole i.e. four-under-par.

Continuous Putting - A common session where a player, having putt the ball near the hole, pick to end putting rather than marking their ball and waiting for finish until their turn is determined by distance from the hole

Core strength - Refers to the abdominals and back power of the player.

Count-back - A method to determine a winner of a competition when a tie occurs. There are various methods used, but usually, the scores in the last 9, last 6, last 3, and last hole are compared in turn until a winner comes out.

Course - A designated region of land on which golf is played through a usual succession from hole #1 to the final hole.

Course handicap - This refers to the par for the course, which means the score expected by a scratch golfer.

Course rating - A numerical value entitled to each set of tees at a golf course to estimate the number of hits it should take a scratch player to finish the course under usual conditions.

Courtesy of the course - Refers to the green fee waiver. Occasionally extended to visiting players playing in authorized competitions, visiting expert players, and personnel of other golf clubs.

Croquet Style - A putting posture famous by Sam Snead wherein the golfer stands aside from the ball, facing the hole, holds the club with a broadly-split grip, and hits the ball with a croquet-type blow. This hit is famous among golfers suffering from the yips.

Cross Bunker - A long or broad bunker, which crosses the fairway rather than running nearby or equivalent to the fairway

Cross Handed Grip - Simply a turnaround in the order of player’s hands when gripping club. This produces the term “left-hand-low” because right-handed players who use this method placed their left hand under their right. Also called left-hand low.

Cross-handed - A putting grip wherein the hands are located in place opposite that of the usual grip. Also called the left-hand low grip, helping players to combat the yips.

Crown - Refers to the top part of the clubhead fixed on a wood.

Cubic Centimetres CC - The clubhead volume measurement, which is used to find out the size of fairway woods and drivers.

Cup - Generally refers to the hole, however, includes the base and liner too, or sleeve, within the hole, which holds the flagstick in position

Cup Lining - Cup liner; stiff sleeve within the hole

Cupped Wrist - A position wherein the left or top hand is hinged outer at the top of the backswing.

Cut - The initial cut is the region of grass beside the fairway and is generally of a constant length. The next cut lies beyond the initial cut and is longer grass

Cut shot - A shot that gives rise to a higher trajectory than usual with higher backspin and sidespin to the right. It is used for keeping the ball on the green after landing.

D
DQ - Scoreboard short form for disqualified due to rules violation or anything.

Dance Floor - Slang phrase used for the green.

Dead - TV-broadcaster jargon for a shot wherein there is no positive outcome possible.

Dead Hands - A shot wherein the hands remain comparatively passive in the striking area that results in a shot, which flies a shorter distance than it usually would.

Dead Weight - Striking a golf ball dead is to strike a shot, which leaves the next putt a certainty.

Decelerate - The clubhead speed decrease in the hitting area.

Deep - A hole or flagstick, which is placed toward the back of the green.

Deep face - A clubface, which is comparatively high from top to bottom. This is the reverse of a shallow face or low profile.

Deep rough - Any grass that is long enough to drastically affect the striking of the ball.

Deep-Faced Driver - A driver that has greater-than-usual height on its face.

Depth Charge - A putt, which is lagged gently down a slippery slope and projected to just get close rather than strike the mark.

Deuce - Refers to a score of two on a hole

Dimple Dimple Pattern - Each golf balls have some marks on the surface of the ball. These dimples permit the ball to move more aerodynamically as compare to the smooth ball.

Dimples - The round pockmarks on a golf ball cover which are methodically made to enable the ball to make a stable and true flight. Dimples, by dropping drag, permit a golf ball to remain in the air for a longer flight than would be likely with a smooth ball.

Dip - The spine and head downward movement during the swing which is not required during the swing

Disconnected - With regard to, the torso, when the arms shift separately from, or independently, especially during impact

Divot - Refers to grass chunk and earth dislodges during a hit or the pockmark on the green due to the approach shot; more correctly known as a pitch mark or ball mark.

Dog Licence - If the margin of winning in match play is 7 and 6, the win (or loss) is known as a dog license. Until 1987,  dog owners got a license for their pet that cost 7/6d, in Great Britain.

Dog-balls - Scoring an eight to every distinct hole is known as Dog-balls and sometimes referred to as the snowman.

Dogleg - A hole, which has a major turn in the fairway (left or right).

Dormie - This refers to a game situation in which a player or team leads by the same number of holes remaining.

Dormie house - A building present at a golf club, which offers overnight accommodation.

Double Bogey - Refers to a score of two-over-par for one hole.

Double Eagle - Refers to a score of three-under-par on any individual golf hole. Also known as an Albatross.

Double cross - A shot whereby a golfer aims for a fade and strikes a hook, or on the contrary, aims to play a draw and strike a slice. So-called as the golfer has targeted left and compounds this with striking a hook, that moves left too.

Double-bend shaft - A kind of shaft, used with some putters to permit a different number of offset and image purposes.

Down - When a player plays the ball as he finds it, without changing its position or condition 

Downswing - A motion that involves the body and golf club used to move the club from the top of the swing to the point of impact.

Drain - Another word used to describe water hazard

Draw - A shot, for right-handed players, curves to the left; usually played deliberately by skilled players. An overdone draw generally turns out to be a hook.

Drink - Another word used to describe water hazard

Drive - The first hit of each hole, taken from a region called the tee box, is generally done with a driver (a kind of golf club).

Drive the green - Hitting the ball onto the green in a single shot. This is generally reserved for par four or five holes although occasionally used on long par three holes.

Driver - The longest club which is utilized for tee shots as it's prepared to strike the ball the farthest.

Driving iron - Refers to bulked-up players irons, which are prepared to strike the ball higher and farther than a normal one, two, or three irons.

Drop - A player usually takes a drop after striking his ball in a region from which he can't play another shot or chooses not to play his next shot. If the golf ball is out of bounds or in a hazard, the golfer is charged a penalty stroke for taking the drop.

Drop Area - A part of the ground where golfers can drop their ball, generally in a condition where there is not another sensible part to take a drop or for protection reasons

Dub - Hitting a shot poorly, generally fat or topped is called Dub.

Driving iron - Refers to bulked-up players irons, which are prepared to strike the ball higher and farther than a normal one, two, or three irons.

Drop - A player usually takes a drop after striking his ball in a region from which he can't play another shot or chooses not to play his next shot. If the golf ball is out of bounds or in a hazard, the golfer is charged a penalty stroke for taking the drop.

Drop Area - A part of the ground where golfers can drop their ball, generally in a condition where there is not another sensible part to take a drop or for protection reasons

Dub - Hitting a shot poorly, generally fat or topped is called Dub.

Duck Hook - A rigorous hook shot generally results in a closed clubface, which 'ducks' stridently to the ground, before running away to the player's left. Also called a snap hook.

Duff - To mis-hit a shot, generally striking it fat.

Duffer - Refers to an unskilled player.

E
Eagle - When a player strikes the ball far enough to reach the green with less hit than expected, the eagle takes place. It most normally happens on par-5 but can take place on short par-4.

Effective loft - Refers to the golf club loft at impact. When the player opens up the face of the club, the ball can be a strike on a higher as compared to the usual trajectory, thus called effective loft.

Elastomer - In golf balls, clubs, grips, and putter face inserts, there is a synthetic material present called Elastomer.

Elevated green - A green that is higher up than the region around it.

Embedded Ball - A ball, which is stuck in the ground after falling.

Etiquette - This refers to the behavior we expect while playing golf and around the golf club.

European Tour - One of the top professional golf tours in the world, along with the PGA Tour. It is generally situated in Europe, but co-sanctions the main championships and World Golf Championships in the US, plus with several other tournaments in Australia, Asia, and Africa.

Even - Having a score, which is equal to that of par.

Even Par - When a player uses a similar number of strokes as a par rating of a hole, or when the player matches the 18-hole-par of a golf course for the whole round.

Executive Course - A golf course that has slight short holes, typically par 3′s and short par 4′s

Explosion Bunker Shot - This refers to a bunker shot, which drives the ball, and complementary sand, onto the green. Also called a blast.

Explosion shot - A powerful swing of the club intentionally projected to scoop the ball out of the trap by hitting the sand just at the back of the ball and following through with the clubhead plowing through the sand beneath the ball.

F
Face - The club surface, which is used for hitting the ball.

Face Balanced - This term is applied to putters. A putter, which is face-balanced, will be privileged by players with a special kind of putting stroke. Usually, a player who utilizes a straight-back-and-through putting stroke should support face-balanced putters.

Face Insert - In putters, face insert is a softer or harder material used in the hitting region of a putter than used for the remaining club. Nowadays inserts are also available on wedges, where the grooves can be changed.

Face angle - This term is generally used in golf instruction to describe the course of the clubface with regard to the aim line. It can be open, square, or closed.

Fade - A shot, which for a right-handed player, curves little to the right, and is generally played deliberately by a skilled player. An overdone fade will look like a slice.

Fairway - The golf course area between the tee and the green, which is well-maintained permitting a good lie for the ball.

Fairway Bunker - A bunker, which lies next to, or on the fairway. They are positioned to make the course more complex and are seen as risks and penalize any misdirected tee shots

Fairway Hit - When any fraction of the ball contacts the fairway surface after the tee shot on a par of 4 or 5, it is considered as a fairway hit.

Fairway Markers - This term points out the distance from the marker to the middle of the green and sometimes provides the yardage details too for example red is equal to 100 yards, white is equal to 150 yards, blue is equal to 200 yards, yellow is equal to 250 yards.

Fairway Wood - Refers to a wood except for the driver. Fairway woods are usually made with a little shorter and rigid shaft, a minor clubhead, and more loft than a driver or 2-wood.

Fan - Whiff; missing the golf ball totally

Fat - A stroke wherein the club contacted with the turf long ahead of the ball that results in poor contact and major loss of distance.

Feel - This term describes the impression in the hands when hitting the ball with a golf club.

Ferret - Refers to the hole-out from outside the green.

Ferrule - Cosmetic addition to a golf club, which fits over the shaft of the club and forms a cosmetic changeover between the hosel and shaft.

Finish Position - Refers to the end, or the last position of the swing

First cut - This refers to the grass, which is next to the closely mowed fairway but grown a little higher than the fairway grass.

Flag - Generally, but not constantly, a fabric poster atop the pin or flagstick to make the spot of the hole visible

Flag-stick - A tall pointer, usually a metal pole that has a flag at the top and used for indicating the place of the hole on a green. The flagstick is used to make the hole position more easily visible to players many yards away from the putting green

Flange - The golf club head part, which widens from the main edge at the sole of the club to the back of the club.

Flare - A shot, which is normally high and a push

Flat Lie - This term describes that the angle between the shaft and the sole is very small. As the lie angle is very small, or flat, the golf ball is probably to be hit very low.

Flat Stick - Another word used to describe the putter

Flat swing - A swing that travels on a plane, generally more horizontal than usual. Often considered as the reverse of an upright swing.

Flex - The golf shaft ability to bend due to the applied forces during the golf swing.

Flier - This refers to a type of lie in which the ball remains in the rough and grass is possibly trapped between the ball and the club-face at impact. Flier lies generally result in flier shots, having little or no spin, and travel much beyond than projected.

Flight - Refers to the ball’s movement through the air.

Flop shot - A short hit, played with an open posture and an open club-face, made to move extremely high in the air and land softly on the green.

Fluff - This term has the same meaning as Fat, which describes a lie where the ball is staying on either long grass or large leaves

Fluffy - When the ball is lying in longish grass with loads of air underneath and loads of grass surrounding it

Flush - This term is used to describe something which was done perfectly or fits well. More expressly flush mean when a ball is hit from the sweet spot of the club that causes a pleasing sensation in the hands after impact.

Fly The Green - A shot, which goes over the green.

Flyer - Traditional golf lessons describe that when your ball is resting in light rough, you have what's known as a flyer lie.

Follow-Through - The final section of a golf swing, after the ball, has been strike.

Foot Wedge - This refers to kicking the golf ball, which is generally against the rules.

Fore - A warning scream gave when there is a possibility that the ball may strike other players or spectators.

Fore caddy - A kind of caddying where the caddy is forever ahead of the player, marking their shots where the ball land. The caddy will begin a hole by running to the landing place of his/her player's tee shot.

Forged Forging - A manufacturing method whereby heated metal is hard-pressed into shape instead of casting into molds.

Forged Forging - A manufacturing method whereby heated metal is hard-pressed into shape instead of casting into molds.

Forgiving - Quality in a club, which makes poor hits less harmful to your prospective to score well while comparing with other clubs.

Forward Swing - The downward movement of the hands, arms, and club from the apex of the backswing to impact. Another phrase for the downswing.

Four-Ball - Group of 2 pairs of players recording the ball score of each pair based on gross or net scores.

Fourball - A match in which four golfers compete with two golfers on each side. Each golfer strikes his ball.

Foursome - Any group of golfers where each golfer in each pair strikes every other shot, so if one strikes the tee shot, the next player plays the second shot and they then change on every shot until their ball reaches the hole.

Foursomes - Also called alternate shot, generally refers to a pair playing format in golf.

Free Drop - When a golfer is entitled to make a drop without a penalty hit.

Frenchie - The act to hit a golf ball, which ricochets off a tree back onto the fairway.

Frequency matching - A scientific process to provide the correct flex for each club in a bag of a player.

Fried Egg - A lie, generally in a sand-filled bunker, wherein the ball is half-buried and thus looks like a fried egg

Fried Egg Lie - When a golf ball is a strike into a bunker it sometimes makes a pattern on the surface of the bunker that looks like a fried egg. The ball settle where it lands and is only partially visible.

Fringe - The part of the fairway, usually forming an apron shape at the front, which connects the green and the fairway.

Frog Hair - The short grass, which parts the putting green from fairway or rough

Front nine - The first 9 holes of an eighteen-hole golf course, also called the outward nine.

Full Finger Grip - A method to hold the club by all ten fingers on the grip with no overlying or interlocking fingers

Full swing - The most generally swing that has a full backswing and through-swing. It is utilized for most iron and wood shots.

Funnies - Different informal accomplishments, both positive and negative; Funnies are different from conventional achievements such as birdies or eagles.

G
GCSAA - The American professional organization for golf course administrators.

GIR Green in Regulation - Hitting the ball on the green within a specific number of shots. The GIR alters depending on the par of the hole, for instance, for a par three it is one, for a par four it is two and for a par five, it is three. It is useful for showing the accuracy of a player’s approach shots.

Gallery - Refers to the spectators on the golf course to see the competition.

Gear effect - This phrase is used to clarify how and why striking the ball off-center alters the ball flight.

Ghin - Short for Golf Handicap and Information Network, which was started in 1981  by the USGA

Gilligan - This term is the opposite of a Mulligan. When Gilligans are approved in a game, your challenger has the right to ask you to play a hit again - usually, a good drive or a long putt holed.

Gimme - A putt, which the other players agree can count automatically without in fact being played. Gimme is not permitted by the rules in stroke play, but usually practiced in casual matches.

Glove - Many golfers use gloves on the opposite hand to their strong hand, for example, right-handed players use it on the left hand and a left-hand player on their right hand.

Go To School - Learning from another player’s shot (generally linked with putting – considering how a putt on a related line to your own will break)

Golden Ferret - When a player holes the ball directly from a bunker.

Goldie Bounce - When the golf ball hits a tree deep in the rough and rebounds onto the fairway.

Golf club - This term has different meanings such as:

  1. An implement utilized by a golfer to hit a golf ball. A golfer is permitted to carry up to 14 clubs during a round of golf.
  2. An organized group of players that owns or manage a golf course.
  3. The total golf facility that includes club-house, course, pro-shop, practice areas, etc.

Good-good - When both golfers in a match agree to concede putts of each other.

Gorse - Refers to the shrub founded across the UK and parts of Europe. It is especially spiny and hard to play golf shots from.

Grain - The direction wherein the grass grows, particularly on the green. Based on the grass range on the green and mowing patterns, grain can considerably influence the pace and movement of a putt

Grand slam - Winning the entire major championships of golf in the same calendar year.

Graphite - Strong composite material, which is known for its weight and used for the shafts of almost all drivers, irons, and fairway woods.

Grass bunker - Regardless of the name grass bunker is not considered a hazard, relatively it is simply an area on the course, which looks like a bunker because of its look and is grassy rather than filled with sand.

Green - Area of a golf course located around the hole that has very short grass, for putting.

Gorse - Used to designate a retail golf shop operation on the building of a golf course.

Green Jacket - Prominent jacket awarded yearly to the US Masters Golf tournament champions. The tournament is generally held in Augusta Florida. It is awarded to the new champion by the previous year champion.

Green fee - The money, which is paid so that players can play on a golf course.

Green in regulation (GIR) - Hitting the ball onto the green within a particular number of shots. The Green in regulation alters depending on the par of the hole, for example, for a par three it is one, for a par four it is two and for a par five, it is three. It is utilized as a statistic to highlight the accuracy of a player’s approach shots.

Greenies - Refers to a wager whereby the golfer, who strikes the ball nearest to the hole in regulation, wins the bet.

Greenkeeper - The person who has the responsibility to upkeep and maintain the golf course.

Greenside bunker - It is the only shot in golf where golfers are not striking the golf ball. The club goes into the sand prior to the ball and flies out of the bunker on a sand’s cushion. Basically, player is usually striking behind the ball and fatting the shot.

Greensome - Alike a foursome. Both golfers take their tee shot, then carry on further to choose the best tee shot and play alternate shots until the end of the hole.

Grip - This term either describes the golf club handle which is generally covered with rubber or leather or also used to describe the holding, or way to hold a golf club

Groove - The horizontal depressions on a golf clubface, which offers grip when hitting the ball. It creates backspin and lifts.

Gross score - Complete shots required for a hole (or round) before accounting for a player’s handicap.

Ground the Club - Allowing the club to touch the ground. When a player is in a hazard for instance a bunker he is not permitted to ground the club under penalty of losing two strokes in stroke play or the loss of the hole in the game.

Ground under repair (GUR) - If a part of the golf course is under maintenance and a player’s ball lands there, players are allowed to remove the ball from there without penalty.

Grounding the club - Placing the club-face at the back of the ball on the ground at address. When playing from any marked hazard or in a bunker, grounding the club is banned.

Group Lesson - A teaching gathering wherein several pupils work with one or more PGA Professionals. Group lessons are useful for beginners, particularly juniors.

H
Hack - To swing violently at the ball, or a poor attempt to hit the ball.

Hacker - This term refers to a player who shows poor golf etiquette or a player with a lack of skill who usually becomes frustrated or quits the game.

Half - A golf phrase used in a game for indicating a tie score on either an individual hole or for a whole match.

Half Shot - It refers to the reduced swing while taking a shot. Generally used for shorter shots or where the extra control is essential.

Half set - A golf club set, which has fewer clubs than normal 14 clubs. Often utilized by starters as it is a contemptible way to begin playing golf.

Halfway house or Halfway hut - A building, usually between the ninth and tenth holes that offers light snacks and refreshments to the players during their round.

Halve - When a match gets tie on a given hole in gameplay.

Halve, a hole, a match - When a match or hole gets tie in match play golf.

Ham And Egg - When players on a two-man team complement each other during a play — generally thought of in terms of “better ball” condition

Handicap - A numerical evaluation of a player's potential, which is used to enable players of different capabilities to compete against one another.

Handsy - A player that utilizes high much wrist movement in his golf swing or putting shot that results in inconsistent shots or putts.

Hang time - The time period of the ball staying in the air before landing.

Hanging lie - When the golf ball lies underneath the level of the player’s feet at address.

Hard-pan - Hard, generally uncovered ground conditions. Usually, this term refers to hard, dry clay that no or little grass.

Hazard - Refers either to any bunker or permanent water that includes any ground marked as a section of that water hazard. Special rules are applied when players playing from a hazard.

Headcover - A cover for the club, which ensures that it not damaged while moving around.

Heavy - To strike the ball heavy means that rather than striking the ball first and then the ground, the player strikes the ground first and then the ball, which slows down the club radically and due to which the stroke generally ends up well short of where the player aimed it.

Heel - This is the part of the club-head which is nearby the shaft.

Heel-toe, weighting - Clubhead design wherein addition weight is placed toward the heel and toe – with less weight in the middle — for stabilizing the club on off-middle impacts and create straighter shots.

Hickory shaft - This refers to the wooden shafts generally used in golf clubs before steel shafts were introduced.

High modulus graphite - Refers to very stiff graphite.

High side - The uphill border of the cup when it is on any slope

Hitch - A noticeable uneven spot or hitch in the flow of a golf swing.

Hold - This term is described as:

  1. When the golf ball settle close to where it lands, not rolling much ahead
  2. Staying the ball on the green after landing

Hold the green - Hitting a stroke that lands on the green and also remains on the green.

Hole - This term has three different meanings:

  1. 4¼ inch length hole in the ground into which the ball is to be entered to score points.
  2. the entire distance end to end of the playing area and immediate surrounding area from the teeing ground to the putting green
  3. Playing the ball into the hole

Hole High - When the golf ball covered the right distance and is even with the hole, but remains off to one side or the other

Hole In One - Hitting the ball into the hole with the first hit of the ball of any given hole.

Hole Out - This term describes that golfer is continually playing the ball until it enters the hole.

Hole in one insurance - Many tournaments provide high prizes if a golfer shoots a hole in one on an exact hole. Hole in one insurance is present for individuals to cover the charges of a round of drinks on the occasion of their attaining a hole in one.

Holed - When a ball is hit straight into the hole it is said to be holed.

Home - This term refers to reaching the green with a shot or refers to the clubhouse or surrounding area of the initial point and finishing point of a round of golf.

Honour - Having the benefit of teeing off first. This is generally determined by a coin toss for the initial hole. Whichever golfer attains the lowest score for a hole has the honor for the subsequent hole.

Hood Hooding - This term generally means deliberately closing the clubface to decrease the loft of the club.

Hook - Shot, which bows strongly from right to left for the right-hander and the opposite for the left-hander.

Hosel - The hollow portion of the club-head where the shaft is fixed. Striking the ball off the hosel is called the shank.

Hybrid - A type of club whose design is borrowed from irons and woods both, but it is quite different in reality. The term hybrid derives from genetics denoting a blend of 2 different species with popular traits of both, and the phrase here has been comprehensive, merging the recognizable swing mechanics of an iron with the more lenient nature and improved distance of a wood.

I
Impact - The moment eventually where the club making contact with the ball

Improved Lie - This refers to the action of changing the lie of the ball so as to get better its contact with the clubhead. Rules that direct improving a ball’s lie are generally put in place for an event such as a soggy or wet course and for winter too.

In Play - A shot, which comes to rest inside the boundaries of the golf course.

In The Leather - A ball, which lies near to the hole; so named as it was weighed by the leather of the putter grip.

In contention - A player who has a great chance of winning a tournament is said to be in contention.

Insert - A material located inside the clubface that has reverse traits to the material the club is made of. Most commonly observed in putters it is generally done to make a softer feel at impact.

Inside Path, Out to In - In golf training, inside refers to the place of the clubhead with regards to a neutral swing plane. If the place of the clubhead is inside, the clubface is on a steeper path than an outside line.

Inside The Leather - This phrase describes that opponents or playing partners will offer the next putt to the player if his preceding putt ends close enough to the hole that it's inside a circle from the lip of the cup whose radius is the space from the putter’s sole to the putter grip bottom.

Intended line - Also called an aim line which refers to an imaginary line intended to begin the ball moving upon. In an impartial stance when the player aims to strike the ball straight, the intended line is pointed straight at the target (generally the hole).

Interlocking Grip - Grip style in which the pinkie finger of the right hand is curved around the index finger of the left.

Investment casting - Stainless steel investment casting is considered as a copy method and the mold, which is utilized for every clubhead. The mold generally reflects the clubhead.

Inward nine - The back 9 holes of a golf course, so-called as older links courses were made to come back "in" toward the clubhouse after going "out" on the front 9.

Iron - A club, which has a flat-faced solid metal head usually numbered from one to nine that indicate rising loft.

J
Jab - A putting shot, which is short, fast, and, usually, unpredictable.

Jigger - This term refers to the extremely low lofted iron, shortened shaft – like a current chipper.

Jumper - A shot, which flies farther than projected or a lie resulting in the ball to fly farther than projected

K
Kick point - The shaft part, which bows the most during the downswing and through impact.

Kikuyu - Refers to the grass, which is usually thick or grabby when golfers try to removes themselves from the rough.

Kil the Ball - Hitting the golf ball extremely hard or making an extremely aggressive swing.

Kinetic Energy - The type of energy connected with the speed of an object. In a golf ball, there is always some kind of potential energy, which is generally converted into kinetic energy.

Kitty Litter - Another phrase used for a sand-filled bunker.

Knee Knocker - A short putt, that you actually shouldn't miss, but usually do.

Knickers - American phrase used for golf trousers, which has below the knee height and worn with knee socks. In Britain, it is known as plus fours or plus twos.

Knife - Slang phrase used for the 1-iron. The 1-iron was recognized as the sharpest blade of all in the days when the entire iron heads were fake.

Knock Down Shot - Also known as a punch shot, which has a low trajectory that restricted the effect of wind.

Knock Down - A kind of shot, which has a low trajectory, use to battle strong winds.

L
Lag - This term either refers to a long putt projected to simply get the ball near to the hole or during the downswing, how faraway the club-head "lags" at the back of the hands before release.

Lag Putt - A long putt that due to the length, the player does not suppose to make but hopes to get near to the cup.

Laid off - This is a position when the club points along the way left of the aim at the pinnacle of the backswing. The club is under the ideal plane and from here; the golfer usually finds it hard to constantly square the face at impact.

Lake ball - Balls, which are frequently, but not always, recovered from lakes to be sold again.

Lateral Slide - A movement before time in the forward swing wherein the hips start to slide to the aim and turn while, simultaneously, the weight starts to shift from the trailside to the aim side. The motion timing is important to a proper swing.

Launch angle - The first elevation angle of the ball relating to the ground instantly after impact with the clubhead. It is demonstrated in black. Our imaginary player has driven the ball from right to left.

Lay up - A stroke intentionally played with a shorter range club than to achieve the pin, so as to position the ball in a particular spot. This is perhaps done to make sure a more comfortable next hit or to avoid a hazard.

Leader In The Clubhouse - The player who has the lowest score having finished regulation play

Leading edge - This refers to the face of the club’s front part of the bottom, which enters the ground first.

Leak  - This term resembles a fade or slice, when the golf ball leaks it travels away from the aim to the right (for a right-handed player).

Leven - A short par four, generally 330 to 360 yards. Waste area or Fairway bunker confronts players to make a heroic take for an open approach to the green.

Lie - Place where the golf ball is resting on the course, thus a 'good lie', or 'poor lie'. Even the slant at which the clubhead is set on the shaft.

Lie angle - The shaft angle in comparison to the club’s sole

Lift - A mechanical phrase for the force acting upwards on the golf ball.

Line - This term refers to the path taken by the ball that takes from its present position to the hole.

Line up - Determining the slope or break of the green to make a decision about which way to strike the ball.

Links - The golf course, located on coastal terrain having dunes and is highly exposed to the wind. This course links' the mainland to the sea.

Links Course - A course, which is situated close to the sea. This course has hard and fast greens, windy conditions, and slight fairways.

Lip - This term is used to describe the edge of the hole.

Lip out - A putt, which hits the edge of the hole and revolves around the rim without dropping in.

Lob - Refers to hitting a high shot

Lob wedge - A golf club that has extra loft as compared to the sand wedge. Loft ranges from 58-62 degrees.

Local rule - Golf rules modification according to the local condition for general play or a particular competition.

Loft - The angle between the face of the club and shaft of the club.

Long game - The shots collection, which is used from outside approximately one-eighty yards.

Long irons - Any of the one, two, or three irons. They are disreputably hard to strike because of the small clubface, long club length, and low loft.

Long putter - A putter having an extra-long shaft and is made to be held at the club’s butt with the left hand, (for a right-hander) and lower down with the right hand. It is mainly used by a player who has difficulty with the yips.

Loop - Another phrase for a round of golf or a noticeable disparity in the way of the clubhead between the backswing and downswing

Loose impediment - Any natural thing, which is not fixed or growing

Lost Ball - Any ball, which cannot be found within 5 minutes of starting a search for it

Low Side - A putt, which misses on the amateur side. It simply means the player didn't play enough break and, in relation to famous belief, would never be capable of making the putt

Low handicapper - A golfer that has a handicap in single figures, which is less than ten.

Low profile - A club, which has relatively short clubhead height from the sole to the crown when comparing its length from heel to toe. This generally depicts a lower center of gravity, making it easier to strike the ball on a high trajectory.

Lpga - This term either refers to a U.S.-based association, which operates the most important women's golf tour in the world or any national organizations that support women's professional golf. These associations have to follow the U.S. model or perhaps devoted only to touring pros.

Lucy - Arguably the most horrible shot in golf.

Lunch Ball - Also called Mulligan or Sunday ball, generally refers to taking a 2nd attempt at a shot when one of the players doesn’t like the outcome of the first.

M
MOI - Called moment of inertia, which refers to the measurement, demonstrating how much resistance a clubhead has to twist.

Made cut did not finish (MDF) - In some golf competitions, the scoreboard phrase used for those players who made the cut after the initial 2 rounds, but were subject to 2nd cut after the 3rd round. Before the 2020–21 season, the cut line on the PGA Tour was usually the top seventy and ties but if over seventy-eight players made the cut, the secondary cut once more abridged the field to the top seventy and ties. Second cut players rewarded with money and FedEx Cup points and get praise for the finish.

Majors - Any of one of the 4 main competitions of men on the golf tours that include the USPGA Championship, the Masters at Augusta National in Florida,  the Open Championship, and the US Open.

Make the Cut - Players are generally asked to make the cut when they equal or go beyond a certain score. It thus helps to avoid elimination during the final 2 rounds of a 4-round tournament.

Mallet - A putter head shape distinguished by a big size and especially wide from the hitting surface to the rear of the club.

Maraging steel - Known as the hardest metal present in golf clubs.  It is used in thin plates, which are inserted into the face of some high-performance clubs.

Mark - Refers to a spot i.e. putting down a ball marker who can replace the ball exactly in its original position after lifting

Marker - Someone who has the responsibility to record player scores.

Marshal - This term either refers to a person chosen by a tournament committee to help controlling crowd and maintain order or a person chosen to patrol the course who keeps an eye out for problems generally, but typically here to encourage a reasonable pace of play or keep things moving.

Mashie - An old kind of golf club that would be the equivalent of a five, six, or seven iron.

Mashie iron - A golf club that has less loft as compare to a mashie. This links to a 4 iron.

Mashie niblick - An obsolete term for an iron club that has a similar loft to a modern 7 iron. The name became outmoded with the beginning of numbered clubs, "matched sets", in the initial half of the 20th century.

Masters - In any condition, this term refers to the USPGA golf competition, generally held every year in Georgia at the Augusta National Golf Club. It is usually considered the top American golf competition.

Match play - A kind of golf plays in which golfers or teams compete against each other on the basis of hole-by-hole. Generally, the number of holes decides the winner instead of the total number of shots played.

Medalist - In the Medal play qualifying rounds, the medalist is the leader preceding a match play stage.

Member's bounce - Any encouraging golf ball bounce, which improves what at first, looks to be an errant shot.

Metal wood - This term is used to describe the new kind of wood, generally used a club head made of metal. This term is not used as nearly all the clubs are made up of metal now.

Mid iron - An iron golf club that has more lift as compared to a driver.

Mid mashie - The old correspondent of a three-iron.

Mid putter - Called belly putter, which refers to a specific kind of putter,  in which the player "anchored" the shaft end against his belly. As compared to a conventional putter, the mid putter has a longer shaft.

Mid-amateur - This term is used for an amateur player who is above a certain age but not yet old enough to qualify for the senior ranks which are under 50 or 55 years of age. Mid-Am competitions' minimum age limit varies broadly by country and organization.

Milled - A manufacturing method, which is used precisely to cut metal. In putters milled is carried out to make sure a very flat clubface.

Mis-club - Picking the wrong club for a shot. This mainly refers to reviewing distance poorly.

Misread - Using poor decision in reading the slope, wind effect, or surface hardness, or the grass effect on the club-ball contact.

Missing The Cut - When a golfer does not attain the required score to progress on to the other round of the tournament. This is generally after thirty-six holes in a seventy-two hole competition

Mixed - Male and female players playing together, wherein each partner plays off their tees.

Modified Scramble - Also called shamble or Texas scramble, a golf system wherein the players choose the best stroke off the tee, progress all balls to that position, and play individual shot play for the remaining hole.

Moment of inertia - Refers to the resistance to distortion around a special axis. Less twisting has less energy lost.

Monday qualifier - Refers to a stroke-play golf tournament, which generally starts on the Monday prior to a professional golf tournament, which rewards top finishers entry into the tournament.

Moveable Weight Technology - A proprietary phrase used by TaylorMade-Adidas Golf. In this system, a number of head weights is allowed to be moved and exchange in a driver or fairway wood.

Moving Day - This is a day before the last day of a 4-day tournament, so named because on this day competitors try to set themselves up for the last push on the result day.

Mud ball - The scientific phrase for a golf ball that has mud on it that can affect its flight. Under normal golf rules, one can clean a ball in play when the ball is on the putting green.

Mulligan - A second opportunity to perform an action, generally after the initial opportunity went wrong through bad luck or a blunder. It simply means a golfer is informally permitted to replay a shot, although this is against the official rules of golf.

Municipal course - A course, which is owned and governed by the local government.

Muscle back - Also called blades, generally refer to the way the back of the iron is prepared and shaped. The muscle back is lean and hard, gives more flexibility in play.

N
Nassau - A type of bet between players, which is three separate bets. Money is bet on the best score in the front nine, back nine, and a total of eighteen holes.

Neck - Called hosel, which refers to a socket in the golf club’s head into which the shaft is inserted.

Net Score - This refers to the score a golfer achieves after deducting his handicap from his gross score.

Never up, never in - A renowned and frequently repeated term in golf, which means a putt can never be successful if it doesn’t get to the hole.

Niblick - An old phrase used for a nine iron or pitching wedge.

Nine-iron - An iron that has a considerable loft.

Nineteenth Hole - A slang phrase for a restaurant, bar, or a pub, on or close to the golf course, usually the clubhouse itself

No Card (NC) - If a golfer does not turn in a scorecard for the round the golfer is recorded as No Card for the round. It has few exceptions that if the player is injured and withdraws, NC will not be applied.

No Return (NR) - A card that is not returned or that has been returned but has “no score” recorded for entire holes.

Nobble - To top a ball is said to nobble. It causes a low, fragile, running shot, known as a 'nobbler'

Nutted - In case players strike the golf ball exactly on the sweet spot, this is known as nutted in slang phrase.

O
OB - Stands for Out of Bounds, which refers to the part outside the golf course play region. It is generally highlighted by a white line or white stakes, or railings, walls, or fences.

Off The Deck - The term for a process, where a player doesn't hit a drive off a tee, but off the ground or fairway.

Off centre hit - When the golfer hits the ball by the club away from the sweet-spot.

Offset - The distance that a club leading-edge is behind the center of the shaft/hosel when in the address position.

On The Screws - Hitting the ball on the sweet spot, generally of wood, or driver

On the charge - When stringing jointly birdies to move into an argument during the end round of a stroke-play tournament, a golfer is said to be "on the charge"

One-Putt - When only a single putt is taken on a green to hole the golf ball

Onset - The distance, in which a leading edge of the club is ahead of the middle of the shaft/hosel when in the address position.

Open - This term either used to describe a tournament wherein any eligible contestant can play if they qualify or refers to the alignment of the clubface or golfer’s body

Open face - With regards to the target line, when the club-face is angled away from the body of the golfer.

Open stance - When a golfer's front foot is drawn backward more from the target line. It is used for fading the ball or preventing a hook.

Out - This term refers to the first 9 holes of an 18 hole course or used as another word for “away”, i.e., furthest away from the hole

Out-of-bounds - Refers to the area, which is not part of the golf course and on which play is not allowed

Outside - This term has two different meanings:

  1. On the reverse side of the target line from the player
  2. Away; beyond the hole than

Outside agent - Any agent, which is not having any part in stroke play, or the match or, the competitor's side. Markers, fore-caddies, referees, observers, wind, and water all are considered as outside agents.

Outward nine - Refers to the initial 9 holes, so-called because links golf courses were set up where the initial 9 holes went "out" away from the clubhouse.

Overlapping grip - It is the most famous golf grip developed by Henry Vardon, in which the left-hand remains high and the right-hand remains below it. This is quite alike the interlocking grip.

Oversize - Refers to a big size club as compared to normal. These are usually considered as game improvement clubs.

P
PGA Tour - The coordinator of the major men professional golf tours in the U.S.A and North America.

PGA Tour Champions - A tour for men players whose age is more than 50. It is organized mostly in the U.S. and run by the PGA Tour.

Pace - The speed upon which a putt must be hit to get to the hole.

Par - The standard number of shots for each hole that always includes 2 putts. Nearly all holes of golf are par three, four or five, even though some modern courses are building ultra-long par six holes.

Par In - Scoring par on each remaining hole

Peeking - Looking up to view the outcome of the shot before impact. It is mostly used in accordance with putting, and mainly on short putts

Peg - Another word for a tee, which small equipment to set the ball up above the ground

Penal - A kind of hole design of golf where the player has very limited options in the shots needed to make par at the hole. Failure to carry out these shots successfully is penalized by harsh hazards.

Penalty - Extra stroke added to a golfer’s score due to the breach of rules, out of bounds, etc.

Perfect round - To score a birdie or better on all eighteen holes of the round.

Perimeter Weighting - The strategic insertion of weight away from the sweet spot to make a more forgiving club

Pga - Stands for Professional Golfers’ Association; association to endorse and control the profession of golf

Pick Up - Lifting the golf ball and stop play on a hole, for different reasons such as too many strokes, too much time, etc.

Pils - Acronym for Pure In-Line Square, generally refers to the putting method that involves a pendulum movement from the shoulders, removing all freehand and arm movement, keeping the putter-face square all through the stroke. It is supported by Dave Pelz and many other professionals.

Pin - Slang term used for flag-stick.

Pin-High - A ball that is level with the pin, but to one side.

Pitch - A shot, which has extra loft than a chip and shorter swing than usual. It is used to approach the green.

Pitch And Putt (Course) - A par three course that has very short holes (generally less than 130 yards)

Pitch And Run - A lofted stroke generally projected to release/run/roll

Pitch Mark - The depression, which a ball forms when it hits the ground

Play through - This term is used to describe the action of a faster group of players passing a slower group of players on a golf course.

Playing The Ball Down - When a player plays the golf ball as it lies. It is the opposite of improving the lie

Plugged Lie - This refers to a bad lie in which the golf ball gets at least half-buried. Also called buried lie or fried egg in a bunker.

Plumb bob - It is a process utilized on the putting green to discover which way a putt will break.

Plunk - This refers to a lie where the ball is on the lake lip or other water hazard.

Plus Fours / Plustwos - Golfing trousers, which are more conventional and fuller cut having 4 inches below the knee length are referred to as Plus fours, while plus two are slimmer and unique that has only two inches folding.

Plus Golfer - A player whose handicap is better than zero (scratch), so he has to plus strokes to his gross score after the round instead of subtracting them.

Plus handicap - A golf handicap, which is stronger than scratch (zero), such that the player must add his handicap to his score.

Pop Stroke - A stroke described by a sudden little “hit” or twitch of force at the ball instead of a smooth acceleration through the ball

Pop-up - A poorly executed tee shot where the club-head top strikes under the ball, which causes it to go straight up in the air. Pop-ups often leave white scuff-marks on the club-head top, or dents in persimmon clubs. Also called sky shots.

Postage Stamp - A green that has a mostly small surface area showing a demanding target.

Pot bunker - A little, deep bunker present on lots of British courses. They are generally hard to escape.

Power transfer ratio - It is generally a measurement of how good the ball is being blown by the clubhead. Simply it is considered as the ratio of ball speed divided by swing speed.

Practice Green - Green separated from the golf course and is chosen to practice putting and the short game.

Practice Range - The separate area from the golf course, chosen for striking practice balls

Practice Round - Golf round generally thought of as being for the reason of familiarizing a golfer with a particular course and referred to especially to distinguish it from the round in a contest.

Pre-Shot Routine - Professional players carrying out the actions while getting ready for their shot. It usually includes taking practice swings and imagining the projected shot.

Preferred Lies - A local law, which permits the ball in play to be raised, cleaned, and moved on the fairway during unfavorable course conditions.

Pro (Professional) - Someone who plays or teaches golf for monetary return.

Pro shop - Refers to the shop run by the club professional at a golf club from where we can buy golf equipment.

Progressive offset - Clubs with increasing offset and increase in club length to make the longer irons easy to hit.

Provisional Ball - An offensive formation that includes two backs, aligned side-by-side 2 or 3 yards at behind the quarterback, with one on any side of the quarterback

Pull - A shot, which goes straight and to the left of the aim (for a right-handed golfer).

Punch Shot - When players play a shot with less than a full swing, usually for controlling distance, trajectory, and spin

Pure - A shot hit flawlessly on the center of gravity of the club.

Push - A shot by mistake goes on a trajectory reserve the side of the ball from which the golfer swings. In a match, a push takes place when neither contestant wins the hole.

Putt / Putting - When a player plays a shot on the green, generally with a putter.

Putt Out - Completing play by entering the ball into the hole. Also called ‘finishing’ a hole or ‘holing-out’.

Putter - A club that has a straight face, which is used for putting, or rolling the ball on the ground

Putting Green - Closely mowed area, which is nearest to the hole. It is generally made highly smooth and also called the ‘green’.

Q
Q-School - Stands for Qualifying School, which is the qualifying tournament on various main professional tours, such as the European Tour,  PGA Tour, or LPGA Tour. It is a multistage tournament (4 for the PGA Tour, 3 for the European Tour, 2 for the LPGA),  which ends in a week-long tournament wherein a specific number of top finishers get their "Tour Cards" that means they qualify for the following year's tour.

Quail High - This refers to a shot, which has a very low trajectory.

Quarter Shot - Highly reduced swing in taking a stroke, generally used for short strokes, or when high control is needed.

Quitting on the ball -  Slowing down the club during impact. Beginners generally do this fault.

R
R&A - This name is derived from The Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, however, R&A is a separate entity formed in 2004, which focuses on its authority role and running the British Open Championship. Since 1952, R&A has mutually issued the Golf rules with the USGA.

Radius - Refers to the space between the hands on the grip and center of the swing arc.

Rainmaker - This term is used for a shot, which has a high trajectory. The trajectory of the shot remains so high that it seems like the ball could hit the clouds over and make it rain.

Raised Swing Center - Elevating the middle part in the body around which revolving takes place. What the learner usually refers to as "looking up" and causes a swing, which is too high.

Rake - A tool used for clearing footprints from the bunker. It is generally used on a sand bunker for re-smoothing the sand after it has been walked or played on. This term also describes a lofted iron club, which looks like a rake.

Range - Practice area, generally known as the Driving Range, where players can practice their golf swing

Range Finder - A measuring tool, used for determining one's relative distance to an object. In golf, range finders are useful to determine how far a golfer is from the hole.

Range ball - A cheap 2-piece ball made to use on driving ranges. They are occasionally changed to limit the distance they can move and so not go out from the driving range.

Reading the green - This refers to the thoughts about the perfect way to enter the ball into the hole from its recent position.

Recovery - When a player plays a shot from a difficult situation.

Redan - This refers to a design of a hole, which slopes downward and away from the entrance point, usually the front right part of the green.

Release - One more phrase for ‘let it go’ in which a golfer is encouraged to calm down or "let go the tension" on the wrist or the arms throughout the downswing. It can even refer to the action of the ball when it stops spinning backward and starts to roll ahead.

Relief - This is related to the act of lifting a ball, removing it, and replacing it away from a barrier. This act is synchronized and permitted in different situations.

Reload - This term is used for referring to the action of replacing a ball, which is no longer in play.

Rescue - Also called hybrid clubs, generally a blend of a long iron and fairway wood and highly compliant from poor lies.

Reverse Bounce Back - When a player scores a bogey or worse on a hole quickly after a birdie or better.

Reverse overlap - The most normally used putting grip. In this grip, the player’s index finger moves to overlap their pinky and index fingers.

Rhythm - This term refers to how well the entire parts of the swing work collectively.

Roll - This term describes the ball movement quality after being hit by the putter. A good roll usually has topspin, which keeps the ball on the preferred line.

Rough - The grass, which boundaries the fairway, generally taller and coarser as compared to the fairway

Round - Refers to a complete circuit of the golf course that has generally eighteen holes

Round Robin - A tournament format wherein golfers or teams play a range of different teams and the winner among them is the one which gathers the highest number of points.

Rowan Match play - An alternative kind of match play, which takes a singles format. Rowan Match Play can be played by 3 or more players. These players start by playing against each other until one of them wins a hole and reach the best score. The winner of this game will now play against the other 2 players who will play as a team.

Rub Of The Green - It takes place when the golf ball is redirected or stopped by a 3rd party/object,  for instance, if a ball is going out of bounds and is redirected in bounds by striking a tree or a spectator.

Rules Of Golf - Regulations and actions of the game as described by a mutual effort of the US Golf Association and St. Andrews  Royal and Ancient Golf

Run - The distance travel by the ball after landing.

Rutter - A small-headed niblick to strike the golf ball from a cart track.

S
Sand Trap - Golfers having deep knowledge of the game once in a blue moon refer to a bunker as a sand trap.

Sand iron - A kind of golf club, an open-faced wedge mainly made for getting out of sand bunkers.

Sand save - When a golfer attains par by getting up and down from a green-side bunker. The percentage of sand save is one of many figures kept by the PGA Tour.

Sand wedge - A lofted club made particularly for playing out of a bunker. The current sand wedge was made-up by Gene Sarazen. Although they were made for bunker shots, they are used for all kinds of shots within a hundred yards.

Sandbagger - Someone who declares a certain level of talent -- usually through a fake or deceptive handicap index -- and winds up playing much better, using the addition shots in a handicap contest to beat their challengers.

Sandy (or Sandie) - A score of par or better, which involves a bunker shot. Sandys is calculated as points in some social golf games. If a par or better is attained after striking 2 or 3 three bunker strokes on the same hole, the phrase double sandy or triple sandy are used, in that order.

Score - This term is used to describe:

  1. The number of shots taken on a hole or golf course
  2. Keeping the number of shots taken to a minimum

Score to Par - A statistic, which depicts the average score to par for entire holes incorporated in the calculation.

Scorecard - The card used for recording and tallying scores during and after a round of golf

Scoring - This term is used to describe:

  1. The markings on the golf club’s face
  2. The act to keep one’s total shots taken to a minimum
  3. The act to record scores on the scoreboard

Scotch foursomes - Also called Greensomes, which follows a similar format as foursomes excluding that both golfers tee off on every hole. The better ball is selected and alternating shots are then played to finish the hole.

Scramble - The most general formats for golf tournaments, wherein the game is played by a team of 4 players where each member strikes their ball all through the match. Team captains select the best hit from the first shot and use a similar spot for each player.

Scratch - This refers to a player who has a handicap of zero or better.

Scratch golfer - Refers to a golfer who can take part in a Course Handicap of zero on any and entire rated golf courses.

Screws - This refers to the ideal spot where a player wants to hit a ball. It is commonly used in reference to woods.

Senior - This term is used to describe competition for elder golfers, or individuals playing in such competitions.

Senior PGA Tour - The original term of the tour is now called PGA Tour Champions. From 1980 through 2001, this name was used.

Set Up - The position, which the golfer assumes when preparing for a shot.

Shaft - This refers to the part of the golf club that lies between the club head and the grip. Often considered as the engine of the club.

Shamble - This either refers to a team match format or foursome, which permit scoring for both the team and the individual golfers. Also called the Texas Scramble.

Shank - Generally, an iron shot, which takes place when, rather than connecting the club head firmly with the ball, the player strikes the ball with some other part or just a glancing hit to the ball.

Shiperio - Refers to a golf game, generally played with cards. Also, this term is like a Mulligan where a golfer is permitted a second shot without penalty.

Shoot - This term describes the act to play a golf shot and also refer to the score of any player for a round of golf, or tournament

Shoot your (my) age - A round of eighteen holes where a given golfer has a score equal to, or less than an age of golfer. For instance, a 70-year-old man who scores seventy has shot his age.

Shoot your (my) temperature - A round of eighteen holes where a given golfer has a score equal to ninety-eight or ninety-nine. Generally used derisively.

Shooter - Also called a flier or a jumper, generally, a shot or a ball, which lands or lies far away than predicted.

Shootout - Golf play format in which a golfer is eliminated at the completion of each hole on the basis of the score. Also, this phrase is used to refer to a playoff.

Short Grass - Another term used for the fairway

Short game - Shots, which take place on or close to the green. Some aspects of the short game are chipping, green-side bunker, putting, and pitching.

Short side - To strike a stroke, which misses the green to the same side wherein the hole is cut. This usually causes a difficult following stroke with a very small area on the green to land and stop the ball.

Shot - This is one more phrase for stroke or a hit. It can even refer to a golfer’s score and the act of taking a stroke.

Shot making - The skill to operate or manage the flight and direction the ball moves in.

Shotgun Start - Refers to the format of golf tournament wherein all groups of golfers tee off simultaneously from different holes

Shrimp - A rigorous hook, so-called as it resembles the shape of a shrimp.

Side-Hill Lie - This term describes the position of the ball when it lies on a rough slope.

Sidesaddle - A putting posture in which the legs and feet are, more or less, facing the hole and the shot is made to the side of, rather than facing, the body

Signature Hole - The one hole, which the golf course administration has decided is most aesthetically satisfying and most picturesque - the noticeable golf hole, visually.

Sink a putt -  The same as holing a putt.

Sit! - Telling the golf ball to drop smoothly and not to roll after landing.

Skin - It is a game in golf in which golfers compete for a prize – generally money – on each hole. Money at stake is known as the 'skin'.

Skinny - Said of a stroke strike thin that flies lower than normal and without control.

Skull - Contacting the golf ball with the top edge of the iron means to skull the ball, which often causes a low shot going further than predicted with little to no spin. A skulled hit is almost always because of a mishit by the player.

Slice - A shot, which primarily takes a trajectory on the similar side of the golf ball from which the golfer swings but ultimately curves piercingly back opposite of the golfer. Under normal conditions, a slice is unplanned; however, good golfers can use a slice to their benefit in certain situations.

Slope rating - Also called ‘slope’, which refers to the playing complexity of a golf course, generally determined by a set of evaluators.

Snap hook - This term is used to describe a stroke, which unexpectedly and severely curves from right to left for right-handed golfers. It is even called a ‘snapper’ or a ‘quacker’.

Snowman - Scoring an 8 on a hole, so-called as 8 looks like to the body of a snowman.

Society - An organized group of players, generally not allied with any single golf course. Members are usually taken from the same profession, workplace, or other alliance.

Soft tipped - This term is used to describe a shaft that has a low kick point.

Sole - Refers to the golf club’s bottom or underside, on which the club rests on the field in playing position.

Span - This term describes that player is temporarily moving their ball marker to a place where another player will not strike it.

Speed - This term is used to describe the pace of the putt. It generally decides the break or curves in a putt; therefore players have to correctly control the speed of their putt to ensure that the ball can go into the hole in very few strokes.

Spike mark - Due to wearing spiked shoes, the hole or marks are usually left in the green, which is called a spike mark.

Spikes - On the base of golf shoes, there are studs or cleats present, which help the player to maintain his usual swing without slipping.

Spin rate - An amount of spin imparted on the ball given in RPM (revolutions per minute).

Sprachle - It is a Scottish term, which usually means playing badly.

Spray - To strike the golf ball with a grossly unpredictable direction, compared to the planned target, randomly.

Spring effect - Also called the ‘trampoline effect’, generally refers to the compression and decompression of a metal wood’ face upon blow with the ball

Square grooves - Also called U grooves, which are present on the clubfaces of irons and wedges and help in forming higher backspin than other grooves like V grooves.

Stableford - This refers to a point based scoring system where a score of golfer depends on points earned rather than the total number of strokes made.

Starter - Someone who is in charge of play control, also called ‘tee maters’.

Starting Time - Also called tee time, generally refers to an appointment or reservation to play at a golf course.

Stepless shaft - A golf shaft without the steps, which are usually present in other steel shafts. As an alternative, there is a soft transition from the diameter at one end to the other end of the shaft.

Stepped shaft - A shaft, which has unique steps in diameter along the shaft length, steadily rising in size.

Stimpmeter - A device used for measuring the speed of putting greens.

Stony - This refers to a shot, which lands near the flagstick.

Strategic - A kind of golf hole design in which the golfer has an option of strokes, which can be played to make par on the hole. Usually, the options that have less chance of entering a hazard are projected to have less chance of making par.

Stripe Shot - To strike a tee shot firmly and in a straight line, means that it gets the center stripe of the fairway

Stroke - An attempt to hit the ball. No matter whether the ball is hit or not

Stroke And Distance - Also called “two-stroke penalty”, given to a golfer whose shot has gone out of bounds. The golfer is penalized for the first out of bound shot and is then made to play again the shot from the same distance the out of bound shot was teed off.

Stroke Gained - Columbia University Professor Mark Broadie introduced this concept to assess a golfer's performance compared to the rest of the field.

Stroke Index - A number allocated to each hole and written on the scorecard, to point out the holes on which handicap shots should be taken.

Stroke play - A kind of play in which players compete against each other in the contest by comparing a complete score for one or more rounds. There is one more kind of stroke play known as maximum score, in which the maximum score for each hole is decided by the Committee.

Strong loft - Even called strengthening your loft, which means a club-fitter had bent the golf clubs under debate to lessen the amount of loft.

Stymie - This phrase refers to another golfer’s ball, which is jamming the path to the hole. It is even used to depict any type of play where an obstacle obstructs the way to the hole.

Summer Rules - This phrase is used to describe that the ball would be played ‘as it lies’.

Sunday Bag - A lightweight golf bag with a small diameter.

Sunday Ball - This term is used to describe a do-over shot. Also called a lunch ball or a Mulligan.

Superintendent - An official who has the responsibility to oversee the golf course maintenance and crew

Surlyn - A durable substance used to make the outer shell of a golf ball.

Swale - This term is used for referring to a depression or a low portion of the golf course.

Sweet-spot - The spot on the club-face where the best ball-hitting results are accomplished. The nearer the ball is hit to the sweet-spot, the superior the power transfer ratio will be.

Swing - The player moving with their body and club for hitting the ball.

Swing Arc - The entire route the clubhead makes in the swing course. It is a blend of the width and length of the swing.

Swing plane - The traveling direction and orientation of the golf club in space all through the golf swing.

Swing speed - This refers to the speed at which the golf club head travels. Generally, 90mph is the average male swing and around 115 to 125mph is the average professional swings.

Swing weight - Refers to the moment of inertia of clubhead during the swing.

Swinger - A golfer whose swing depends on timing and rhythm, as compared to a "hitter," whose swing depends on sheer power.

Swingweight Scale - A device to measure swing weight.

T
Takeaway - The primary movement of the club away from the ball. Also called the starting to the backswing.

Tap-in - Usually known as a "gimme", generally refers to a ball, which has come to rest very near to the hole, leaving only an extremely short putt to be played. Often, recreational players will "concede" tap-ins to each other to save time.

Target-Line - Refers to the straight line from the golf ball to its projected target. It is even extended backward.

Tee - A small tool, which sets the golf ball over the ground. It is even referred to as the beginning point of each hole and also the action of placing the ball on a tee.

Tee Blocks - Refers to the objects, which indicate the teeing boundary.

Tee Markers - Two objects, which point out the foreword boundary of the teeing region

Tee Off - To strike a stroke from the tee

Tee Shot - A first hit, which is taken on a hole

Tee Time - The time allocated for a group to start play on their first hole

Teeing ground - The part from which players strike a drive or tee shot.

Tempo - The smooth alteration of the speed of a golfer's swing from initial movement, through the ball, hit, to the follow-through

Ten-finger grip - Grip style having all 10 fingers on the club. Also called the baseball grip.

Tend The Flag - Holding and then taking away the flagstick after a golfer has made a shot.

Tending the pin - This refers to holding the flagstick at the request of another player.

Texas Wedge - This term refers to the action of utilizing a putter outside of the green.

That’Ll Play - Refers to a stroke, which perhaps less than ideal, but good enough to carry on the hole without damage; even seldom used to superficially downplay a great stroke

Thin - A shot anywhere between a top and a well-struck ball. The ball, strike under the equator, but not adequate to get right airborne, resulting in a low and uncontrolled shot.

Thin shot - This term is used to describe how high the ball was being hit by the golfer, so making more vibration into the golfer’s hand.

Three-Quarter Shot - When golfers play a shot with a shortened backswing and narrowed arm speed.

Through line - When putting, an unreal path, which a ball would move on if the putted ball goes past the hole. Generally seen by PGA players and knowledgeable players when regaining or marking a ball around the hole.

Through swing - Called the follow-through, which describes the part of the golf swing after blow with the ball.

Through the green - Refers to all other parts of the playing ground except the green.

Tiger Slam - Winning 4 successive major championships but not in a calendar year.

Tiger line - Hitting a stroke straight for the green, usually on a par 4, and often over a barrier. It is an homage to Tiger Woods

Tight - This refers to an extremely narrow course or ball lie or tight position or even refers to a compact swing.

Tight lie - A lie in which the ball lies very near to the ground, usually where no grass is present. These lies provide a very slight margin for error.

Tips - On a golf course, the tips refer to the championship tees.

Titanium - A somewhat costly metal that has a high strength to weight ratio, making it the best choice for driver materials.

Toe - The farthest end of the club-head is referred to as toe.

Toed in - A clubhead, which has a face rotated a little to the left for a right-handed player and vice-versa for a left-hand player.

Top - Hitting the golf ball over the center, which causes the ball to dive down and roll instead of rising.

Top line - The top section of iron when seen from above in the address position.

Topped - An errant stroke in which the club-head hits on top of the ball, which causes the ball to roll or bounce instead of fly.

Touch - This refers to the sensitivity of the golfer for the game or for playing a stroke. Also called ‘feel’.

Trajectory - Refers to the path taken by the golf ball through the air

Trampoline effect - The bouncing back of the clubface, which adds to the speed or the energy of the shit.

Transition - The change of direction i.e. from the backswing to the forward swing in the swing

Trap - This is one more term used for the bunker. This term even refers to a descending stroke, which traps the ball between the clubface and the ground.

Travel cover - A covering, which protects golf bags during transit.

Tree shot - A bad stroke, which has hit the branches, leaves, or trunk of a tree, generally results in a negative situation, i.e., leaving the golf ball much shorter than projected, going out of bounds, or into a hazard.

Triple bogey - A score of 3 strokes over par on a hole is referred to as a triple bogey

Tungsten - A dense metal, which is utilized for calculated weighting in golf clubs. In many putters, tungsten inserts are used to raise the MOI.

Turkey - 3 consecutive birdies throughout one round of golf.

Turn - After the ninth hole, i.e. the halfway point on a golf course, where player 'turn' for home.

U
U grooves - The situation in which a golfer holes the ball in 2 strokes starting from off the green. The first shot, generally a “chip” or "pitch", or a "bunker shot", gets the ball "up" onto the green, and the following putt gets the ball "down" into the hole. A variation is known as "up and in".

USGA - The golf governing body for the United States and Mexico.

Under Club, Under Clubbing - Using a shorter club than required for the stroke.

Under Par - A score, which is less than par.

Underspin - Also called backspin, a shot that makes the ball rotates backward after hitting.

Uneven Lie - This term is used to describe the way in which a ball lies or rests at an uneven slope (a downhill or uphill slope).

Unplayable - A player is free to declare their ball unplayable whenever during the play and free to drop the ball either within 2 club-lengths, or more from the hole in line with the hole and its recent position, or where they played their final stroke. 1 stroke penalty is applied. A ball, which is declared unplayable inside a hazard should be dropped inside that hazard.

Unplayable lie - When it is not possible to play a stroke due to ground conditions or an obstacle and the golfer has decided that the ball cannot be played from its current position. The player perhaps drops the ball in a good position, according to the rules, under penalty.

Up and down - When a player holes the ball in just two hits from any position

Upright lie - This term is used to describe that the angle between the shaft and the sole is very large.

Uspga - The main association for golf professionals in the USA. Usually known as the "PGA of America".

Utility Club - Refers to the versatile club which is best to play from several situations such as rough, fairway, and tee. It is also used for chipping by some players. Generally known as a hybrid.

V
V grooves - Grooves present in wedges and irons, which have a V-shaped cross-section, generally offer less spin than U-grooves.

Vardon Grip - A type of grip in which the fingers overlap also called ‘interlocking grip’. This name was derived from golfer Harry Vardon.

Variable Face Thickness VFT - One of the types of spring face driver designs, generally made from titanium with more elastic properties as compared to conventional titanium. When a spring face driver hits a golf ball, the face of the driver provides or bends a little softening the clash between the golf ball and the clubface. Because of softened collision extra golf ball's energy is stored which causes the golf ball rebounding off of the clubface with higher than usual velocity. The outcome of all this flexing and energy storing is merely more distance for the player.

Vaulting dormie - A possible incidence in match play when a golfer converts a lead into a win without passing through dormie, a certain minimum of a tie at the ending of regulation play.

Vector - An amount or computing related to force having both magnitude and direction. A crucial feature to determine the distance and direction a ball travels.

Verticut - The process of vertically cutting the grass to advance turf density, new blade expansion, and smoother fairways and greens.

Visualization - A mental picture of a swing or stroke or even a whole round.

W
Waggle - This refers to the golf club movement carried out to relax a grip just prior to the initiation of the swing.

Walk-On - This term is used to denote a single player or a small group, which can play in the course with no reservation.

Water Hazard - Any waterbody whether it’s manmade or natural, situated within the premises of the golf course or near to it. Water hazards are generally marked with yellow stakes.

Wave Up - Also called ‘call up’, a common practice, in which a group ahead (A) signals the group behind (B) to play their strokes when the group ahead (A) has reached the green rather than waiting for A to finish.

We Are Golf - An alliance of leading association of golf that includes the U.S. Golf Manufacturers Council, World Golf Foundation, PGA of America, Club Management Association of America, LPGA, Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, PGA TOUR, National Golf Course Owners Association, and USGA.

Weak Grip - A term, which is used to describe a grip in which the hands are turned to the left for a right-handed golfer. This grip provides extra backspin to the ball and reduces the distance, which it travels upon landing.

Wedge - A kind of golf club, having faces with the maximum degrees of loft. A part of iron, designed for short-range hits.

Wet - This term is used to describe the ball in the water hazard

Whiff - An attempt for hitting the ball where the golfer fails making contact with the ball. A whiff should be counted as a stroke.

Whippy - This term describes an extremely flexible shaft

Winter green - Typically a region of fairway utilized as a temporary putting green to stop damage to the normal green throughout stormy winter weather.

Winter rules - A local law under which a golfer can improve his lie with no penalty

Wire-to-wire - This term is linked with golf referencing a golfer who wins a title while holding the lowest aggregate score at the end of each round.

Wood - A type of club, which have longer shafts and bigger, rounder heads as compare to other club types. It is used for hitting the ball longer distances as compared to other types.

Work The Ball - Deliberately shaping or curving a shot

Worm-Burner - A slang phrase applied to a stroke wherein the golf ball hardly gets off the ground - or doesn't get off the ground at all.

Wrong Ball - Any ball (provisional ball or second ball) apart from the golfer’s ball in play, generally played under Rule 3-3 or Rule 20-7b in stroke play

X
X-out balls - When manufacturers carry out quality control checks on their golf balls, some certainly fail the checks. The balls that have only minor defects are then sold at discount in the market. These balls are used as practice or lake balls.

Y
Yank - A shot, which goes rigorously to the left of the target line (for a right-handed golfer)

Yardage - The space between the ball of the golfer and his target is referred to as yardage. The 'yardage' of a hole is formally the number mentioned on the scorecard from a particular tee but will differ to the tee-markers position and the pin position on the green.

Yardage marker - Generally refers to colored posts or discs on the fairway located throughout each hole, which indicates players an exact distance to the center of the green.

Yips - It is a movement disorder recognized to hinder with putting. This term is famous by Tommy Armour, who was a renowned golf player and golf teacher—to clarify the complexity that led him to dump tournament play. It generally refers to unintentional wrist spasms, which take place most commonly when players are trying to putt

Z
Zinger - A ball strike high and hard near to the leading edge, which causes a low flight and a slight vibratory feel.

Zip - This refers to the spin, which is imparted on the ball.

Zoysia - One of the types of grass on the golf course, which can be used in different climates. It is extremely thin-bladed, slow-growing grass that has deep roots. Zoysia is resistant to drought and severe temperatures.

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